An hour per week at the gym lowers the risk of metabolic syndrome24 de Junho de 2017
Less than one hour of resistance exercise training per week lowers the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (cardiovascular risk factors such as overweight, high blood pressure and elevated blood sugar), research concludes. The beneficial effects of resistance exercise were independent from the amount of aerobic exercise, such as running or cycling.
Physical activity within physical education: Time for a rethink?24 de Junho de 2017
Physical education (PE) in the United States may be failing both teachers and children, suggests new research.
Competitive soccer players have superior vision, study suggests10 de Junho de 2017
The visual abilities of competitive soccer players are substantially better than those of healthy non-athletes, according to the first-ever comprehensive assessment of visual function in English Premier League players.
Running multiple marathons does not increase risk of atherosclerosis10 de Junho de 2017
The health of blood vessels depends solely on age, suggests new research. The new study aimed to find out whether running itself could induce the early development of atherosclerosis.
Sleep disturbances predict substance use among college athletes10 de Junho de 2017
Preliminary results of a new study show that sleep disturbance is strongly related to the use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs among student athletes in college.
Compression tights don´t help runners reach finish line, study reveals04 de Junho de 2017
Despite the fact that distance runners swear by them, a new study finds compression tights don´t help runners go farther or faster.
Caution urged in using PRP or stem cells to treat young athletes´ injuries04 de Junho de 2017
Physicians, parents and coaches should be cautious when considering treating injured young athletes with platelet rich plasma (PRP), stem cells or other types of regenerative medicine, says a nationally recognized sports medicine clinician.
Timing meals later at night can cause weight gain and impair fat metabolism04 de Junho de 2017
New findings suggest eating late at night could be more dangerous than you think. Compared to eating earlier in the day, prolonged delayed eating can increase weight, insulin and cholesterol levels, and negatively affect fat metabolism, and hormonal markers implicated in heart disease, diabetes and other health problems, according to recent results.
Short, high-intensity exercise sessions improve insulin production in type 2 diabetes04 de Junho de 2017
Short, functional-movement and resistance training workouts, called functional high-intensity training (F-HIT), may improve beta-cell function in adults with type 2 diabetes, new research shows. Beta cells in the pancreas produce, store and secrete insulin, which allows your body to use sugar for energy. The small study is the first one of its kind to analyze beta-cell function in F-HIT or resistance training.
Refletindo o Tratamento da Dor no Brasil.21 de Maio de 2017
Sempre um passo à frente, o laboratório Cristália, inovando, desenvolvendo e comercializando produtos de qualidade, procura possibilitar um viver mais saudável e longevo à população. Diante dessa missão e ciente da necessidade de promover atualização constante dos profissionais de saúde, em parceria com a Clannad Editora Científica, desenvolveu o Programa de Educação Continuada Refletindo o Tratamento da Dor no Brasil.
Sports medicine: Blood results help to predict fitness improvements in older marathon runners20 de Maio de 2017
Endurance sport has a beneficial impact on physical and mental performance and this can be seen in blood test results. A group of researchers has now shown, in a study conducted with older marathon runners, that these laboratory data could be used in the opposite way to predict future changes in fitness. This information can be used to optimize individual training programs.
Weekly steroids strengthen, repair muscles20 de Maio de 2017
In a surprising finding, weekly doses of glucocorticoid steroids, such as prednisone, help speed recovery in muscle injuries, reports a new study. The weekly steroids also repaired muscles damaged by muscular dystrophy. When given daily over long periods, prednisone can cause muscle wasting. But the once weekly doses of the steroid increased proteins that stimulate muscle repair. The studies were conducted in mice, with broad implications for humans.
Athletes with ADHD more likely to choose team sports, could increase injury risk, study finds20 de Maio de 2017
Athletes with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to compete in team contact sports than individual sports, which could increase their risk of injury, suggests a new study.
Cognitive behavioral therapy could help stress in sport20 de Maio de 2017
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) could be a powerful tool to help elite sportspeople improve their performance by handling stress more effectively, new research has found.
Another reason to exercise: Burning bone fat a key to better bone health20 de Maio de 2017
It´s a fat-burning secret anyone interested in bone health should know. For the first time, researchers show that exercising burns the fat found within bone marrow and offers evidence that this process improves bone quality and the amount of bone in a matter of weeks.
Light exposure in the evening improves performance in the final spurt20 de Maio de 2017
Athletes often have to compete late in the evening, when they are no longer able to perform at their best. However, researchers have shown that athletes who are exposed to blue light before competing can significantly increase their performance in the final spurt. The blue light had no impact on the athletes’ maximum performance.
Preventing, treating sport-related concussions: New consensus14 de Maio de 2017
An international consensus on recognizing and treating concussion in sport has been revealed by researchers. This consensus statement updates the assessment tools in light of the new evidence.
Saliva test predicts prolonged concussion symptoms in children14 de Maio de 2017
Although most of the 3 million concussions diagnosed in the US each year occur in children, the bulk of clinical guidelines are based on adults. Because of this, pediatricians are limited in how accurately they can advise families about how long a child may suffer symptoms such as headaches, fatigue and trouble concentrating that can interfere with school and other activities.
Intense training without proper recovery may compromise bone health in elite rowers14 de Maio de 2017
Bone mineral density, an indicator of bone strength, typically increases with regular exercise, acting as a protective mechanism against bone fractures and osteoporosis. But a new study suggests that the extended, high-intensity training sessions of elite athletes could reverse beneficial bone changes.
Volunteering might prevent substance abuse for female student-athletes14 de Maio de 2017
As substance abuse continues to be a health concern in colleges and universities across the US, a social scientist has found that female student-athletes who volunteer in their communities and engage in helping behaviors are less likely to partake in dangerous alcohol and marijuana use.
Combating wear and tear14 de Maio de 2017
A team of researchers has discovered that damage to collagen, the main building block of all human tissue, can occur much earlier at a molecular level from too much physical stress. This could be especially helpful for some who want to know earlier if they are developing diseases such as arthritis or for athletes who want to know if repeated stress on their bodies is taking a toll.
Exercise and vitamin D better together for heart health29 de Abril de 2017
Researchers report that an analysis of survey responses and health records of more than 10,000 American adults for nearly 20 years suggests a `synergistic´ link between exercise and good vitamin D levels in reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
One step closer to an `exercise pill´29 de Abril de 2017
Studies show obese people produce elevated levels of a protein called myostatin. A new study shows suppressing myostatin enhanced muscle mass and dramatically improved markers of heart and kidney health in mice, suggesting a promising avenue for new drugs to counter obesity.
Physical activity may ward off heart damage More exercise may also reduce the association between obesity and myocardial damage29 de Abril de 2017
Physical activity can lower the risk of heart damage in middle-aged and older adults and reduce the levels of heart damage in people who are obese, according to research.
How walking benefits the brain Researchers show that foot´s impact helps control, increase the amount of blood sent to the brain29 de Abril de 2017
You probably know that walking does your body good, but it´s not just your heart and muscles that benefit. Researchers found that the foot´s impact during walking sends pressure waves through the arteries that significantly modify and can increase the supply of blood to the brain.Saiba mais
People suffering heart attacks near major marathons face grimmer survival odds22 de Abril de 2017
People who suffer heart attacks and cardiac arrests in the vicinity of major marathons are more likely to die within a month. The bleaker survival odds are linked to delays in transportation to nearby hospitals. The delays are believed to stem from widespread road closures within the radius of the race. The study findings underscore the need for citywide strategies that ensure rapid transport for medical emergencies in the vicinity of major public events.
Common drugs, uncommon risks? Higher rate of serious problems after short-term steroid use22 de Abril de 2017
People taking corticosteroids for short-term relief were more likely to break a bone, have a potentially dangerous blood clot or develop sepsis in the months after treatment, compared with similar adults who didn´t use the drugs, a new study finds. Though only a small percentage of both groups went to the hospital for these serious health threats, the higher rates seen among people who took steroids are cause for caution, the researchers say.
Sport & Leisure Open Select13 de Abril de 2017
Routledge presents a collection of articles recently published in our Open Select journals. These articles have been published in subscription journals although the author has chosen to make their article freely available for everyone to read online via this hybrid publishing programme.
Overuse injuries more common in kids who specialize in individual sport13 de Abril de 2017
Young athletes who specialize in an individual sport – such as gymnastics, tennis and dance – were at higher risk for overuse injuries (i.e. gradual onset of pain and symptoms), compared to those who focus on a single team sport, according to a study. Acute injuries (i.e. from a single traumatic event) were more common in young athletes whose single sport was a team sport, especially football, cheerleading and soccer.
Tanning dependence linked to other addictive behaviors, new study finds09 de Abril de 2017
Despite the known dangers of exposure to ultraviolet light, many people continue to sunbathe and use indoor tanning beds with some users exhibiting a dependence to tanning. A new study finds that such dependence is also associated with other addictive behaviors.
Clinical trial shows benefit of yoga for side effects of prostate cancer treatment08 de Abril de 2017
Men who attended a structured yoga class twice a week during prostate cancer radiation treatment reported less fatigue and better sexual and urinary function than those who didn´t, according to a clinical trial. It is the first randomized trial to look at the effect of twice-weekly yoga on the side-effects and quality of life issues caused by prostate cancer treatment.
Why does the same exercise exert effects on individuals differently?08 de Abril de 2017
Selenoprotein P, a kind of hepatokine hormone secreted from the liver, has been found, through experiments with cultured muscle cells and mice and through clinical studies, to cause pathology named `exercise resistance,´ which prevents health promotion by physical exercise. The present results elucidate one of the reasons why individual responsiveness to exercise differs markedly as well as shed lights on development of therapy for lifestyle diseases due to lack of exercise, obesity and type-2 diabetes.
A little vigorous exercise may help boost kids´ cardiometabolic health08 de Abril de 2017
As little as 10 minutes a day of high-intensity physical activity could help some children reduce their risk of developing heart problems and metabolic diseases such as diabetes, according to an international study.
Participation in a weight management program reduces job absenteeism08 de Abril de 2017
Individuals with obesity who enrolled in a structured weight loss program report fewer hours missed from work after six months in the program, according to a study being presented Sunday at the Endocrine Society´s 99th annual meeting in Orlando, Fla.
Marathon running may cause short-term kidney injury29 de Março de 2017
The physical stress of running a marathon can cause short-term kidney injury, according to new research. Although kidneys of the examined runners fully recovered within two days post-marathon, the study raises questions concerning potential long-term impacts of this strenuous activity at a time when marathons are increasing in popularity.
Surgery may not offer additional benefit to patients with tennis elbow, study shows29 de Março de 2017
Surgical approaches to treating tennis elbow may not offer additional benefit to patients, say researchers. Their study, a randomized, double-blinded clinical trial, explored patient responses to a common surgery aimed at repairing a damaged elbow, compared to a placebo procedure.
More than half of college football athletes have inadequate levels of vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency linked to muscle injuries29 de Março de 2017
More than half of college football athletes participating in the NFL Combine had inadequate levels of vitamin D, and this left them more susceptible to muscle strains and `sports hernia,´ according to researchers.
Combating wear and tear. Bioengineers detect early signs of damage in connective tissues such as ligaments, tendons and cartilage29 de Março de 2017
A team of researchers has discovered that damage to collagen, the main building block of all human tissue, can occur much earlier at a molecular level from too much physical stress. This could be especially helpful for some who want to know earlier if they are developing diseases such as arthritis or for athletes who want to know if repeated stress on their bodies is taking a toll.
Gastrointestinal cancer: Physical exercise helps during chemo12 de Março de 2017
Walking or jogging helps patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer to cope better with the side effects of chemotherapy, shows new research.
Gene found to cause sudden death in young people11 de Março de 2017
A new gene that can lead to sudden death among young people and athletes has now been identified by an international team of researchers. The gene, called CDH2, causes arrhythmogenic right ventricle cardiomyopathy (ARVC), which is a genetic disorder that predisposes patients to cardiac arrest and is a major cause of unexpected death in seemingly healthy young people.
Zika virus also may have harmful heart effects, research shows in first report in adults11 de Março de 2017
Zika also may have serious effects on the heart, new research shows in the first study to report cardiovascular complications related to this virus.
Athletes´ symptom anxiety linked to risk of injury11 de Março de 2017
The anxiety experienced by elite athletes over illness symptoms is linked to the risk of being injured during competition and should be taken seriously, according to a study carried out at the IAAF World Championships in Athletics 2015. The way in which the symptoms progress and the nature of the sporting activity also influence the risk of injury.
Differences in sex and running ability influence declines in marathon performance, study finds11 de Março de 2017
A person´s sex and running ability play a role in the decline of their performance in marathons as they get older, according to a study.
Never too late: Reaping the benefits of exercise in early postmenopause27 de Fevereiro de 2017
Women recently postmenopause have similar or improved benefits from physical activity, in terms of muscle and blood vessel function, as those premenopause. Therefore, early postmenopause might be a time when women can gain increased benefit from physical activity to oppose negative effects of oestrogen loss and aging.
Exercise most important lifestyle change to help reduce risk of breast cancer recurrence27 de Fevereiro de 2017
For patients with breast cancer, physical activity and avoiding weight gain are the most important lifestyle choices that can reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and death, according to an evidence-based review.
3,000 steps in 30 minutes improves the prognosis for heart failure, study suggests27 de Fevereiro de 2017
Contrary to what was previously assumed, physical exercise does not lead to harmful ventricular enlargement. Researchers have new evidence against this earlier hypothesis and have issued recommendations for designing a training program for persons with congestive heart failure.
Quality of life with those with advanced cancer improved through walking27 de Fevereiro de 2017
Walking for just 30 minutes three times per week could improve the quality of life for those with advanced cancer, a new study has found.
Is running really good for the heart?25 de Fevereiro de 2017
From the Broad Street Run in Philadelphia to the Cherry Blossom 10-mile run in Washington, DC, and others across the country and overseas, running season is just around the corner! And for many people, from avid runners to weekend warriors, that means it´s almost time to lace up your shoes and dust off those training plans. But, recent news stories about runners suffering sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and other heart-related complications mid-race might leave some wondering if there may actually be a risk to running.
Repetitive head injuries may not cause movement problems for former NFL players25 de Fevereiro de 2017
Former NFL players who had repeated head injuries may not have significant problems with motor functions later in life, according to a preliminary study.
Making uncertainty work25 de Fevereiro de 2017
Vitamin D supplementation is always on the shortlist of clinical topics guaranteed to spark interest and debate. The term “supplement” might conjure up thoughts of an added extra—something beneficial or enhancing—but vitamins are treatments with potential harms and benefits. The plethora of evidence requires careful navigation before embarking on therapy. Bolland and colleagues recently explained the uncertainty surrounding Vitamin D supplementation, concluding that it should not be used in adults to prevent non-musculoskeletal disease (doi:10.1136/bmj.i6201).
30 destinos de viagem internacional onde o Real vale mais que a moeda local25 de Fevereiro de 2017
Para você que, assim como eu, está planejando e pensando qual será o destino das próximas férias, confira 30 lugares incríveis para você viajar mesmo com o Dólar em alta, pois o Real vale mais que a moeda local.
The Effects of Kinesiology Tape on Shoulder Pain and Throwing Kinematics25 de Fevereiro de 2017
Despite the increased use of kinesiology tape, empirical evidence is inconsistent regarding its therapeutic benefits on pain and kinematics during exercises. The purpose of this study was to determine the immediate and 48-hour effects of RockTape (RockTape USA, Campbell, CA) on pain and kinematics for individuals with shoulder pain.
6 reasons to visit Minas Gerais, Brazil25 de Fevereiro de 2017
(CNN) When most people think of Brazil, it goes something like this: Toes in the sands of Copacabana Beach in Rio, sipping on caipirinhas -- the national cocktail crafted with a rum-like spirit distilled from sugar cane called cachaça -- all set to a sun-drenched samba soundtrack.
Surprising link between athletics and addiction20 de Fevereiro de 2017
While investigating the idealized benefits between sport and addiction, researchers found that the prevalence of substance abuse in some sports communities, in fact, creates a greater risk of addictions for people already vulnerable to them. Surprised by the number of participants, researchers interviewed a range of subjects including a gymnast, a rower, a martial artist and a significant number of athletes involved in team sports -- especially hockey.
Repetitive head injuries may not cause movement problems for former NFL players20 de Fevereiro de 2017
Former NFL players who had repeated head injuries may not have significant problems with motor functions later in life, according to a preliminary study.
Scientifically-designed fasting diet lowers risks for major diseases18 de Fevereiro de 2017
Results of a randomized clinical trial shows a periodic, five-day fasting diet designed by a esearcher safely reduced the risk factors for heart disease, cancer, diabetes and other age-related diseases.
Exercise, sleep are key to keeping employees from bringing home work frustrations, study shows18 de Fevereiro de 2017
A brisk walk or a long swim may be the key to preventing a bad day at the office from spilling over into the home. A study tracked participants´ sleep patterns and daytime physical movements found employees who recorded more than 10,900 steps each day were less likely to perpetuate abuse at home.
`Tá no Ar´ faz sátira com o `America First´ de Donald Trump12 de Fevereiro de 2017
Vídeo enumera aspectos do Brasil e manda recado ao presidente dos Estados Unidos
Youth soccer coaches can prevent injuries with just 90-minutes of training11 de Fevereiro de 2017
Professional preventive training programs can be expensive and difficult to implement. A new study shows that when coaches receive even a small amount of education about preventive training, they can be as effective as professional athletic trainers at mitigating poor movement behavior and preventing injury in young soccer athletes.
Runners: Protect your legs with fewer distractions11 de Fevereiro de 2017
Runners who encounter visual and auditory distractions may be more likely to sustain leg injuries, according to new research.Saiba mais
Brisk exercise linked to better arterial health already in childhood06 de Fevereiro de 2017
High levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity are associated with lower arterial stiffness in 6-8-year-old children, according to a new study. No similar association was found for light physical activity, report investigators.
Safe exercise guidelines for type 1 diabetes06 de Fevereiro de 2017
An international team of researchers and clinicians has published a set of guidelines to help people with type 1 diabetes exercise safely to avoid fluctuations in blood sugar. The guidelines on glucose targets for safe and effective exercising as well as nutritional and insulin dose adjustments to prevent exercise-related fluctuations in blood sugar appear in a new report.
Study provides new evidence that exercise is not key to weight control06 de Fevereiro de 2017
Compelling new evidence has been gained that exercise may not be the key to controlling weight. Researchers who studied young adults from the United States and four other countries found that neither physical activity nor sedentary time were associated with weight gain.
New study connects running motion to ground force, provides patterns for any runner05 de Fevereiro de 2017
Researchers have developed a concise approach to understanding the mechanics of human running. The research has immediate application for running performance, injury prevention, rehab and the individualized design of running shoes, orthotics and prostheses. The work integrates classic physics and human anatomy to link the motion of individual runners to their patterns of force application on the ground -- during jogging, sprinting and at all speeds in between.
Misdiagnosed foot, ankle injuries may result in arthritis, chronic pain and disability05 de Fevereiro de 2017
Front-line physicians are advised to err on the side of caution and opt for additional imaging and second opinions when diagnosing six common foot and ankle injuries. A new study by orthopedic surgeons finds misdiagnosis often results in poor long-term patient outcomes, including arthritis and disability.
Low back pain in school-aged children a common occurrence05 de Fevereiro de 2017
Low back pain in school-aged children is a common occurrence, and the prevalence of low back pain increases once children reach school age according to a recent review.
Modest physical activity associated with improvement in markers, data suggests29 de Janeiro de 2017
Insulin resistance, a predictor of cardiovascular risk and the development of diabetes, may be modulated with even modest levels of physical activity, new research indicates.
The enzyme that makes physical activity healthy: AMPK29 de Janeiro de 2017
Physical activity benefits diabetics and others with insulin resistance. One of the reasons is that a single bout of physical activity increases the effectiveness of insulin. Thus, physical activity helps to reduce the risk of developing diabetes, while also reducing the effects of diabetes if it does set in. Until now, no one has understood the underlying mechanism of this phenomenon.
Getting fit, getting enough iron boosts students´ grades, study suggests29 de Janeiro de 2017
An analysis of 105 female college students showed those with the highest levels of stored iron and those with higher fitness levels had better grades than less-fit women with lower iron stores.
Head injuries in football can cause unexpected consequences years later28 de Janeiro de 2017
Sport-related concussion, particularly in youth athletes, and the ethical implications of risky sports participation for children, have been the focus of recent research. Investigators report that the longterm effects of repeated head injuries may not surface until years after the injury.
More sprints in top-class soccer necessitates new and individualized training routines28 de Janeiro de 2017
Today´s top-class football is characterized by more short sprints than in the past. In English Premier League, high-intensity running has increased by 50% in the last 10 years, presenting new challenges to the players in terms of fatigue resistance and ability to recover quickly. The change has also resulted in greater variation in the tempo of matches, and this new pattern calls for revised training routines, concludes new research.
Could better eye training help reduce concussion in women´s soccer?22 de Janeiro de 2017
With the ever-growing popularity of women´s soccer, attention to sports-related concussions is also a growing concern. High school female soccer players incur a higher concussion rate than males, and researchers noticed in photographs of female soccer players, the players often had their eyes closed. They wanted to quantify whether female athletes closed their eyes more frequently than male counterparts, as a first step toward determining if less visual awareness might expose players to a higher risk of injury.
Sports Emergency Care: A Team Approach, Second Edition22 de Janeiro de 2017
One of the most critical components of providing care for athletes is the ability to provide appropriate care to a suddenly ill or injured athlete. The first of its kind, Sports Emergency Care: A Team Approach, Second Edition is an innovative text that addresses the specific educational needs of athletic training and emergency medical services students who are preparing to handle emergency medical situations in the sports arena.
Emergency Airway Adjuncts and the Athletic Trainer14 de Janeiro de 2017
There is a growing belief that prompt and appropriate emergency care should be available to all athletes regardless of the type or manner of sport.
High cholesterol `does not cause heart disease´ new research finds, so treating with statins a `waste of time´14 de Janeiro de 2017
Cholesterol does not cause heart disease in the elderly and trying to reduce it with drugs like statins is a waste of time, an international group of experts has claimed.
“Janeiro Dourado”: passe por uma avaliação médica antes do exercício14 de Janeiro de 2017
Campanha espera reduzir os casos, que vão desde lesões até morte súbita em praticantes de atividades físicas, incentivando a visita a um médico especializado
Brain protein predicts recovery time following concussion13 de Janeiro de 2017
Elevated levels of the brain protein tau following concussion are associated with a longer recovery period and may serve as a marker to help physicians determine an athlete´s readiness to return to play, report investigators.
Nonsurgical and surgical treatments provide successful outcomes for an Achilles tear12 de Janeiro de 2017
Successful outcomes for an Achilles tendon tear with either minimally invasive surgery or nonsurgical bracing with a removable boot, especially in recreational athletes.
Shoulder pain linked to increased heart disease risk12 de Janeiro de 2017
After all the lifting, hauling and wrapping, worn out gift givers may blame the season´s physical strain for any shoulder soreness they are feeling. It turns out there could be another reason. A new study finds that individuals with symptoms that put them at increased risk for heart disease could be more likely to have shoulder problems, including joint pain and rotator cuff injury.
How stress may increase risk of heart disease and stroke12 de Janeiro de 2017
Heightened activity in the amygdala -- a region of the brain involved in stress -- is associated with a greater risk of heart disease and stroke, according to a study that provides new insights into the possible mechanism by which stress can lead to cardiovascular disease in humans.
Play an instrument? You probably react faster, too12 de Janeiro de 2017
Researchers find that musicians have faster reaction times than non-musicians -- and that could have implications for the elderly.
High-mileage runners expend less energy than low-mileage runners26 de Dezembro de 2016
Runners who consistently log high mileage show more neuromuscular changes that improve running efficiency than their low-mileage counterparts, according to researchers.
Want to improve your memory? Go to the gym26 de Dezembro de 2016
Exercise improves your short-term memory, new research concludes. In two experiments, healthy and active participants were given lists of words to learn and recall either after or before exercise, or before or after a period of rest. Exercise consisted of 30 minutes of moderate intensity cycling.
Gelatin supplements: Good for your joints?22 de Dezembro de 2016
A new study from Keith Baar´s Functional Molecular Biology Laboratory at the UC Davis College of Biological Sciences and the Australian Institute of Sport suggests that consuming a gelatin supplement, plus a burst of intensive exercise, can help build ligaments, tendons and bones. The study is published in the January issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.Saiba mais
Moderate exercise improves memory dysfunction caused by type 2 diabetes22 de Dezembro de 2016
Researchers show that moderate exercise may improve hippocampal memory dysfunction caused by type 2 diabetes and that enhanced transport of lactate to neurons may be the underlying mechanism.
Aerobic exercise preserves brain volume and improves cognitive function22 de Dezembro de 2016
Using a new MRI technique, researchers found that adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) who exercised four times a week over a six-month period experienced an increase in brain volume in specific, or local, areas of the brain, but adults who participated in aerobic exercise experienced greater gains than those who just stretched.
A change of heart Epigenetic basis of cardiac hypertrophy uncovered22 de Dezembro de 2016
Why is heart growth beneficial in some circumstances but detrimental in others? Research has uncovered the molecular basis of dangerous cardiac growth (cardiac hypertrophy), pointing the way for the design of new treatments for heart disease.
How physical exercise aids in stroke recovery22 de Dezembro de 2016
Mice that had free-access to a running wheel were able to maintain ocular dominance plasticity after suffering a stroke, compared to those that didn´t, new research shows. These exciting observations have the potential to provide a simple but effective method to protect and rehabilitate patients that are prone to, or have already suffered, a stroke.
International Congress on Medicine & Science in Ultra-Endurance Sports- call for submissions and funding announcement22 de Dezembro de 2016
We are pleased to announce that the 4th Annual International Congress on Medicine & Science in Ultra-Endurance Sports will be held as a 1-day pre-conference to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Annual Meeting in Denver, Colorado. The congress date is Tuesday, May 30, 2017.
Smartphones and tablets and adolescents: Small size, big problems?17 de Dezembro de 2016
When children watch too much television, their risk of obesity increases, research shows. However, more and more screen time is coming from other devices, like tablets and smartphones, and the impact of these devices has not been researched as much. In a new study, researchers found that children who reported spending more time on screen devices and watching television engaged in behaviors that can lead to obesity.Saiba mais
Specific ways in the body: New host for steroids17 de Dezembro de 2016
Synthetic hosts are to transport medical substances into the body and to release them at specific points. They enclose the active substances in a cavity. In case of steroids, this task has been accomplished mainly by ring-shaped glucose molecules so far. Now, scientists have discovered a new class of host molecules, namely, barrel-shaped cucurbiturils. They can make hardly soluble steroids, such as cortisone or estradiol, act more gently and more efficiently.Saiba mais
Running actually lowers inflammation in knee joints17 de Dezembro de 2016
We all know that running causes a bit of inflammation and soreness, and that´s just the price you pay for cardiovascular health. You know; no pain, no gain. Well, maybe not. New research from exercise science professors finds that pro-inflammatory molecules actually go down in the knee joint after running.
Confronting the psychological demands on endurance athletes17 de Dezembro de 2016
What are the psychological demands commonly faced by endurance athletes? New research has identified psychological stressors common to endurance athletes across different sports at different performance levels. A new article underscores where researchers can make effective recommendations to athletes of all abilities in helping them cope with pervasive psychological difficulties. The new research is therefore an important set of findings for anyone interested in improving performance in endurance sports.
Using Whatsapp for a second medical opinion and diagnosing03 de Dezembro de 2016
We use WhatsApp on a daily basis to talk to people without meeting in person, to share photos, and to ask quick questions. Sometimes we extend these questions to a group of people to make a decision based on multiple opinions. There’s nothing stopping us from extending this convenience to the medical context.
Five pearls from the first Swiss Sports and Exercise Medicine Student´s Day – for future doctors03 de Dezembro de 2016
I am very honored to launch the new Swiss Junior Doctors and Undergraduate Perspective blog series. This series will help amplify Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM) as a medical specialty in our country. It will also encourage dialogue and raise awareness about SEM issues, both unique to Switzerland, and global. Topics of interest will likely include: (i) access to ‘hands-on’ learning opportunities (ii) strategies to raise awareness about and implement physical activity in the daily care of patients, (iii) the integration of research and practice.
No willpower required: Families adopt healthy behaviors through trial and error18 de Novembro de 2016
Forgoing a reliance on motivation, families adopt healthy behaviors—eating better and exercising more—by following a new approach that focuses on the redesign of family daily routines.
Patellar tendon repair in NFL athletes yielded worse return-to-play rates15 de Novembro de 2016
Athletes in the National Football League who underwent patellar tendon repair had worse return-to-play rates, career length after surgery, games played and performance at 1 year and 2 years to 3 years after surgery compared with other injuries, according to study results.
New research on the muscles of elite athletes: When quality is better than quantity12 de Novembro de 2016
Endurance sports such as soccer and cross-country skiing lead to significant changes in the quality of the "cellular powerhouses" in the athletes´ muscles, shows new research.
Dad´s preconception exercise may increase obesity, insulin resistance risk in offspring06 de Novembro de 2016
Fathers who exercise regularly before their children are conceived may program their offspring´s genes with an increased risk for metabolic disorders, according to new research. The surprising results point to the identification of epigenetic markers that may change the process of diagnosis and management of chronic disease.
12-week exercise program significantly improved testosterone levels in overweight, obese men06 de Novembro de 2016
Twelve weeks of aerobic exercise significantly boosted testosterone levels in overweight and obese men, according to researchers. Increased levels were highest among men who exercised vigorously, report investigators.
Kids most likely to suffer sport-related eye injuries06 de Novembro de 2016
Roughly 30,000 sports-related eye injuries serious enough to end in a visit to the emergency room occur each year in the United States, and the majority happen to those under the age of 18, new research suggests.
Exercise during pregnancy may reduce markers of aging in offspring06 de Novembro de 2016
Exercise during pregnancy may be as effective in protecting the next generation from age-related health risks as efforts made during the offspring´s own adulthood. Researchers think that short-term lifestyle changes during pregnancy may have a long-lasting effect on future generations.
Want to exercise more? Get yourself some competition02 de Novembro de 2016
Competition is a far stronger motivation for exercise than friendly support, and in fact, giving people such support actually made them less likely to go to the gym less than simply leaving them alone, new research indicates.
Low MRI signal in knee fat pad may suggest knee cartilage defects02 de Novembro de 2016
A low-intensity MRI signal in the infrapatellar fat pad was associated with an increased risk of knee cartilage defects, according to study findings.
A Movement for Movement: what´s art got to do with it? A lot.02 de Novembro de 2016
The newly published “Movement for Movement” editorial (Gates et al) heralds a new era of framing and dealing with the deeply entrenched life style issues that contribute to the rise in the global burden of diseases (1). It uses physical activity as a case study and identifies areas where the physical activity community must work to build capacity and cultural practices in order to implement sustainable results (2). Overall, the editorial addresses: (i) moving forward as a community of practice, (ii) initiating action by the many, and (iii) synergising the way we work together to achieve the World Health Organization goals for physical activity.
Sports injury app detects 99% more health conditions for college athletes than traditional medicine02 de Novembro de 2016
A new cell phone app specializing in sports injury detection captured 99 percent more physical and mental health symptoms for college athletes than traditional sports medicine surveillance, according to new research.
The organisers of the World Championships say the heat is not in the “danger zone” #UCIDoha201623 de Outubro de 2016
No Mundial do Catar, ciclistas sofrem colapsos com sol forte e calor de 40ºCSaiba mais
Minimal exercise can prevent disease, weight gain in menopausal women20 de Outubro de 2016
Minimal exercise may be all it takes for postmenopausal women to better regulate insulin, maintain metabolic function and help prevent significant weight gain, research shows. These findings suggest that women can take a proactive approach and may not need to increase their physical activity dramatically to see significant benefits from exercise.
Music may help make high-intensity interval training viable option for average person20 de Outubro de 2016
Listening to music may make it easier for people to adopt short duration exercise regimens that could help them stay in shape, according to researchers.
Exchanging sedentariness for low-intensity physical activity can prevent weight gain in children20 de Outubro de 2016
As little as 10 minutes of high-intensity physical activity per day reduces the amount of adipose tissue and enhances cardiorespiratory fitness in 6-8-year-old children, according to a new study. The higher the intensity of physical activity, the stronger the association with the amount of adipose tissue. Exchanging sedentary behavior -- mainly sitting -- for even low-intensity physical activity reduces the amount of adipose tissue. In order for physical activity to enhance cardiorespiratory fitness, the intensity needs to be at least moderate.
Drinking an ice slurry/water mix helps body cope with exertion in hot weather20 de Outubro de 2016
Temperature of water consumed may be as important as the amount when trying to manage thermoregulation, indicates new report.Saiba mais
Want to optimize those 10,000 (or fewer) steps? Walk faster, sit less20 de Outubro de 2016
That popular daily target of 10,000 steps is a worthwhile goal, but a new study suggests that if you find that unattainable, don´t despair - a smaller number, especially at moderate or greater intensity, can lead to health benefits too. The average American takes between 5,000 and 7,000 steps per day, researchers say.
Coronary artery disease tests prompt patients toward healthier habits20 de Outubro de 2016
Undergoing a computer tomographic angiography was a better motivator to get people with suspected coronary artery disease to adopt healthier lifestyle practices than an exercise electrocardiography and stress test, new research shows.
BMJ Blogs: IOC Consensus Statement concludes little evidence of negative outcomes associated with strenuous exercise in pregnancy15 de Outubro de 2016
But the overall quality of the available evidence on the impact of intense exercise is not strong, with few studies carried out in elite athletes, the statement warns.
Calcium supplements may damage the heart12 de Outubro de 2016
Taking calcium in the form of supplements may raise the risk of plaque buildup in arteries and heart damage, although a diet high in calcium-rich foods appears be protective, say researchers at conclusion of their study that analyzed 10 years of medical tests on more than 2,700 people.
Do you really need eight glasses a day? Study challenges idea of mandatory water intake12 de Outubro de 2016
For the first time, the mechanism that regulates fluid intake in the human body and stops us from over-drinking has been revealed by researchers. Over-drinking can cause potentially fatal water intoxication. The study challenges the popular idea that we should drink eight glasses of water a day for health.
Majority of adverse events in clinical trials remain unpublished12 de Outubro de 2016
A lower number and smaller range of adverse events were reported in published studies compared with those unpublished, according to data published in PLoS Medicine.
Graded aerobic treadmill testing in children and adolescents with sports-related concussion08 de Outubro de 2016
Graded aerobic treadmill testing is safe, tolerable, and useful in evaluating and managing cases of sports-related concussion in children and adolescents. This is the finding of a new study reported in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.
Exercise releases hormone that helps shed, prevent fat08 de Outubro de 2016
If a workout feels like more pain than gain, here´s some motivation: Exercise releases a hormone that helps the body shed fat and keeps it from forming.
Pediatric overuse injuries increase due to year round, one sport training08 de Outubro de 2016
Specialization in youth sports has led to an increased number of overuse injuries in young athletes, often amounting to acute injuries or withdrawal from play, according to prominent sports medicine physicians who spoke with Orthopedics Today.
Pre-screening for young athletes at risk of sudden cardiac death What works and what doesn´t, and at what cost07 de Outubro de 2016
Although rare, sudden cardiac death in young athletes raises serious concerns, especially because most victims report no warning symptoms. Pre-participation screening aims to identify children, adolescents, and young adults at risk, but there is not yet consensus regarding the best way to accomplish this. A new report sheds light on this controversial topic by describing a new screening protocol that offers advantages over American Heart Association (AHA) recommendations and shows that the electrocardiogram (ECG) is the best single screening method.
Sex before sport doesn´t negatively impact performance07 de Outubro de 2016
Over the course of the Rio Olympics, 450,000 condoms were distributed around the athlete´s village. This may be surprising considering the common view that abstinence from sexual activity can boost athletic performance. These long-standing views have now been challenged by a recent analysis of current scientific evidence.
Nanoparticle injections may be future of osteoarthritis treatment07 de Outubro de 2016
Researchers have shown that they can inject nanoparticles into an injured joint and suppress inflammation immediately following an injury, reducing the destruction of cartilage and lowering the risk for osteoarthritis.
Minimalist shoes increase leg and foot muscles, study shows07 de Outubro de 2016
Running in minimalist shoes can increase leg and foot muscle volume, indicating its potential application in rehabilitation program, say researchers in a new report.
Evidence based Aspirin Guide app is now also available for Android and as web app for free24 de Setembro de 2016
One of the best medical apps released this year was from a Harvard team of researchers called Aspirin Guide. The medical app helps clinicians and patients weigh the benefits and risks of low dose aspirin for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in the primary prevention setting. Saiba mais
Review of ACLS Sim 2016 app, a case based method to learning code situations24 de Setembro de 2016
The latest entry into this increasingly crowded field of serious games is ACLS Sim 2016 from Anesoft. Founded in 1987 by a lawyer and an anesthesiologist, Anesoft has been making computer software for anesthesia simulation and code management for decades. The company also makes a number of apps that utilize the same technology as their computer software. Anesoft has published a number of studies showing positive outcomes from the use of their software in anesthesia, ACLS and PALS codes.
Rate of injuries among youth soccer players doubled, new study finds24 de Setembro de 2016
From 1990 through 2014, the number of soccer-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the US each year increased by 78 percent and the yearly rate of injuries increased by 111 percent among youth 7-17 years of age, a new article reports.
You can´t blame your genes if you don´t lose weight, study finds21 de Setembro de 2016
You might be able to blame your genes for weighing more and increasing your risk of obesity, but you can no longer blame your genes for failing to lose weight, a comprehensive study has found.
Training during first half of menstrual cycle most efficient21 de Setembro de 2016
When during the menstrual cycle is it advantageous to periodize your strength training? Results of a new study show that training that is concentrated to the first two week of the cycle have more of an effect on muscular strength, power and muscle mass. The study is a part of a dissertation that also shows that periodic training could be implemented without any female specific exercise-related complications and was perceived positively by participants.
Laughter-based exercise program has health benefits, study finds16 de Setembro de 2016
Incorporating laughter into a physical activity program that is focused on strength, balance and flexibility could improve older adults’ mental health, aerobic endurance and confidence in their ability to exercise, according to a study.
More than just a cue, intrinsic reward helps make exercise a habit16 de Setembro de 2016
Anyone who has tried sticking to an exercise routine knows it isn´t easy. But the combination of a conditioned cue and intrinsic reward may be the key to developing an exercise habit, according to a new study.
Eating your greens could enhance sport performance16 de Setembro de 2016
Nitrate supplementation in conjunction with Sprint Interval Training in low oxygen conditions could enhance sport performance a study has found. Nitrate is commonly found in diets rich in leafy green foods, like spinach and is important for the functioning of the human body, especially during exercising.
The impact of extreme exercise on breathing in GB Olympic boxers and swimmers09 de Setembro de 2016
Researchers investigated elite British athletes from both swimming and boxing and their research suggests asthma related breathing problems should not be a barrier to sporting success, as long as they are well managed and controlled.
Prevention programs significantly reduce ankle injuries in soccer athletes09 de Setembro de 2016
Injuries to the lower extremities are the most common in soccer. Now research demonstrates that prevention programs are effective at reducing the risk of ankle injuries by 40 percent in soccer players.
Immersion pulmonary edema may cause swimming deaths during triathlons09 de Setembro de 2016
Heart abnormalities linked to immersion pulmonary edema were present in a greater-than-expected proportion of triathletes who died during the competition´s swim portion, according to a study.
Extra physical education classes may benefit bone health in girls, study shows09 de Setembro de 2016
A long-term study carried out in four Swedish schools evaluated whether extra physical education classes (200 minutes weekly as opposed to 60 minutes weekly) would have an impact on bone parameters in growing children. The seven-year study specifically measured the impact of school-based exercise on tibia cortical bone mass distribution, finding that the extra activity time saw significant bone benefits in girls.
Perception of Athletic Trainers Regarding the Clinical Burden of, and Reporting Practices for, Overuse Injuries09 de Setembro de 2016
Injury surveillance data suggest that fewer than 30% of collegiate sports injuries involve overuse mechanisms.
Female triathletes at higher risk for pelvic floor disorders28 de Agosto de 2016
Female triathletes are at a higher risk for several health issues, including pelvic floor disorders, new research indicates. Researchers conducted an internet survey of 311 self-identified female triathletes. Results showed a significant prevalence of pelvic floor disorders, with urinary incontinences (37.4 percent) and anal incontinence (28.0 percent) being the most common.
Moderate physical activity linked with 50 percent reduction in cardiovascular death in over-65s The cardiovascular risks of modern life28 de Agosto de 2016
Moderate physical activity is associated with a greater than 50 percent reduction in cardiovascular death in over-65s, according to research. The 12-year study in nearly 2,500 adults aged 65 to 74 years found that moderate physical activity reduced the risk of an acute cardiovascular event by more than 30 percent. High levels of physical activity led to greater risk reductions.
Study to explore the scale of physical activity, nutritional health messaging at major sporting events28 de Agosto de 2016
An international consortium is examining how physical activity and nutritional health messages are promoted in the run up to and during large-scale sporting events.
Scientists challenge recommendation that men with more muscle need more protein27 de Agosto de 2016
Sports nutrition recommendations may undergo a significant shift after new research has found individuals with more muscle mass do not need more protein after resistance exercise.
How Exercise Keeps Your DNA Young26 de Agosto de 2016
A new study reveals how exercise may be another way to combat aging
To stay young, you have to keep your cells young, and what dictates a cell´s age is its DNA. Too many cycles of dividing can trigger the aging process, until eventually the cell peters out and stops dividing altogether.
Replacing just one sugary drink with water could significantly improve health20 de Agosto de 2016
New study findings modeled the effect of replacing one 8-ounce sugar-sweetened beverage with an 8-ounce serving of water, based on the daily dietary intake of US adults aged 19 and older, retrieved from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys.
Swimming is an effective part of the treatment for fibromyalgia, study suggests20 de Agosto de 2016
Swimming is as effective as walking to relieve pain and improve quality of life for patients with fibromyalgia, that experience chronic diffuse non-inflammatory pain in the musculoskeletal system deriving from malfunctioning of the system that transmits and modulates the transmission of nervous stimuli between the periphery of the body and the brain. The study involved 75 sedentary women who had fibromyalgia.
Free sports physicals reveal high rates of obesity in student athletes20 de Agosto de 2016
Student-athletes were found to have similar rates of obesity and high blood pressure readings as the general adolescent population.
Olympic stomach upsets: Leaky gut symdrome?20 de Agosto de 2016
A number of competitors at the Rio Olympics have reported stomach problems. Team GB officials have denied that athletes have fallen victim to food poisoning at the Olympic athletes´ village in Rio, despite a number complaining of upset stomachs. A gastro-intestinal expert suggests that the culprit may, in some cases, be `leaky gut´ syndrome.
Of mice and muscles: How do athletes endure their grueling runs, swims, and rides?20 de Agosto de 2016
As the Rio Olympic Games continue, many armchair spectators of the Games may be wondering: How do those athletes endure their grueling runs, swims, and rides?
Steroid treatments with fewer side effects?20 de Agosto de 2016
An improved therapy to replace essential steroids in the body is a step closer thanks to new research. The treatment could help people unable to produce a class of steroids called corticosteroids, which are involved in physiological processes including regulating metabolism and blood pressure, and helping the body to cope with physical stress. The therapy for people with adrenal gland disorders is expected to have fewer side effects than existing treatments.
Prolonged sitting: `Exercise does not offset health risks,´ say AHA20 de Agosto de 2016
Sedentary behavior can raise the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and other conditions, even among people who are physically active. This is according to a new scientific statement from the American Heart Association.
Children score low on cardiovascular health measures13 de Agosto de 2016
Most children are born with ideal cardiovascular health and promoting good heart health should begin at birth. While most children have ideal blood pressure, about 91 percent of American children have poor diets.
Does marriage affect drinking? A new study provides insights13 de Agosto de 2016
Are you more or less likely to drink often and heavily when in a relationship? That may depend on the relationship.
Believe it or not: Exercise does more good if you believe it will13 de Agosto de 2016
People benefit more from exercise when they believe it will have a positive effect, new research indicates. A psychologist and his team have conducted a study demonstrating that test subjects derive more psychological as well as neurophysiological benefits from exercise if they already have positive mindsets about sports. Moreover, the team provided evidence that test subjects can be positively or negatively influenced in this regard before engaging in the exercise.
The dangers of physical inactivity revisited in 45-year study29 de Julho de 2016
A study, stretching over almost half a century, shows that physical inactivity is second only to smoking as a risk factor for mortality.
Ketone drink gives competitive cyclists a boost by altering their metabolism29 de Julho de 2016
A drink developed for soldiers to generate energy from ketones allowed highly trained cyclists to add up to 400 meters of distance to their workouts, a new study reports. The supplement, which will be commercially available within the year, works by temporarily switching the primary source of cellular energy from glucose or fat to ketones -- molecules derived from fat that are known to be elevated in people consuming a low-carb, Atkins-like diet.
Brain changes after menopause may lead to lack of physical activity29 de Julho de 2016
Researchers have found a connection between lack of ovarian hormones and changes in the brain´s pleasure center, a hotspot in the brain that processes and reinforces messages related to reward, pleasure, activity and motivation for physical exercise. Findings suggest that activation of brain receptors in that part of the brain may serve as a future treatment to improve motivation for physical activity in postmenopausal women.
Sustainable sensors to detect, predict muscle fatigue29 de Julho de 2016
A new study aims to take advantage of sweat´s trove of medical information through the development of a sustainable, wearable sensor to detect lactate levels in your perspiration.
An hour of moderate exercise a day enough to counter health risks from prolonged sitting29 de Julho de 2016
The health risks associated with sitting for eight or more hours a day -- whether at work, home or commuting -- can be eliminated with an hour or more of physical activity a day, according to a new study.
Novel biomarkers can help detect illegal blood doping in athletes24 de Julho de 2016
Increasing oxygen delivery to muscles can help athletes perform better and give them the edge needed to win elite competitions. This can be done through illegal `blood doping´: undergoing a blood transfusion for extra red blood cells to boosts oxygen levels. While some transfusions are identifiable with current testing methods, autologous blood transfusion (ABT) is not. A new report looks at novel biomarkers to identify potential new testing protocols for ABT.
Brains of college athletes with prior concussion show physical changes months, years later22 de Julho de 2016
University athletes with a history of concussion had changes in the size, blood flow and connections in their brains months and even years after the injury -- changes not seen in athletes without prior concussions, a new study has found.
Wrist fractures linked to poor balance in elderly patients22 de Julho de 2016
Elderly patients suffering a low energy wrist (distal radius) fracture are more likely to have difficulties with balance, placing them at risk for future injuries, according to a new study.
Single dose protects cognitive function after mild traumatic brain injury16 de Julho de 2016
A new molecule could protect the brain from cognitive impairments after a mild traumatic brain injury, according to scientists. Mild traumatic brain injury, or mTBI, is especially common in children, athletes, and the elderly. Further studies could establish the potential for a single dose of TXM-peptides to prevent damage if administered even one hour after brain trauma.
Exercise in pregnancy `good for mom and baby´16 de Julho de 2016
The traditional view was that women should avoid exercise during pregnancy because of the risk of preterm birth. However, views have changed. Now, a new study that reviews and analyzes the evidence, confirms what many studies have found - exercise during pregnancy is safe and can benefit both mother and baby.
Memory improved by protein released in response to running16 de Julho de 2016
A number of studies have suggested exercise can boost cognitive function, but the underlying mechanisms of this association have been unclear. Now, new research sheds light on how running can improve learning and memory.
Osteochondral allograft transplantation effective for treating knee cartilage injuries15 de Julho de 2016
For athletes and highly active patients who sustain cartilage injuries to their knee, an osteochondral allograft transplantation can be a successful treatment option, according to new research. The study showed these patients were consistently able to return to sport or recreational activities after the surgery, though frequently at a lower activity level.
Walking meetings could brings longer and healthier lives to office workers12 de Julho de 2016
Changing just one seated meeting per week at work into a walking meeting increased the work-related physical activity levels of white-collar workers by 10 minutes, according to a new study. The study suggests a possible new health promotion approach to improving the health of millions of white-collar workers who spend most of their workdays sitting in chairs.
Consuming probiotics promotes weight loss, reduces BMI12 de Julho de 2016
Consuming probiotics, so-called ‘good bacteria’, can reduce body weight and body mass index (BMI) according to a new meta-analysis.
More frequent exercise therapy benefits bone strength in very low weight pre-term infants08 de Julho de 2016
A new study investigated whether increasing the frequency of physical activity intervention to twice daily has a greater effect on bone strength compared to a once daily intervention or no intervention at all. The findings demonstrate that the bone mass response to exercise in very low birth weight pre-term infants is dose-related.
Science could help search for the next tennis champions08 de Julho de 2016
Grouping young tennis players according to their physical maturity rather than their chronological age could help us develop future tennis champions.
The 5K, Not The Marathon, Is The Ideal Race08 de Julho de 2016
On a recent business trip, I asked the concierge at my hotel for advice about where to go running. “Are you training for a marathon?” he asked. Nope. I’m racing 5Ks, I told him. He gave me a puzzled look that said, but you look like a serious runner.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy under-appreciated cause of sudden cardiac death in male minority athletes02 de Julho de 2016
Key data from the U.S. National Registry of Sudden Death in Athletes reveal important insights, according to a new report.
Rio athletes may benefit from `leaky gut´ therapy02 de Julho de 2016
`Leaky gut´ is a condition where the thin mucosal barrier of the gut, which plays a role in absorbing nutrients and preventing large molecules and germs from the gut entering the blood stream, becomes less effective. It is a particular problem for those taking part in heavy exercise or who are active in hot conditions. New research suggests a simple dietary supplement could help.
In first-ever survey, 36 percent of water polo players report concussions02 de Julho de 2016
A first-of-its-kind survey has confirmed what some water polo players -- especially goalies -- have long suspected: concussions seem to be prevalent in the sport.
Physical activity boosts kids´ brain power, academic prowess02 de Julho de 2016
Exercise boosts kids´ and young people´s brain power and academic prowess, experts say, adding that time taken away from lessons for it is time well spent.
Exercise may have therapeutic potential for expediting muscle repair in older populations25 de Junho de 2016
Here´s another reason why you should hit the gym regularly as you grow older: a new report shows that regular exercise plays a critical role in helping muscles repair themselves as quickly as possible after injury. After only eight weeks of exercise, old mice experienced faster muscle repair and regained more muscle mass than those of the same age that had not exercised.
Primary care physicians primed to help patients be more active23 de Junho de 2016
Exercise plays a crucial role in being healthy and preventing disease. Because of their close relationship to patients, primary care physicians (PCPs) can act as a catalyst to help people be more active through physical activity counseling; however, doctors often encounter barriers to being able to properly address inactivity. A new paper offers PCPs implementable strategies to break down those barriers and help their patients get more exercise.
Running releases protein associated with improved memory in mice23 de Junho de 2016
The reason why treadmill training can boost memory recall remains an active area of investigation. A couple of proteins have been shown to fuel exercise-induced neuron growth, but a new study presents a new candidate, cathepsin B -- one that can be directly traced from the muscles to the brain in mice. Also, after a run, protein levels increased in blood in mice, monkeys, and humans.
Chronic sleep restriction negatively affects athletic performance20 de Junho de 2016
A new study found that chronic sleep restriction negatively affects athletic performance. Results show that following sleep restriction, energy expenditure during submaximal exercise decreased 3.9 percent; maximal aerobic power decreased 2.9 percent and time to exhaustion decreased by 10.7 percent (37 seconds). Submaximal heart rate decreased after sleep restriction, as well as peak heart rate and Psychomotor Vigilance Test response speed.
15 minutes daily exercise may be reasonable target in older adults20 de Junho de 2016
Fifteen minutes of daily exercise is associated with a 22 percent lower risk of death and may be a reasonable target for older adults, reveals new research.
Dr. Andy Franklyn-Miller: Review19 de Junho de 2016
Sign up for a free email review of the latest Sports Medicine, Sports Science, Rehabilitation and Strength and Conditioning Research. Each week Andy selects 4 papers and summarises them for you, with a personal critique. You can access the paper itself or just the summary and debate.
Sports practice accounts for just one percent of the performance differences among elite athletes19 de Junho de 2016
Among elite athletes, practice accounts for a scant 1 percent of the difference in their performances—and starting sports at an early age does not necessarily provide athletes an upper hand—according to new research.
Overeating may cause more eating by cutting off fullness signal19 de Junho de 2016
Overeating can lead to more eating, setting up a vicious cycle that promotes obesity. Now, a new study suggests one way this cycle works is that when the gut senses too many calories, it shuts off a hormone that tells the brain we are full.
How your parenting style affects your child´s future19 de Junho de 2016
Scientists have released survey results showing that children who receive positive attention and care from their parents tend to have high incomes, high happiness levels, academic success, and a strong sense of morality.
As Olympics near, study finds low levels of physical activity in Brazil15 de Junho de 2016
Physical activity provides Brazilians with significant cardio-metabolic health benefits, but reports that fewer than three in 10 participants are active, a large study confirms.
Broken calorie sensing pathway: How overeating may lead to more eating15 de Junho de 2016
Overeating reduces levels of a hormone that signals the feeling of fullness in the brain, potentially promoting more eating, new research indicates.
Sports practice accounts for just one percent of the performance differences among elite athletes11 de Junho de 2016
Among elite athletes, practice accounts for a scant 1 percent of the difference in their performances—and starting sports at an early age does not necessarily provide athletes an upper hand—according to new research.
Fruit compounds could help treat obesity, type 2 diabetes, and CVD11 de Junho de 2016
A daily supplement consisting of compounds derived from red grapes and oranges could offer a promising new treatment for obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. This is the conclusion of a new study by researchers from the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom.
Friday Feedback: Should Nation Be Sweet on a Soda Tax? It worked for cigarettes -- why not for sugary drinks?05 de Junho de 2016
A health policy scholar at Duke University says that the soda tax recently enacted in Berkeley, Calif., is likely to be broadly replicated in the not-too-distant future, arguing that such taxes will bring substantial health and economic benefits.
Use of neighborhood environment can help overweight adolescents increase physical activity Use of local parks, playgrounds may help build habits for a lifetime05 de Junho de 2016
A program encouraging overweight or obese adolescents to increase their physical activity through use of their everyday environment, rather than organized classes or sports programs, produced significant increases in daily physical activity that were sustained for at least three to four months.
Dark chocolate: a boost for athletes´ performance?04 de Junho de 2016
Too sporty to indulge in chocolate? Think again, says research published in The Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. The findings suggest that a little dark chocolate may improve performance in fitness training.
Viagra relieves life-threatening condition in swimmers and divers04 de Junho de 2016
A small dose of Viagra could save the lives of swimmers and divers who experience an abrupt and potentially life-threatening form of pulmonary edema on entering cold water, says research published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.
Is endurance training bad for you? Sports medicine physicians find no evidence of heart damage from long-term endurance training by elite master athletes04 de Junho de 2016
In 2012, Belgian scientists published a study that concluded that repeated bouts of intensive endurance exercise at the elite level may result in the pathological enlargement of the right ventricle, which, according to the article, is associated with potential health hazards including sudden cardiac death. The publication was the cause of considerable debate among experts in the medical and sports communities. Sports medicine physicians have now tested the conclusions of the 2012 study by examining the hearts of elite master endurance athletes. Their findings refute the hypothesis proposed by their Belgian colleagues.
Childhood fitness reduces long-term cardiovascular risks of childhood obesity29 de Maio de 2016
Aerobic exercise may reduce the long-term health risks of childhood obesity, new research suggests. The work found that higher aerobic fitness in childhood, independent of abdominal fat, reduced the risk of developing metabolic syndrome in early adulthood by 36 percent compared to those with lower childhood fitness levels.
Wearable fitness monitors don´t motivate exercise says study29 de Maio de 2016
The results of a new study on physical activity have researchers asking what in the world will it take to get people moving. It looks like even wearing a fitness monitor isn´t enough to do the trick.Saiba mais
Hearing snap, crackle, pop may help heal your knee Acoustic engineering transcribes crackling knee sounds into moving graph28 de Maio de 2016
New acoustic device research reveals that even a healthy knee makes cringe-worthy sounds. But the audio can be turned into graphs, and researchers hope they will some day become medically useful.
Can a healthy lifestyle prevent cancer?20 de Maio de 2016
A large proportion of cancer cases and deaths among U.S. individuals who are white might be prevented if people quit smoking, avoided heavy drinking, maintained a BMI between 18.5 and 27.5, and got moderate weekly exercise for at least 150 minutes or vigorous exercise for at least 75 minutes, according to a new study.
Regular exercise at any age might stave off Alzheimer´s Fitness level correlates with increased blood flow to essential areas of brain20 de Maio de 2016
Research has demonstrated a positive correlation between fitness and blood flow to areas of the brain where the hallmark tangles and plaques of Alzheimer´s disease (AD) pathology are usually first detected, indicating a possibility that regular exercise could stave off AD symptoms.
Using exercise to reduce glutamate build-up in the brain Exercise could reduce symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington´s disease20 de Maio de 2016
Exercise has the potential to decrease toxic build-up in the brain, reducing the severity of brain disorders such as Huntington´s disease, report scientists.
Regular physical activity is `magic bullet´ for pandemics of obesity, cardiovascular disease16 de Maio de 2016
The statistics on regular physical activity in the U.S. are bleak; only about 20 percent of Americans engage in recommended levels of regular physical activity and about 64 percent never do any physical activity.
Youth sports hazing victims often in denial, research shows16 de Maio de 2016
The true incidence of hazing in youth sports is unknown because victims don´t report the mistreatment or fail to recognize it as hazing, according to a review of scientific literature on the subject.
Repetitive, subconcussive head impacts from football associated with short-term changes in eye function15 de Maio de 2016
In a study that included 29 NCAA football players, repetitive subconcussive impacts were associated with changes in near point of convergence (NPC) ocular-motor function among players in the higher-impact group, although NPC was normalized after a 3-week rest period, according to a new study. The NPC measures the closest point to which one can maintain convergence (simultaneous inward movement of eyes toward each other) while focusing on an object before diplopia (double vision) occurs.
Early walking in toddlers linked to stronger bones15 de Maio de 2016
Children who start to walk and jump earlier are more likely to have stronger bones later on in life, research shows.
Study of elite paralympic athletes supports benefits of exercise for children with cerebral palsy15 de Maio de 2016
Turn up the heat to increase altitude tolerance Heat-based exercises can help athletes undergoing altitude training06 de Maio de 2016
Simple heat-based exercise can be just as effective as low-oxygen training to improve physical performance and altitude tolerance, new study reveals. The new work suggests that heat-based exercise can offer a more efficient means of improving altitude tolerance and physical performance than normobaric altitude training can provide.
Extended rest between weight-lifting sets could help muscle growth06 de Maio de 2016
Researchers have found that extended rest intervals between sets of weight-lifting could help with muscle growth.
Heavy body shape across lifespan associated with highest mortality06 de Maio de 2016
People who are lean for life have the lowest mortality, while those with a heavy body shape from childhood up to middle age have the highest mortality, reveal findings of a large study.
Simulations show how helmets would have protected bike crash victims´ brains01 de Maio de 2016
Bicycle helmets can reduce the risk of concussions by 54 percent, and drastically cut the risk of skull fractures, according to a study. To assess the impact on the brain, the researchers compared results of simulations with CT images, in which bleeding was evident in the brains of the crash victims. Then, they conducted simulations with and without helmets to see what would happen.
Research shows certain genes, in healthy environments, can lengthen lifespan01 de Maio de 2016
Researchers have discovered how a gene in the brain´s dopamine system can play an important role in prolonging lifespan: it must be coupled with a healthy environment that includes exercise.
Women have problems sticking to cardiac rehab programs Gender gap must be closed, say investigators01 de Maio de 2016
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of disability globally. Participation in cardiac rehabilitation programs is associated with significantly lower death, but evidence suggests that women are significantly less likely to stick to a cardiac rehabilitation program than men.
Exercise genes? Study suggests certain people with depression may benefit from exercise01 de Maio de 2016
Call it personalized medicine for depression -- but the prescription in this case is exercise, which researchers have found helps people with certain genetic traits.
Yoga may have health benefits for people with asthma01 de Maio de 2016
A new review suggests that yoga may have a beneficial effect on symptoms and quality of life in people with asthma, but effects on lung function and medication use are uncertain.
Strength training helps older adults live longer01 de Maio de 2016
Older adults who met twice-weekly strength training guidelines had lower odds of dying, a new analysis concludes. The study is the first to demonstrate the association in a large, nationally representative sample over an extended time period, particularly in an older population.
Antihistamines affect exercise recovery, may or may not be a problem Research identifies 3,000 genes that are busy after exercise, including 795 that are altered by strong doses of histamine blockers01 de Maio de 2016
- After vigorous exercise, some 3,000 genes go to work to aid recovery by boosting muscles and blood vessels, but in the presence of high doses of antihistamines almost 27 percent of the gene response is blunted, according to researchers.
Run for your life: Exercise protects against cancer01 de Maio de 2016
When you’re pounding along an icy pavement or sweating through a gym workout, you try to remind yourself of the many health benefits of exercise. Between gasps, you can say that a healthy, fit lifestyle helps prevents obesity, a worldwide problem of increasing magnitude that has been linked to cardiovascular disease and diabetes. But here’s one more—exercise may decrease cancer incidence and slow the growth rate of tumors.
Presently recommended exercise levels may be much more than needed for significant health benefits01 de Maio de 2016
International physical activity guidelines generally recommend 150 minutes a week of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity, but a critical review of the literature indicates that just half this level of activity may still lead to marked health benefits. They challenge physical activity and exercise guidelines development groups to update their recommendations to reflect the evidence.
Exercise Reduces Cardiovascular Risk Factors From Constant Stress01 de Maio de 2016
Constant stress is associated with signs of poor blood vessel health and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. New research finds that aerobic exercise kept the blood vessels of stressed rats working normally.
Abnormally low blood flow indicates damage to NFL players´ brains30 de Abril de 2016
The discovery of brain pathology through autopsy in former National Football League (NFL) players called chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) has raised substantial concern among players, medical professionals, and the general public about the impact of repetitive head trauma. Using sophisticated neuroimaging and analytics, researchers have now identified abnormal areas of low blood flow in living professional football players. These findings raises the potential for better diagnosis and treatment for persons with football related head trauma.
Estrogen-deficient female athletes´ memory improves with estrogen30 de Abril de 2016
In young female athletes who stop having their menstrual periods because of excessive exercise, estrogen replacement appears to improve their memory, a new study finds.
No time to get fit? Think again Just one minute of intense exercise produces significant health benefits30 de Abril de 2016
A single minute of very intense exercise produces health benefits similar to longer, traditional endurance training, new research indicates. The findings put to rest the common excuse for not getting in shape: there is not enough time.
Eating dark chocolate as a daily snack could help boost athletic performance23 de Abril de 2016
Dark chocolate has already been hailed for its positive effects on cardiovascular health – and now a new study has found the tasty treat could help give sports enthusiasts an extra edge in their fitness training.
The more you run, the denser your bones will be23 de Abril de 2016
Researchers have analyzed the effect of endurance running training on the stiffness index, a variable that is directly related to bone quality. The results confirm that the greater the race distance that is trained, the better; this can be used, therefore, to prevent the progressive decline in bone mineral density that occurs with age. In healthy individuals, bone quality – chiefly determined by bone mineral density – depends on factors such as sex, age, race and diet. It can be modified, however, by making life style changes -for instance by doing regular exercise.
Paper tape can help prevent foot blisters, study shows23 de Abril de 2016
Researchers followed ultra-marathon runners around the world to test whether low-cost paper tape could reduce debilitating and painful blisters. Turns out they can, the researchers report.
Do more uphill sprints! Higher anaerobic fitness gives edge to mountain ultra-marathon runners23 de Abril de 2016
New research suggests a runner´s pre-race anaerobic fitness capacity may be a key factor in determining who will have the fastest finishing times during grueling 50 km (31 mile) mountain ultramarathons.
Composição da nova Diretoria da Sociedade Mineira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte - SMEXE.23 de Abril de 2016
Foto divulgada no Jornal da Associação Médica de Minas Gerais - AMMGSaiba mais
Screening young athletes to prevent sudden cardiac arrest not proven to save lives22 de Abril de 2016
Young athletes should not undergo screening to prevent sudden cardiac arrest because it is not proven to save lives, suggests an analysis of the available evidence, adding that the harms outweigh any benefits.
New guidance on preventing sudden cardiac death in athletes published22 de Abril de 2016
A new consensus statement establishes guidance for conducting pre-participation screenings of college athletes and encourages emergency action plans for quickly responding to sudden cardiac arrest.
Fresh fruit associated with lower risk of heart attack and stroke Study of 500,000 Chinese adults confirms benefits of eating fruit09 de Abril de 2016
People who eat fresh fruit on most days are at lower risk of heart attack and stroke than people who rarely eat fresh fruit, according to new research. The findings come from a seven-year study of half a million adults in China, where fresh fruit consumption is much lower than in countries like the UK or US.
Skateboarding sent about 176 youth to US emergency departments every day09 de Abril de 2016
A study examined data for youth and adolescents 5-19 years of age who were treated in US emergency departments (EDs) for skateboarding-related injuries from 1990-2008. Nationally, over the 19-year period, there was an average of 64,572 children and adolescents treated each year for skateboarding-related injuries -- about 176 a day.
Would changing gait pattern decrease your likelihood of running injuries?09 de Abril de 2016
Are runners less injury-prone trekking barefoot than in pricey running shoes? Maybe, according to a new literature review. Advances in running shoe technology in the last 40 years have not reduced injuries, but racing `barefoot´ in shoes with minimal cushioning could help runners change their strides and landing patterns to prevent repetitive heel pain and stress fractures.
Move over, polar bear plunge: Ice swimming is next big extreme winter water sport09 de Abril de 2016
Hundreds of athletes around the globe are competing in one-mile ice swims. Performance and human physiological response in water 5 degrees Celsius or less has not been well-studied. Researchers will present new data on how age, gender and environmental factors such as wind chill affect ice swimming performance.
Exercise keeps muscles, and you, young02 de Abril de 2016
The “secret” to staying strong as we age has been discovered by a researcher: superb fitness. A new study found that elderly people who were elite athletes in their youth or later in life – and who still compete as masters athletes — have much healthier muscles at the cellular level compared to those of non-athletes.
Are you what you sweat? The importance of electrolyte concentration in perspiration02 de Abril de 2016
Researchers have analyzed how the sodium lost through sweat during a marathon influences the maintenance of stable and physiologically sound conditions that allow the body to carry out its functions. Excessive electrolyte loss may lead to a medical problem known as hyponatraemia.
Training to prevent strain injury? Contraction mode matters02 de Abril de 2016
Hamstring injuries are the most common noncontact injury in elite sport. Despite increased research efforts, these injury rates continue to rise. Recent evidence has shown that short muscle fiber lengths can increase the risk of hamstring injury in elite soccer players. This study aimed to see how fascicle lengths change following training interventions of either lengthening or shortening contractions.
Football training reduces the risk of disease in elderly men02 de Abril de 2016
Long-term recreational football training produces a number of marked improvements in health profile for 63-75 year old untrained men -- including a reduced risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and diabetes -- research shows.
Warning: High-intensity training could hurt you if you´re not an athlete24 de Março de 2016
High-intensity `sprint training´ may be gaining popularity at gyms, but if you´re new to this form of exercise, the workout could do more harm than good. A study has found signs of stress in the muscle tissues of their non-athlete, untrained subjects after ultra-intense leg and arm cycling exercises. Perhaps more concerning, researchers reported the untrained subjects had a weakened ability to fight off free radicals, molecules that can alter DNA and harm healthy cells.
Return to play rates high among NCAA Division I female soccer players after ACL reconstruction24 de Março de 2016
Investigators of this study found high return-to-play rates after ACL reconstruction among collegiate female soccer players, especially those with athletic scholarships and those who underwent reconstruction early in their career.
Why are women more prone to knee injuries than men?24 de Março de 2016
Women who take the birth control pill, which lessen and stabilize estrogen levels, were less likely to suffer serious knee injuries, new research indicates.
Widespread use of meldonium among elite athletes, research shows Up to 490 athletes may have been taking meldonium during Baku 2015 European Games18 de Março de 2016
The use of meldonium--the substance taken by tennis star Maria Sharapova--is widespread among elite athletes, reveals research published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
New pain relief technique for ACL knee surgery preserves muscle strength New technique, called an adductor canal block, freezes nerves at the mid-thigh18 de Março de 2016
Anesthesiologists can significantly reduce loss of muscle strength in ACL knee surgery patients using a new pain management technique, a new study has found.
How to predict pediatric post-concussion symptoms18 de Março de 2016
A new study based on the largest prospective cohort of children with concussion in the world introduces a validated clinical prediction score that will help health providers and researchers to predict the duration of pediatric concussion symptoms.
Being short or overweight linked to reduced life chances Findings have important social and health implications09 de Março de 2016
Being a short man or an overweight woman is associated with lower chances in life in areas such as education, occupation, and income, concludes a new study.
Can yoga help those experiencing depression, anxiety or PTSD? Potential benefits of yoga for people who experience mental health problems related to trauma09 de Março de 2016
Across the country, health and human service providers have shown a growing interest in using yoga as an option for treating people who experience mental health problems. But a recent study has found that while there are some promising benefits to using yoga, there isn´t yet enough evidence to support the practice as a standalone solution for improving mental health and well-being.
Cardiac effects of running your first marathon examined in new study03 de Março de 2016
Novice marathon runners will be examined in a new study for possible beneficial or harmful cardiac changes by researchers in a new study that hopes to understand the effects of intensive exercise on those not used to it.
The `transparent´ man: Nerve ultrasound allows the exact diagnosis and therapy of injuries to the nerves03 de Março de 2016
Nerve ultrasound has rapidly developed into becoming a more precise and easily applied diagnosis tool. People suffering from injuries of peripheral nerves and require reconstructive plastic surgery often have a long history of woe and many operations behind them. Today, with nerve ultrasound, this time of woe can be extremely truncated, as the ultrasound-supported view into the neural pathways helps to take more precise and faster measures during diagnosis as well as therapy.
Study examines heart structure, function of NBA players28 de Fevereiro de 2016
An analysis of the cardiac structure and function of more than 500 National Basketball Association (NBA) players provides information that can be incorporated into clinical assessments for the prevention of cardiac emergencies in basketball players and the athletic community at large, according to a study.
Researchers use Botox-like injection to treat runners, cyclists with knee pain28 de Fevereiro de 2016
A painful knee condition that affects more than one in eight active people has been treated effectively with a botulinum toxin injection and physiotherapy.
High levels of intense exercise may be unhealthy for the heart More research needed into the effect of intense exercise on heart structure and function28 de Fevereiro de 2016
There is growing evidence that high levels of intense exercise may be cardiotoxic and promote permanent structural changes in the heart, which can, in some individuals, predispose them to experience arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythm). A review explores current controversies and makes the case for investing in large prospective research studies into the effect of intense exercise on heart structure and function.
Parental pressure pushes young athletes to doping28 de Fevereiro de 2016
Pressure to be perfect from parents makes young male athletes positive about doping, research from England shows. The research indicates that parental pressure makes junior athletes more likely to use banned substances to enhance sporting performance. Because of the risks identified in the findings, authors suggest anti-doping programs should target junior athletes early in their sporting careers, and that parents should be made of the potential consequences of such pressure.
How the body recovers from an ultramarathon24 de Fevereiro de 2016
Ultramarathon runners can expect an approximate five-to-seven-day subjective recovery post race, according to new research. The study also looked at factors that affect physical recovery and a runner’s ability to return to full running speed after participation in an ultramarathon.
Researchers use Botox-like injection to treat runners, cyclists with knee pain24 de Fevereiro de 2016
A painful knee condition that affects more than one in eight active people has been treated effectively with a botulinum toxin injection and physiotherapy.
Correr faz cérebro criar novos neurônios; levantar peso, não24 de Fevereiro de 2016
Se você está a fim de exercitar o cérebro, mas não quer enfiar a cara nos livros, aí vai uma sugestão: corra. E, olha, óbvio que se for para uma biblioteca isso pode ser ótimo para a educação, mas, no caso, o seu destino nem é tão importante assim. O principal aqui é que você use a corrida como exercício.
Strength development during puberty may be the key to knee injuries in young women18 de Fevereiro de 2016
Young women demonstrate less strength and neuromuscular control after puberty, and this may make them particularly susceptible to Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries, according to new research. The findings of this study suggest early strength training could help prevent this common knee injury that can often have a significant, long-term impact on musculoskeletal health and physical function.
Leadership study hints that age beats height17 de Fevereiro de 2016
When it comes to good leadership at the Olympic level, age trumps physical stature, new research indicates. The work analyzed the height and weight data of 2,801 athletes at the 2012 London Olympic and Paralympic Games across a range of team sports, including basketball, football, wheelchair rugby and hockey.
Management of Exercise-Induced Laryngeal Obstruction in an Anaerobic Athlete: A Case Review17 de Fevereiro de 2016
A female intercollegiate basketball player with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction was instructed on resisted inspiration breathing exercises and treated for allergies and reflux.
Eating breakfast could help obese people get more active15 de Fevereiro de 2016
Eating breakfast causes obese people to be more active, according to new research. The study analyzed the links between breakfast and health for individuals classed as `obese´, comparing the results from a fasting group with a breakfasting group.
High-cholesterol diet, eating eggs do not increase risk of heart attack, not even in persons genetically predisposed, study finds15 de Fevereiro de 2016
A new study shows that a relatively high intake of dietary cholesterol, or eating one egg every day, are not associated with an elevated risk of incident coronary heart disease. Furthermore, no association was found among those with the APOE4 phenotype, which affects cholesterol metabolism and is common among the Finnish population. In the majority of population, dietary cholesterol affects serum cholesterol levels only a little, and few studies have linked the intake of dietary cholesterol to an elevated risk of cardiovascular diseases. Globally, many nutrition recommendations no longer set limitations to the intake of dietary cholesterol.
Power walk: Footsteps could charge mobile electronics13 de Fevereiro de 2016
When you are on the go and your smartphone battery is low, in the not-so-distant future you could charge it simply by plugging it into your shoe.
ABCD publica Lista Proibida 2016 da WADA-AMA em português13 de Fevereiro de 2016
A Lista de Substâncias e Métodos Proibidos da Agência Mundial Antidopagem - WADA-AMA, que entra em vigor no dia 1º de janeiro de 2016, está no site da ABCD - Autoridade Brasileira de Controle de Dopagem (www.abcd.gov.br), em português.
Supportive shoes a confusing term, runner attitude study finds12 de Fevereiro de 2016
New running shoes to burn off Christmas excess are a popular purchase in the New Year, but the terms associated with supportive footwear and alternative styles of running can be confusing, a new study has found.
Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men12 de Fevereiro de 2016
Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass. The study found that individuals who continuously participated in high-impact activities, such as jogging and tennis, during adolescence and young adulthood, had greater hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density than those who did not.
Exercise and meditation together help beat depression10 de Fevereiro de 2016
A mind and body combination of exercise and meditation, done twice a week for only two months, reduced the symptoms for a group of students by 40 percent.
Link between stress fracture injuries, genes found10 de Fevereiro de 2016
Researchers have successfully identified how certain genes can contribute towards a person´s susceptibility to stress fracture injuries. This research provides a platform for further research into providing a personalized health approach to this common sports injury.Saiba mais
The Best Medical Apps Released in 2015 for iPhone & Android04 de Fevereiro de 2016
There are thousands of new medical apps released each year. And every year, the physician editors at iMedicalApps sort through the year’s new crop of apps and pick the best medical apps. This year, we picked a group of medical apps that were innovative, filled important needs, and offered really valuable resources for clinicians as well as patients. And somewhat surprisingly, the majority of them were free.
Let them see you sweat: What new wearable sensors can reveal from perspiration03 de Fevereiro de 2016
Engineers have developed the first fully integrated electronic system that can provide continuous, noninvasive monitoring of multiple biochemicals in sweat. The advance opens doors to wearable devices that alert users to health problems such as fatigue, dehydration and dangerously high body temperatures.
Depressive symptoms prevalent among Division I college athletes01 de Fevereiro de 2016
Nearly a quarter of Division I college athletes reported depressive symptoms while enrolled at a liberal arts university on the East Coast, says a new study. Women were almost two times more likely to experience symptoms than their male peers.
Sedentary lifestyle spells more menopause misery29 de Janeiro de 2016
Sedentary middle-aged Hispanic women in Latin America have significantly worse menopause symptoms than their active counterparts, shows a study of more than 6,000 women across Latin America. The analysis also linked sedentary lifestyle with depression, anxiety, insomnia, and obesity.
Why you won´t lose weight with exercise alone29 de Janeiro de 2016
Exercise by itself isn´t always enough to take off the weight. Now, evidence helps to explain why that is: our bodies adapt to higher activity levels, so that people don´t necessarily burn extra calories even if they exercise more.
Playing american football may be a risk factor for hypertension, researchers suggest17 de Janeiro de 2016
As National Football League playoff games are underway, a new article suggests that the toll the sport takes on players´ bodies extends beyond head trauma and damage to limbs and joints. The trauma and damage associated with football participation may also be linked to elevations in blood pressure through immune system activation and inflammation.
Is your child´s achy back more than just growing pains? Nearly one in three adolescents report back pain17 de Janeiro de 2016
It´s becoming more common for children and adolescents to seek medical care for back pain. Even with expensive, advanced tests like MRI scans, doctors may not be able to find the exact cause for the pain, say experts.
Presenter notes open tennis elbow release simple compared with arthroscopy17 de Janeiro de 2016
WAIKOLOA, Hawaii — Compared with arthroscopic tennis elbow release, open tennis elbow release proved to be an easier and faster procedure, according to a presenter here.
Still a champion runner at 80: Do elite athletes have an anti-aging secret in their muscles?03 de Janeiro de 2016
Elite runners do not experience the muscle weakening associated with aging as non-athletes do. A new study examines if their superb fitness is because their muscles have not aged.
Intensive training affects the sleep, performance and mood of athletes, but more carbs may help02 de Janeiro de 2016
Getting enough sleep is an essential part of any athlete´s training program, but a new study reveals intensive bouts of exercise can make it hard to get 40 winks. Suspecting that intense exercise can lead to sleep disturbance, scientists studied the effects of two nine day periods of heavy training on 13 highly trained cyclists. The researchers monitored the athletes´ moods, sleep patterns and performance before, during and after exercise.
Early-life exercise alters gut microbes, promotes healthy brain and metabolism02 de Janeiro de 2016
The human gut harbors a teeming menagerie of over 100 trillion microorganisms, and researchers have discovered that exercising early in life can alter that microbial community for the better, promoting healthier brain and metabolic activity over the course of a lifetime.
Making bicycling safer for kids with ADHD20 de Dezembro de 2015
Researchers hope new avenues of study about why children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder have more accidents while crossing the street on their bicycles will help parents teach their children to better navigate busy intersections.
New statistics show one of every three US deaths caused by cardiovascular disease20 de Dezembro de 2015
One of every three deaths in the US in 2013 was from heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, while heart disease and stroke were the number one and number two killers worldwide, according to a new report.
Sleep improves with weight loss through diet changes20 de Dezembro de 2015
Sleep, at any weight, can be improved with weight loss due to dietary changes, according to recent study findings published in Sleep.
AAOS releases criteria for treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle20 de Dezembro de 2015
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has released appropriate use criteria to assist in the treatment and rehabilitation of osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle in pediatric patients.
Getting the most from your stretching routine13 de Dezembro de 2015
The conclusions of a systematic review of hundreds of studies contradict the most common static stretching findings from the last 15 years. This research reviews hundreds of studies to determine best way to stretch to improve range of motion, prevent injury during sports and exercise.
New concussion treatment could change how head injuries are treated13 de Dezembro de 2015
The standard of care for acute concussion may undergo a dramatic change, depending on the results of a new exercise treatment that physicians have developed and begun testing. It is the first randomized, controlled clinical trial of this exercise treatment for concussion.
Scientists offer sweet solution to marathon fatigue05 de Dezembro de 2015
Health researchers have tested the effect of different energy drinks in staving off tiredness. Their findings reveal the importance of sucrose for endurance sports.
Wearable equipment supports human motion where and when needed: Easier, faster, stronger, and more enjoyable04 de Dezembro de 2015
A new model of pneumatic muscle and an active type of assistive equipment incorporating this pneumatic muscle has been developed. This wearable equipment, called the Unplugged Powered Suit (UPS), supports human movement without requiring any electronic devices and tanks because it employs a newly developed pneumatic muscle named Pneumatic Gel Muscle (PGM) as an actuator. The UPS improves the quality of life of not only elderly individuals but also healthy people who enjoy sports activities.
A nova diretoria da SMEXE02 de Dezembro de 2015
É com muita satisfação que finalizamos o ciclo de 3 anos na presidência da Sociedade. Tenho plena confiança de que a próxima gestão da SMEXE, sob presidência do Dr. Sílvio Musman, será ainda mais produtiva e que juntos atingiremos patamares mais elevados dentro de nossa especialidade.
Childbirth an athletic event? Sports medicine used to diagnose injuries caused by deliveries02 de Dezembro de 2015
Childbirth is arguably the most traumatic event the human body can undergo, and new imaging techniques show that up to 15 percent of women sustain pelvic injuries that don´t heal.
Imaging identifies cartilage regeneration in long-distance runners02 de Dezembro de 2015
Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to new research.
Soccer strengthens bones of men with prostate cancer02 de Dezembro de 2015
Men with prostate cancer run the risk of brittle bones as a side-effect of their treatment. But one hour´s football training a few times a week counters many of the negative effects of the treatment, according to scientists.
Turma que fez o 3° Congresso Mineiro do Exercício e do Esporte se tornar realidade!29 de Novembro de 2015
A todos os diretores da SMEXE e membros da Sociedade dos acadêmicos de Medicina de Minas Gerais - SAMMG e da Liga de Ortopedia e Medicina do Esporte - LAOME.
`No place´ for genetic testing to spot young sporting talent or boost performance22 de Novembro de 2015
No child or young athlete should be subjected to genetic testing to spot sporting talent or boost performance, concludes an international panel of experts in a consensus statement.
Endurance athletes who `go against the grain´ become incredible fat-burners22 de Novembro de 2015
Elite endurance athletes who eat very few carbohydrates burned more than twice as much fat as high-carb athletes during maximum exertion and prolonged exercise in a new study -- the highest fat-burning rates under these conditions ever seen by researchers.
Research shows benefits, danger of ultraman competition20 de Novembro de 2015
The endurance competition called the Ultraman can lead to large reductions in body fat, but also causes temporary muscle damage and potentially insulin resistance, new research confirms.
High-performance swimsuit developed: 2.4% faster swimming with the dolphin kick20 de Novembro de 2015
Researchers have succeeded in developing a new high-performance swimsuit with a “kick assist system” that improves the power of the dolphin kick. High-speed swimsuits, which made their appearance at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, were the driving force behind a barrage of new world records. However, the International Swimming Federation changed the rules significantly in 2010 due to a concern that swimming races were not being won by superior swimming techniques but by superior swimsuits, and the ruling body imposed strict regulations. These restrictions greatly narrowed the scope of swimsuit development and all but eliminated hope for improving swimsuit performance. To make a breakthrough under these conditions, the research group went back to the drawing board and put their heads together to figure out what exactly about a swimsuit allows a swimmer to go faster.
Training for runners: Improve individual skills supported by BigData15 de Novembro de 2015
Running is one of the most popular sports. However, not many runners have received formal training on running. Researchers have developed a system for improving running skills based on big data analysis.
College football linemen face greater risk of heart problems15 de Novembro de 2015
A study of freshman college athletes found participation in American-style football was associated with significant increases in systolic blood pressure. Although both football linemen and non-linemen were found to have thicker left ventricular heart walls post-season, when compared to non-linemen, the linemen were at higher risk of developing irregularly thickened heart walls.
Russia Accused of Widespread Doping Program for Athletes09 de Novembro de 2015
(GENEVA) — Russia´s status as a sports superpower and its participation in track and field events at next year´s Olympics came under threat Monday after a report accused the Russians of widespread, state-supported doping reminiscent of the darkest days of cheating by the former East Germany.
Playing soccer or handball during puberty may prevent osteoporosis09 de Novembro de 2015
Osteoporosis is a serious health issue that mainly affects postmenopausal women. Now, a Spanish study has confirmed that doing exercise during puberty can improve bone health in adulthood. In this scope, sports such as soccer, handball and basketball are better than others such as swimming. For years, osteoporosis has been referred to as the silent killer. It is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and an increase in the fragility of bones and the risk of fractures. It has been called the silent killer owing to its asymptomatic nature and the possibility of going undetected for many years.
Stressed parent? New research shows your children may be twice as likely to have obesity09 de Novembro de 2015
Prior research has shown that stress is associated with obesity in adults, and now for the first time, research suggests Latino parents who feel high levels of stress are twice as likely to have children with obesity as well. Researchers examined data from the Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth) to determine the relationship between parental stress and child weight status in the Latino population.
Achilles tendon ruptures missed in one of four cases, but surgery not needed for most08 de Novembro de 2015
Achilles tendon disorders are common and often misdiagnosed, with about 25 percent of ruptures missed during initial examination, but the prognosis is favorable for the vast majority of patients, according to researchers.
Marfan foundation launches comprehensive diagnosis app for physicians08 de Novembro de 2015
The Marfan foundation has launched a comprehensive diagnosis app tool, Marfan DX, to help physicians diagnose the syndrome more easily.
Vitamin D pill a day may improve exercise performance and lower risk of heart disease02 de Novembro de 2015
Taking vitamin D supplements can improve exercise performance and lower the risk of heart disease, according to the findings of a preliminary study.
Long-term aerobic exercise prevents age-related brain changes02 de Novembro de 2015
A study of the brains of mice shows that structural deterioration associated with old age can be prevented by long-term aerobic exercise starting in mid-life, according to new research. Structural changes that make the blood-brain barrier leaky and result in inflammation of brain tissues in old mice can be mitigated by allowing the animals to run regularly, providing a potential explanation for the beneficial effects of exercise on dementia in humans.
Prolonged TV viewing linked to eight leading causes of death in US27 de Outubro de 2015
On average, 80 percent of American adults watch 3.5 hours of television per day and multiple observational studies have demonstrated a link between TV viewing and poorer health. In this new study, investigators reported an association between increasing hours of television viewing per day and increasing risk of death from most of the major causes of death in the United States.
Obese children´s health rapidly improves with sugar reduction unrelated to calories27 de Outubro de 2015
Reducing consumption of added sugar has the power to reverse a cluster of chronic metabolic diseases in children in as little as 10 days, according to a study.
ACL injuries increase among school-aged children and adolescents27 de Outubro de 2015
A new study confirms what doctors working with young athletes already suspected: the number anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears among youths, particularly high school students, has risen during the past 20 years.
Residência Médica em Medicina do Esporte - Inscrições Abertas!27 de Outubro de 2015
Unifesp (Universidade Federal de São Paulo)
New rule that limits tackling during football practices knocks down concussions24 de Outubro de 2015
New research shows that limiting the amount of full-contact tackling during high school football practices can have a big impact on reducing the number of concussions among players.
Basketball, soccer, lacrosse lead to most ACL injuries among high school female athletes24 de Outubro de 2015
A new study finds the overall rate of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among high school athletes is significantly higher among females, who are especially likely to experience ACL tears while playing basketball, soccer and lacrosse.
Whey protein optimization for athletes24 de Outubro de 2015
While whey protein supplementation helps athletes build lean body mass, progress can be stifled by overlooking a key facet of training: muscle recovery. New research tests a whey protein supplement fortified with compounds designed to aid in muscle recovery following highly demanding resistance exercise.
Assessment of Dietary Vitamin D Intake and Compliance With Recommended Vitamin D Supplementation in Division I Collegiate Athletes24 de Outubro de 2015
The primary aim of this study was to assess dietary vitamin D intake and compliance with a recommended vitamin D supplementation program in a collegiate athlete population. Subsequently, associations between dietary intake, compliance with supplementation, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were investigated.
High cholesterol linked to heightened risk of tendon abnormalities and pain16 de Outubro de 2015
High levels of total cholesterol are linked to a heightened risk of tendon abnormalities and pain, reveals a pooled analysis of the available evidence published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Regular exercise before pregnancy may stave off pains that are common among moms-to-be. High impact activities, such as jogging, ball games, and aerobics may be most helpful, study suggests16 de Outubro de 2015
Exercising up to five times weekly before pregnancy may help to stave off pelvic girdle pain -- an umbrella term for any type of pain associated with the joint and ligament changes prompted by pregnancy -- finds research.
Type 2 diabetes patients find exercise more difficult, says study More research needed to identify culprits, patients should tailor exercise regimen15 de Outubro de 2015
Women with type 2 diabetes experience a barrier to physical activity that threatens to make them more sedentary and cause their health to worsen, according to a new study.
Duke CPR app is an essential download for everyone without formal CPR training15 de Outubro de 2015
When someone suffers a cardiac arrest, every minute counts – literally. By some estimates, every minute that passes without CPR reduces chances of survival by 5-10%.
We’ve seen some really interesting efforts that aim to get CPR to cardiac arrest victims faster using smartphones. To help improve rates of bystander CPR, the American Heart Association shifted to a compression only CPR strategy for bystander CPR.
Extreme weight loss tactics among UK cage fighters prompt alarm and call for action. Efforts to shed pounds quickly, in quantity potentially dangerous, say doctors13 de Outubro de 2015
Short, intense exercise bursts can reduce heart risk to teens06 de Outubro de 2015
Adolescents who perform just eight to ten minutes of high-intensity interval exercise three times a week could be significantly reducing their risk of developing heart conditions, new research has concluded. Even apparently healthy teenagers showed significant improvements in markers which are indicators of cardiovascular health.
Battling obesity in the classroom with exercise06 de Outubro de 2015
There´s another burst of seat-bouncing, giggling and shouting in a simulated classroom. Through a new study, researchers hope to find ways to redesign classrooms and develop a curriculum to add in two-minute exercise breaks throughout the day -- "a prescription for physical activity" -- and incorporate the additional fitness as seamlessly as possible for teachers.Saiba mais
Walk the line: NASA studies physical performance after spaceflight02 de Outubro de 2015
Walking an obstacle course on Earth is relatively easy. Walking an obstacle course after being in space for six months isn´t so simple. NASA´s Human Research Program is focusing on identifying key physical factors that contribute to a decrease in performance as we prepare for a journey to Mars.
Beet juice boosts muscle power in heart patients23 de Setembro de 2015
Scientists have evidence that Popeye was right: spinach makes you stronger. But it´s the high nitrate content in the leafy greens -- not the iron -- that creates the effect. Building on a growing body of work that suggests dietary nitrate improves muscle performance in many elite athletes, researchers found that drinking concentrated beet juice -- also high in nitrates -- increases muscle power in patients with heart failure.
Targeting exercise is not the best way to reduce prolonged sitting, study finds21 de Setembro de 2015
Targeting sitting time, rather than physical activity, is the most effective way to reduce prolonged sitting, according to the first comprehensive review of strategies designed to reduce sitting time.
Caffeine at night delays human circadian clock Double espresso before bedtime induces 40-minute time delay in internal clock20 de Setembro de 2015
For the first time, research shows that evening caffeine delays the internal circadian clock that tells us when to get ready for sleep and when to prepare to wake up.
Energy drinks linked to traumatic brain injury in teens Energy drink consumption could interfere with recovery efforts20 de Setembro de 2015
Teens who reported a traumatic brain injury in the past year were seven times more likely to have consumed at least five energy drinks in the past week than those without a history of TBI, according to a study.
Perfect swimming strokes? Boost sports performance with wearable technology17 de Setembro de 2015
Scientists have developed wearable technology for improving sports performance. Wearable sensors can be attached to, say, a swimmer´s hand paddles or an archers´ equipment. From there, data is wirelessly transferred to the coach´s smartphone or tablet. The sensors embedded in the paddles provide surprisingly precise and varied data on the wearer´s swimming technique. This covers stroke length and changes in it during swimming, the relationship between the outward stroke and recovery, the structure of the stroke and the average pull, the hand position and the pressure exerted by the stroke in different directions.
Increase seen in bicycle-related injuries, hospital admissions in United States13 de Setembro de 2015
Between 1998 and 2013, there was a large increase in bicycle-related injuries and hospital admissions of adults in the United States, with the increase in injuries driven by more injuries among adults older than 45 years of age, according to a study.
Pressure to be available 24/7 on social media causes teen anxiety, depression The need to be constantly available, respond 24/7 on social media accounts can cause depression, anxiety13 de Setembro de 2015
Overall and night-time specific social media use along with emotional investment were related to poorer sleep quality, lower self-esteem as well as higher anxiety and depression levels, new research concludes.
Switzerland best place in the world for older people to live13 de Setembro de 2015
Switzerland is the best place in the world for older people to live, closely followed by Norway and Sweden, according to a new report. The Global AgeWatch Index assesses the social and economic wellbeing of the older population in 96 countries around the world. The Index represents 91 per cent of the world´s population aged 60 and over, amounting to some 901 million people. It measures the lives of older people in four key areas: income; health; education and employment and the enabling environment.
Working long hours linked to higher risk of stroke10 de Setembro de 2015
Working 55 hours or more per week is linked to a 33 percent greater risk of stroke and a more modest (13 percent) increased risk of developing coronary heart disease compared with working a standard 35 to 40 hour week, according to the largest study in this field so far involving over 600,000 individuals.
Mobile phone records may predict epidemics of mosquito-borne dengue virus10 de Setembro de 2015
Cell phone records can predict the geographical spread and timing of dengue epidemics, research shows. Utilizing the largest data set of cell phone records ever analyzed to estimate human mobility, the researchers developed an innovative model to predict epidemics and provide early warning to policy makers.
Vitamin C: The exercise replacement?07 de Setembro de 2015
Exercise improves health in overweight and obese adults but can be hard to incorporate into a daily routine. New findings show that taking vitamin C supplements daily instead can have similar cardiovascular benefits as regular exercise in these adults.
Lowering sugar-sweetened beverage intake by children linked to more favorable HDL-C changes07 de Setembro de 2015
A study measuring blood lipid levels of a diverse sample of schoolchildren found that reducing sugar-sweetened beverage intake by at least one serving a week was associated with a greater increase in HDL-cholesterol over 12 months. Higher SSB consumption was also linked to lower fruit and vegetable intake.
The 12 best new medical apps released in June07 de Setembro de 2015
We reviewed hundreds of medical apps released in June. Here are our picks for the best medical apps that physicians and other health providers should consider downloading.
High protein foods boost cardiovascular health, as much as quitting smoking or getting exercise29 de Agosto de 2015
Eating foods rich in amino acids could be as good for your heart as stopping smoking or getting more exercise -- according to new research.
Life expectancy climbs worldwide but people spend more years living with illness and disability29 de Agosto de 2015
Global life expectancy has risen by more than six years since 1990 as healthy life expectancy grows; ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory infections, and stroke cause the most health loss around the world.
Interrupting sitting with walking breaks improves children´s blood sugar Short-term metabolic benefits could help prevent obesity, diabetes29 de Agosto de 2015
Taking 3-minute breaks to walk in the middle of a TV marathon or other sedentary activity can improve children´s blood sugar compared to continuously sitting, according to a new study.
Sobering Statistics on Physical Inactivity in the U.S.26 de Agosto de 2015
Approximately 36 percent of adults in the U.S. do not engage in any leisure-time physical activity. Lack of physical activity accounts for 22 percent of coronary heart disease, 22 percent of colon cancer, 18 percent of osteoporotic fractures, 12 percent of diabetes and hypertension, and 5 percent of breast cancer.
Glass of water before each meal could help in weight reduction26 de Agosto de 2015
Researchers have shown that drinking 500ml of water at half an hour before eating main meals may help obese adults to lose weight. They believe that the simple intervention could be hugely beneficial, and be easily promoted by healthcare professionals and through public health campaigns.
Bright screens at night imperil sleep of young teens26 de Agosto de 2015
A new study looked at the effect of light exposure at night -- like that from phones or tablets -- on the biology of teen sleep. The researchers found that children in early to middle puberty were especially vulnerable to suppression of a hormone key to sleep timing.
American Heart Association takes the lead in digital health with scientific review and recommendations26 de Agosto de 2015
The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a comprehensive scientific statement reviewing the use of mobile health technology in the prevention of cardiovascular disease1. In this statement, they cover some of the biggest use cases for mobile health technology: weight loss, physical activity, smoking cessation, diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.
The 8 best medical apps released in May23 de Agosto de 2015
We reviewed the medical apps that were released in May. Here are our picks for the best medical apps that physicians and other health providers should consider downloading.
Physician support key to successful weight loss, study shows23 de Agosto de 2015
A review of survey data from more than 300 obese people who participated in a federally funded weight loss clinical trial found that although the overall weight loss rates were modest, those who rated their primary care doctor´s support as particularly helpful lost about twice as many pounds as those who didn´t.Saiba mais
Exercise alone does not help in losing weight18 de Agosto de 2015
Physical activity has many health benefits, ranging from reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes and cancer to improving mental health and mood. But contrary to common belief, exercise does not help you lose weight, public health scientists report.
Color-changing polymer may signal traumatic brain injuries in soldiers, athletes18 de Agosto de 2015
A bomb blast or a rough tackle can inflict serious brain damage. Yet at the time of impact, these injuries are often invisible. To detect head trauma immediately, a team of researchers has developed a polymer-based material that changes colors depending on how hard it is hit. The goal is to someday incorporate this material into protective headgear.
Vitamin D in teens: Don` t overdo it, or bad things might happen15 de Agosto de 2015
Dosing obese teens with vitamin D shows no benefits for their heart health or diabetes risk, and could have the unintended consequences of increasing cholesterol and fat-storing triglycerides. These are the latest findings in a series of studies in childhood obesity.
Player-to-player contact causes more concussions than heading in soccer15 de Agosto de 2015
Although heading the ball is the activity most commonly associated with concussions in soccer, a recent study suggested that player-to-player contact is the most prevalent cause of concussions in the sport.
Stomach is the way to a woman`s heart, too14 de Agosto de 2015
Women`s brains respond more to romantic cues on a full stomach than an empty one, new research demonstrates. The study explored brain circuitry in hungry versus satiated states among women who were past-dieters and those who had never dieted.
Recado a Mourinho! Fifa diz que técnicos não podem desautorizar médicos14 de Agosto de 2015
A Fifa emitiu nessa quinta-feira (13) o que equivale a uma repreensão ao técnico do Chelsea, José Mourinho, em meio a relatos de que o treinador baniu a principal médica do time, Eva Carneiro, após tratamento de um jogador contundido em uma partida do Campeonato Inglês.
ESCLARECIMENTOS À SOCIEDADE BRASILEIRA14 de Agosto de 2015
As entidades médicas nacionais (Associação Médica Brasileira, Conselho Federal de Medicina, Federação Nacional dos Médicos, Federação Brasileira das Academias de Medicina, Associação Nacional dos Médicos Residentes, Associação dos Estudantes de Medicina do Brasil e Associação Brasileira das Ligas Acadêmicas de Medicina) vêm a público se manifestar a respeito do Decreto nº 8497, da Presidência da República, o qual, em articulação com outras medidas adotadas pelos Ministérios da Educação e da Saúde, compromete o processo de formação e cadastramento de médicos especialistas no Brasil.
Uma semana de dissimulações, mentiras e uma confissão14 de Agosto de 2015
A Associação Médica Brasileira (AMB) vem a público alertar para mais uma manobra do Ministério da Saúde. A pasta terminou a semana da pior forma possível: mentindo. Nota divulgada no início da noite de sexta-feira (7/8/15) afirma que “as entidades médicas participaram do processo de discussão da proposta”, claramente querendo encontrar cúmplices para o crime que está cometendo contra a saúde do Brasil.
Research pours cold water on ice bath recovery theory13 de Agosto de 2015
If the thought of a post workout ice bath is enough to make you shiver, new research will warm your heart. The comprehensive study found cold water immersion after strength training hindered muscle adaptation -- pouring cold water on the long-held theory that an ice bath helps speed up recovery.
New biomarkers show exercise helps reduce daytime sleep disorder12 de Agosto de 2015
Aerobic exercise can help alleviate excessive daytime sleepiness among depressed individuals, researchers have found. Researchers looking at blood samples identified two biological markers for the condition, called hypersomnia, which is characterized by sleeping too much at night as well as excessive daytime sleepiness, in those with Major Depressive Disorder.
A importância do exame médico para treinar12 de Agosto de 2015
Antes de calçar seu par de tênis e sair correndo por aí, saiba que o primeiro passo a ser dado é agendar um exame médico. Por meio da consulta, são avaliados o seu condicionamento físico, o histórico de doenças na família e a possibilidade de você vir a ter algum problema de saúde. As consequências de pular esta etapa podem ser tanto nenhuma quanto até uma lesão ou agravamento de alguma condição clínica ainda não detectada.
Paleo diet: Big brains needed carbs. Importance of dietary carbohydrate in human evolution09 de Agosto de 2015
Understanding how and why we evolved such large brains is one of the most puzzling issues in the study of human evolution. A new study argues that carbohydrate consumption, particularly in the form of starch, was critical for the accelerated expansion of the human brain over the last million years. Eating meat may have kick-started the evolution of bigger brains, but cooked starchy foods together with more salivary amylase genes made us smarter still.
Cemeteries capitalize on Brazil`s obesity rate09 de Agosto de 2015
As the rate of overweight and obese Brazilians increase, so too does the supply and demand for coffins and burial plots that can accommodate the South American country`s heavier population. Roselle Chen reports. Video provided by Reuters
University of Florida researchers evaluate exercise and fitness apps against guidelines09 de Agosto de 2015
A new study from researchers at the University of Florida casts some serious doubts on the quality of physical fitness apps available.
Meniscal transplant in patients age 50 and under relieves pain, delays additional surgery Nearly two-thirds of meniscal transplants viable at 10 years05 de Agosto de 2015
Most patients younger than age 50 with a torn or severely damaged meniscus experienced reduced pain and improved knee function following transplant surgery, according to a study. However, many patients required additional surgery within 10 years.
High-intensity interval training well-tolerated by women with RA, adults with JIA05 de Agosto de 2015
High-intensity interval training was well-tolerated by women with rheumatoid arthritis and adults with juvenile-onset idiopathic arthritis and may be beneficial, according to the results of a study.
Young, active patients likely return to active duty sooner after surgery for Achilles tendon ruptures05 de Agosto de 2015
LONG BEACH, Calif. — Patients who are operatively treated for Achilles tendon ruptures returned to active duty quicker, however, there were no differences in complications compared with patients who were treated nonoperatively, according to data presented here.
Exercise may reverse age-related bone loss in middle-aged men Weight-lifting and jumping exercises improved bone density, could decrease osteoporosis risk03 de Agosto de 2015
Researchers have found that certain types of weight-lifting and jumping exercises, when completed for at least six months, improve bone density in active, healthy, middle-aged men with low bone mass. These exercises may help prevent osteoporosis by facilitating bone growth, according to a new study.
Tytocare rolls heart, lung, ear, & throat exam into a single device02 de Agosto de 2015
An Israel-based startup is developing a handheld product for patients that enables a remote physical exam with an otosocope to examine the ear as well as the ability to auscultate heart & lung sounds.
Literature review shows support for using Skype in medicine02 de Agosto de 2015
Is Skype a viable tool to communicate with patients? A new literature review offers a qualified yes to that question.
After Nigel R. Armfield and his associates at the Centre for Online Health, University of Queensland in Australia analyzed 27 literature articles on Skype, they came to the conclusion that the video communications platform was a feasible tool for telemedicine consults and offered benefits. But they also cautioned that “in the absence of formal studies, the clinical and economic benefits remain unclear.”Saiba mais
Nike desenvolve capacete que resfria a cabeça durante a prática de exercícios02 de Agosto de 2015
O laboratório de pesquisas da Nike Sports desenvolveu um protótipo de capacete capaz de resfriar a cabeça de atletas durante a recuperação de exercícios. O dispositivo imita a aplicação de água fria e sacos de gelo e pode até aumentar o desempenho das pessuas durante os intervalos da prática.
Congresso Brasileiro de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte - Trabalho Científico23 de Julho de 2015
Apresente seu trabalho científico e participe deste importante evento
Preventing knee pain in at-risk adults with diabetes Study assesses impact of intensive diet/exercise program23 de Julho de 2015
An intensive program of diet and exercise had a small but statistically significant protective effect against the development of knee pain in the short term among overweight adults with diabetes, a new study has found.
Bilinguals of two spoken languages have more gray matter than monolinguals18 de Julho de 2015
A new study suggests people who speak two languages have more gray matter in the executive control region of the brain.
Perform critical appraisal of medical literature using an app, review of CASP18 de Julho de 2015
Information Mastery is a concept coined by evidence based medicine (EBM) experts in the US, Canada and the UK. In the US, Information Mastery was championed bySlawson and Shaughnessy who described the vast medical literature as a “jungle” and used the metaphors of “foraging” and “hunting” to navigate that environment. If you wanted to find an answer to a specific question, you needed a “hunting” tool such asUpToDate, Dynamed or Essential Evidence Plus.
Low chance of obese people recovering normal body weight17 de Julho de 2015
The chance of an obese person attaining normal body weight is 1 in 210 for men and 1 in 124 for women, increasing to 1 in 1,290 for men and 1 in 677 for women with severe obesity, according to a new study. The findings suggest that current weight management programs focused on dieting and exercise are not effective in tackling obesity at population level.
Body temperature may trigger sudden cardiac death17 de Julho de 2015
When studying the proteins that underlie electrical signaling in the heart, and subjecting those proteins to conditions that are similar to the stress of exercise, researchers have found that in some cases, temperature can cause changes that trigger arrhythmia.
Club membership in teens linked to lower mortality in older age17 de Julho de 2015
Did you belong to community, sports, or other clubs in your teens? If so, you might be more likely to survive into your late seventies, suggests a new study.
Does salt cause thirst? It´s really not all that certain17 de Julho de 2015
Conventional wisdom contends that the consumption of salt makes us thirsty and therefore leads to increased drinking to restore the balance of minerals in the body. However, no correlation was found between salt intake and an increased sense of thirst or more drinking of water, researchers report at the conclusion of their study.
Your phone knows if you´re depressed Time spent on smartphone, GPS location sensor data detect depression17 de Julho de 2015
Depression can be detected from your smartphone sensor data by tracking the number of minutes you use the phone and your daily geographical locations, reports a new study. The more time you spend using your phone, the more likely you are depressed. Spending most of your time at home and most of your time in fewer locations also are linked to depression. The research could lead to monitoring people at risk of depression and enabling health care providers to intervene.
Clinical Pattern Recognition: Low back pain physical therapy app review17 de Julho de 2015
This is the second app that we have reviewed in the Clinical Pattern Recognition app series developed by Michael Wong, with the focus of this app being low back pain.
It´s Not What You Do, but How You Get Yourself to Exercise That Matters, study finds11 de Julho de 2015
Developing any habit starts with a routine. The trick is making exercise a habit that is hard to break. A new study shows that may be easier to accomplish by focusing on cues that make going to the gym automatic.
Treatment of shoulder instability helps return collegiate athletes to playing field11 de Julho de 2015
Athletes who suffer a shoulder instability injury may return to play more successfully after being treated arthroscopically compared to nonoperative treatment, say researchers.
Taking the pain out of office work Treadmill workstations reduce neck, shoulder muscle pain11 de Julho de 2015
Treadmill work stations are potentially helpful in reducing the neck and shoulder muscle pain associated with computer work, a researcher suggests.
No need to treat stable meniscus tears during ACL surgery, new research shows11 de Julho de 2015
While athletes undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery often have an additional meniscus injury, treating these tears at the same time may not be necessary. Research shows positive results for meniscal tears that were deemed stable and left alone at the time of ACL reconstruction.
Extracurricular sports produce disciplined preteens04 de Julho de 2015
Regular, structured extracurricular sports seem to help kids develop the discipline they need in order to engage effectively in the classroom, according to a new study.
Epidemic of obesity, overweight linked to increased food energy supply. Food energy supply and global obesity04 de Julho de 2015
This study investigates the associations between changes in national food energy supply and average population body weight in 24 high-, 27 middle- and 18 low-income countries. The authors found that the association between change in energy supply and change in weight was statistically significant overall, with findings suggesting that increases in food energy supply are sufficient to explain increases in average population weight.
Review indicates where cardio benefits of exercise may lie02 de Julho de 2015
A systematic review of 160 clinical trials of the cardiometabolic benefits of exercise shows which health indicators improve most with physical activity and for whom. For example, some of the benefits are greater for men, people under 50 and among those battling type 2 diabetes or other cardiovascular conditions.
Make no bones about it: Female athlete triad can lead to problems with bone health02 de Julho de 2015
Participation in sports by women and girls has increased from 310,000 individuals in 1971 to 3.37 million in 2010. At the same time, sports-related injuries among female athletes have skyrocketed. According to a new study, women with symptoms known as the `female athlete triad´ are at greater risk of bone stress injuries and fractures.
Girls at higher risk for overuse injuries in high school sports02 de Julho de 2015
When it comes to overuse injuries in high school sports, girls are at a much higher risk than boys, a new study shows. Overuse injuries include stress fractures, tendonitis and joint pain, and occur when athletes are required to perform the same motion repeatedly.
`Drink when thirsty´ to avoid fatal drops in blood sodium levels during exercise02 de Julho de 2015
For hikers, football players, endurance athletes, and a growing range of elite and recreational exercisers, the best approach to preventing potentially serious reductions in blood sodium level is to drink when thirsty, according to an updated consensus statement on exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH).
Most of amateur athletes undergoing hypoxic training are not advised by specialists02 de Julho de 2015
Physical performance after periods of hypoxic training -- in low-oxygen conditions -- has become a matter of growing controversy within the scientific community. An international study compared professional and amateur athletes´ knowledge and understanding of this type of training According to the results, just 25 percent of amateurs are assessed and monitored by specialists.
Radiology Consult app review, order appropriate tests in primary care25 de Junho de 2015
For the busy primary care provider, deciding what imaging test to order for various medical conditions can be challenging. Some guidance about what to order and what not to order can be found piecemeal via the Choosing Wisely Campaign website.
Diagnóstico inédito do Ministério do Esporte mostra que sedentarismo no Brasil atinge 45,9% da população25 de Junho de 2015
Região Sudeste é a que concentra o maior número de sedentários com 54,4%
Prevalence of overweight, obesity in the United States22 de Junho de 2015
More than two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese, according to new estimates. Overweight and obesity are associated with a variety of chronic health conditions, which could potentially be avoided by preventing weight gain and obesity.
Chocolate for your heart Eating 100 g of chocolate daily linked to lowered heart disease and stroke risk22 de Junho de 2015
Eating up to 100 g of chocolate every day is linked to lowered heart disease and stroke risk. The calculations showed that compared with those who ate no chocolate higher intake was linked to an 11% lower risk of cardiovascular disease and a 25% lower risk of associated death.
Patients give high marks to prepping for surgery online Web-based education prior to knee arthroscopy improves patients´ understanding and enhances their experience20 de Junho de 2015
First-time surgery can be concerning to any patient. Knee surgery -- even arthroscopic surgery to treat a torn meniscus -- can require significant preparation and rehabilitation. According to a new study, a web-based tutorial can not only increase a patient´s understanding of the surgery but also provide a better experience.
Child fitness falls further than feared: Not obesity-related20 de Junho de 2015
Child fitness levels are falling at an even faster rate than first feared - and this time there is evidence it has nothing to do with obesity.
Exercise helps control diabetes regardless of cardiorespiratory fitness improvement20 de Junho de 2015
Adults with type 2 diabetes who do not see an improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness with exercise may still see a reduction in body fat and waist size, and improved blood glucose, according to research in Diabetes Care.
Extreme exercise linked to blood poisoning16 de Junho de 2015
Extreme exercise can cause intestinal bacteria to leak into the bloodstream, leading to blood poisoning, new research shows. To reach this conclusion, experts monitored people participating in a range of extreme endurance events, including 24-hour ultra-marathons and multi-stage ultra-marathons, run on consecutive days.
MRI alone unreliable for diagnosis of anterolateral ligament injuries16 de Junho de 2015
LYON, France — Results of a prospective case-control study presented here indicated MRI scans alone should not be used to preoperatively diagnose anterolateral ligament injuries.
Light-intensity exercise could prove beneficial to older adults, new research shows15 de Junho de 2015
An easy walk, slow dancing, leisurely sports such as table tennis, household chores and other light-intensity exercise may be nearly as effective as moderate or vigorous exercise for older adults -- if they get enough of that type of activity.
Milk proteins may protect against cardiovascular disease15 de Junho de 2015
The Maillard reaction is a chemical reaction between amino acids and reducing sugars that results in browned foods like seared steaks and toasted bread. When proteins and sugars are mixed together and heated, new chemical compounds are formed. Some are responsible for new flavors and some, according to a new study may protect us against cardiovascular disease.
Physical activity decreases over time at all levels of COPD severity, leading to further decline15 de Junho de 2015
Physical activity decreases substantially over time in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at all levels of severity, according to a new study.
Exercise with a physiotherapist helps people with depression15 de Junho de 2015
Exercise has a positive effect on depression. A researcher evaluated exercise as add-on therapy to medicating with antidepressants. The experiments showed that people who participated in exercise aimed at increasing their physical fitness clearly improved their mental health compared with the control group.
Multi-tasking: Benefits on exercise15 de Junho de 2015
Who says you can´t do two things at once and do them both well? A new study challenges the notion that multi-tasking causes one or both activities to suffer. In a study of older adults who completed cognitive tasks while cycling on a stationary bike, researchers found that participants´ cycling speed improved while multi-tasking with no cost to their cognitive performance.
Your phone knows how many steps you take per day, shouldn´t your doctor?13 de Junho de 2015
The rise of health apps has made it possible to chart your steps, heartbeat, and sleep patterns, but the availability of this constant stream of information has yet to reach patient electronic health records. In a commentary, researchers argue that these mobile devices could rapidly reshape the practice of medicine. The first steps though will be creating standards that can enforce cross-platform communications.
Severely impaired stroke survivors regain arm function after intensive physical therapy13 de Junho de 2015
Time may heal all wounds, but in the case of stroke survivors, the key to better recovery is to spend more time in an intensive physical therapy program, according to a new study.
Moderate exercise helps prevent gestational diabetes, reduce weight gain during pregnancy07 de Junho de 2015
Women who exercise during pregnancy are less likely to have gestational diabetes, and the exercise also helps to reduce maternal weight gain, finds a study. Gestational diabetes is one of the most frequent complications of pregnancy. It is associated with an increased risk of serious disorders such as pre-eclampsia, hypertension, preterm birth, and with induced or caesarean birth.
Uma visão brasileira do Velo-City 201507 de Junho de 2015
Depois de uma semana enfurnada nas palestras e plenárias da vigésima edição do VeloCity, o mais importante evento sobre mobilidade em bicicleta do mundo, que aconteceu entre os dias 1 e 5 de junho em Nantes na França, me pergunto, será que a Europa tem mesmo o que ensinar ao Novo Mundo sobre mobilidade?
Physicians could prescribe Johnson & Johnson´s free 7 minute workout app to patients06 de Junho de 2015
When we reviewed the New York Times 7 minute workout app last year, Dr. Saif Usman — our Sports Medicine physician columnist, gushed at how he would start recommending the 7 minute work out app to most of his patients. The Scientific 7 minute workout is based on a research paper published in the prestigious American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), titled — “HIGH-INTENSITY CIRCUIT TRAINING USING BODY WEIGHT: Maximum Results with Minimal Investment” 1.
Review of free New York Times evidence based workout app06 de Junho de 2015
7 minutes. That´s the amount of time needed to do a quick, scientifically proven, high intensity workout using the free New York Times Workouts app. It’s the first of a number of Well fitness apps the New York Times is planning on producing to give consumers mobile or web based personal training resources.
Study maps types of physical activity associated with better sleep05 de Junho de 2015
Physical activities, such as walking, as well as aerobics/calisthenics, running, weight-lifting, and yoga/Pilates are associated with better sleep habits, compared to no activity, according to a new study. In contrast, the study shows that other types of physical activity -- such as household and childcare -- work are associated with increased cases of poor sleep habits.
Endurance athletes should be tested while exercising for potentially fatal heart condition04 de Junho de 2015
Some athletes who take part in endurance exercise such as marathon running, endurance triathlons or alpine cycling can develop heartbeat irregularities that can, occasionally, lead to their sudden death. New evidence shows that doctors who try to detect these irregularities by focusing on the left ventricle of the heart, or on the right ventricle while an athlete is resting, will miss important signs of right ventricular dysfunction that can only be detected during exercise and that could be fatal.
End game: Sport can ease the transition into retirement04 de Junho de 2015
Adjusting to the many changes retirement brings can mean the difference between a positive quality of life and one that struggles under the weight of change. A new study examined sport and its ability to impact the quality of life of a person as he or she transitions to retirement.
Sex and musculoskeletal health: Differences between males and females02 de Junho de 2015
Woman in general have a higher incidence of osteoporosis-related hip fractures yet, conversely, they have a lower rate of mortality than men with the same fracture, according to a new study.
Vestibulo-ocular dysfunction in children and adolescents with sports-related concussion02 de Junho de 2015
Researchers have investigated the frequency of vestibulo-ocular dysfunction in children and adolescents with sports-related concussion and found that its presence was predictive of a prolonged recovery.
Performance enhancing sensor ready for commercialization29 de Maio de 2015
A wearable device will provide real-time data analysis of fluid loss during exercise to enhance the performance of fitness enthusiasts and elite athletes.
Sound waves could be viable alternative in diagnosing minor fractures29 de Maio de 2015
A study has been conducted of the usefulness and efficiency of portable ultrasound in detecting the presence of minor fractures in patients presenting to a minor injuries unit. Analysis showed that 85% of patients with a fracture confirmed by X-ray had injuries detected through ultrasonography. The authors say emergency clinicians could rule in fractures by studying the ultrasound images but ruling out fractures is still the job of radiographers.
World first survey uncovers widespread homophobia at UK sports events29 de Maio de 2015
Spectator stands are the most likely sporting environment for homophobia to occur, a study concludes: 85 percent fear for the safety of gay people. Three out of four people have witnessed or experienced homophobia in sport, including many heterosexual men. UK gay youth are twice as likely to be `out of the closet´ yet they experience more abuse.
Helmet add-ons may not lower concussion risk in athletes25 de Maio de 2015
Football helmet add-ons such as outer soft-shell layers, spray treatments, helmet pads and fiber sheets may not significantly help lower the risk of concussions in athletes, according to a new study.
Injury rates from wearing high-heeled shoes have doubled25 de Maio de 2015
New research shows that high-heeled-shoe-related injuries doubled between 2002 and 2012. The frequency and severity of those injuries were sufficient to make the investigators suggest that wearing the appropriate shoes for the appropriate occasion and being aware of one´s surroundings are good ideas.
Oral steroids for herniated disk do not improve pain25 de Maio de 2015
Among patients with acute radiculopathy (sciatica) due to a herniated lumbar disk, a short course of oral steroids, compared with placebo, resulted in modest improvement in function and no significant improvement in pain, according to a study.
`Insufficient evidence´ on degenerative brain disease in athletes25 de Maio de 2015
Available research does not support the contention that athletes are uniquely at risk of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) or other neurodegenerative disorders, according to a review. Other reports have linked CTE to a history of concussions and "subconcussive impacts" during the athlete´s playing career. However, because of the limitations of case series analysis, no direct causal link between concussion and CTE has been established.
QUER SE TORNAR UM VOLUNTÁRIO PARA OS JOGOS OLÍMPICOS? AINDA DÁ TEMPO25 de Maio de 2015
Médicos de várias áreas, entre eles os especialistas em medicina esportiva, ainda podem se candidatar como voluntários para os Jogos Olímpicos 2016. Embora a seleção já esteja sendo realizada, ainda há grandes chances para os especialistas que se inscreverem agora, afirmou o chefe médico do Comitê Organizador dos Jogos Olímpicos 2016, José Grangeiro Neto.
Heart Master is a free app for learning and teaching patients cardiac valvular pathology25 de Maio de 2015
If you´re a medical student learning about the mitral and tricupsid valve pathology, or a physician that wants to teach your patients about valvular pathology — Heart Master Mitral & Tricupsid Valves by Edwards Lifesciences was made for you.
Half hour of physical activity 6 days a week linked to 40 percent lower risk of early death18 de Maio de 2015
Thirty minutes of physical activity -- irrespective of its intensity -- six days a week is linked to a 40 percent lower risk of death from any cause among elderly men, finds new research. Boosting physical activity levels in this age group seems to be as good for health as giving up smoking, the findings suggest.
Even Olympic athletes have cardiac abnormalities and may be at risk of cardiovascular disease18 de Maio de 2015
Even athletes whose performance and fitness are at the very highest level may have life-threatening cardiovascular abnormalities. Indeed, a study of more than 2000 athletes eligible for the summer and winter Olympic games and screened for cardiovascular health has now revealed an unexpectedly high prevalence of cardiovascular conditions, some of which were considered as very serious threats to health.
First study of effects of Ultraman competitions18 de Maio de 2015
For the first time, researchers are looking at the incredibly grueling competition called the Ultraman, and what it does to your body. The Ultraman is a three-day competition designed to test an athlete´s physical and mental endurance. The first day is a 6.2-mile open swim, followed by a 90-mile bike ride. The second day is a 172-mile bike ride. And the third day is a double marathon -- a 52.4-mile run.
Repetitive brain injuries may accelerate aging, dementia risk18 de Maio de 2015
Repetitive head injuries that occur during contact sports and military service may accelerate the aging process by increasing the build-up of beta-amyloid in the brain, leading to worse disease and an increased likelihood of developing dementia. In particular, boxers fared the worst among athletes and military veterans with a history of head injuries.
The 10 best medical apps released in February & March14 de Maio de 2015
We reviewed the medical apps that were released in the months of February and March. Here are our ten picks for the best medical apps that physicians and other health providers should consider downloading.
Increased cardiorespiratory fitness may delay onset of high cholesterol study shows13 de Maio de 2015
Men who have higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness may delay by up to 15 years increases in blood cholesterol levels that commonly occur with aging, according to new research. Cardiorespiratory fitness is defined as the body´s ability to supply oxygen to the muscles during exercise and the muscles ability to use that oxygen. It is improved through exercise or physical activity and is proven to reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke and other diseases while improving heart and lung function.
Childhood obesity influenced by how kids are fed, not just what they eat13 de Maio de 2015
As the childhood obesity epidemic increases, researchers are discovering that the way caregivers feed their kids may be just as important as what they give them to eat. A new study reviews how a mother´s body mass index (BMI), ethnicity and personal eating habits may influence how she feeds her child.
Prenatal exercise lowers risks of C-sections, higher birth weights12 de Maio de 2015
Pregnant women who exercise can significantly lower the risk of undergoing cesarean sections and giving birth to large babies, a study has found. Prenatal exercise has been suggested to be a means to prevent childhood obesity through a "normalization" in birth weight (ie. reducing the risk of having a large baby at birth).
New design makes treadmill more like running outdoors10 de Maio de 2015
Exercise researchers have developed a new treadmill that automatically changes speed to match the pace of the runner. The automated treadmill uses sonar to tell exactly where the runner is on the treadmill. If the runner picks up pace and moves toward the front of the running belt, the speed automatically increases. If the runner slows down and moves toward the back, the speed decreases.
Distance running may be an evolutionary `signal´ for desirable male genes10 de Maio de 2015
New research shows that males with higher `reproductive potential´ are better distance runners. This may have been used by females as a reliable signal of high male genetic quality during our hunter-gatherer past, as good runners are more likely to have other traits of good hunters and providers, such as intelligence and generosity.
Sports: `Performance enhancing´ drugs decrease performance08 de Maio de 2015
Doping is damaging the image of sport without benefiting athletes´ results, according to new research. Researchers collated sporting records (including Olympic and world records) of male and female athletes across 26 sports, between 1886 and 2012. Comparisons were made between pre-1932 records (when steroids became available) and post, and it was found that the times, distances and other results did not improve as expected in the doping era.
Incredible Bulk or Incredible Hulk? Side effects of steroid use08 de Maio de 2015
A lot of hard work, practice and dedication can help you sculpt a well-muscled body, but anabolic steroids will get you there a lot faster. What will it cost you, though? The short side of the long story of this research-based conclusion is: Don´t use steroids.
Sex difference in competitiveness even among the fastest runners08 de Maio de 2015
Sex differences in some behaviors are well established, but it´s unclear whether differences still occur within highly selective sub-populations, such as expert financial decision makers or elite athletes. Researchers assessed the competitiveness of over 1,100 collegiate distance runners and tested whether the already-known sex difference in competitiveness narrowed when considering the fastest runners. They found the difference between genders was just as large among the fastest as it was among the slowest runners.
Study examines incidence of concussion in youth, high school, college football08 de Maio de 2015
A slight majority of concussions happened during youth football games but most concussions at the high school and college levels occurred during practice, according to a new article.
Is diet or exercise the best way to reduce diabetes risk?07 de Maio de 2015
Though people often think of the benefits from exercise, calorie restriction and weight loss as interchangeable, it appears that they may all offer distinct and cumulative benefits when it comes to managing type 2 diabetes risk.
Detecting knee-cushion problems early could lead to better treatments07 de Maio de 2015
The menisci, best known as the shock absorbers in the knee, help disperse pressure, reduce friction and nourish the knee. Now, new research shows even small changes in the menisci can hinder their ability to perform critical knee functions.
Study re-examines sports restrictions for children with heart rhythm disorder07 de Maio de 2015
Sports participation may be safer than previously thought for children with the heart rhythm disorder long QT syndrome, and authors of a new study say restrictions should be eased to allow appropriately treated children with the condition to participate more in recreational and competitive sports.
Frailty among older heart patients helps predict severe outcomes03 de Maio de 2015
Frailty among older people with cardiovascular disease appears to be more predictive than age for gauging their risk of heart attack, stroke and death, according to an international study. The researchers noted that frailty is easily diagnosed and should be used in addition to the current scoring system that stratifies patients with acute coronary syndrome.
Teens who mix energy drinks with alcohol more likely to have alcohol use disorder03 de Maio de 2015
Teens aged 15-17 years old who had ever mixed alcohol with energy drinks were four times more likely to meet the criteria for alcohol use disorder, a new study concludes. The team looked at a sample of 3,342 adolescents and young adults aged 15-23 years old recruited across the U.S. They found that 9.7% of adolescents aged 15-17 years old had consumed an energy drink mixed with alcohol. Analyses showed that group to have greatly increased odds of not just binge drinking, but also clinically defined criteria for alcohol use disorder.
Beyond chicken fingers and fries: New evidence in favor of healthier kids´ menus03 de Maio de 2015
New research is a first of its kind to look at ordering patterns and sales data following healthy menu changes. Researchers examined outcomes before and after the Silver Diner, a full-service family restaurant chain, made changes to its children´s menu in order to make healthier items easier to choose.
Lifetime intense physical activity may lower risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma03 de Maio de 2015
Performing vigorous physical activity over one´s lifetime may lower risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Because not much is known about what causes non-Hodgkin lymphoma, identifying risk factors is particularly important for the prevention and control of this cancer, the main researcher noted.
Substantial benefits for health, environment through realistic changes to UK diets03 de Maio de 2015
Making a series of relatively minor and realistic changes to UK diets would not only reduce UK diet-related greenhouse gas emissions by nearly a fifth, but could also extend average life expectancy by eight months, according to new research.
New test predicts sudden cardiac death in hemodialysis patients03 de Maio de 2015
A new test has been developed to predict sudden cardiac death in hemodialysis patients in whom such forecasts were previously impossible. The test uses a combination of nuclear medicine, C-reactive protein and electrocardiogram (ECG). Researchers found that patients with 2 or 3 abnormal measures were at 145 times increased cardiac risk.
Walking an extra two minutes each hour may offset hazards of sitting too long01 de Maio de 2015
A new study suggests that engaging in low intensity activities such as standing may not be enough to offset the health hazards of sitting for long periods of time. On the bright side, adding two minutes of walking each hour to your routine just might do the trick.
Replacing one serving of sugary drink per day by water or unsweetened tea or coffee cuts risk of type 2 diabetes, study shows01 de Maio de 2015
Replacing the daily consumption of one serving of a sugary drink with either water or unsweetened tea or coffee can lower the risk of developing diabetes by between 14 percent and 25 percent, concludes new research.
Waking proteins up from deep sleep to study their motions01 de Maio de 2015
In order to carry out their functions, proteins need to move. Scientists have developed a new technique to study motions in proteins with unprecedented accuracy. The method, which is based on NMR, freezes proteins down to immobility, then slowly heats them to `wake them up´ and restart motions individually and in sequence, providing a slow-motion image of real conditions.
Vitamin D toxicity rare in people who take supplements, researchers report01 de Maio de 2015
Americans have low vitamin D levels, research shows, and as a result, vitamin D supplement use has climbed in recent years. Vitamin D has been shown to boost bone health and it may play a role in preventing diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease and other illnesses. In light of the increased use of vitamin D supplements, researchers set out to learn more about the health of those with high vitamin D levels. They found that toxic levels are actually rare.
Church-based diabetes education program leads to healthier lifestyles among Latino adults29 de Abril de 2015
Latino adults with diabetes who participated in a church-based education program reported eating less high-fat food and exercising more following a trial intervention program. The Picture Good Health program, based in the city´s South Lawndale/Little Village neighborhood, included an eight-week series of classes led by trained community members. The participants, mostly older Latino women, all had a previous diagnosis of diabetes and were recruited from two Catholic church communities.
Two-thirds of bowel cancer patients aren´t advised to exercise despite health benefits29 de Abril de 2015
More than two-thirds (69 per cent) of bowel cancer patients say they weren´t advised to exercise regularly after their diagnosis – despite evidence that brisk physical activity is linked to better survival in bowel cancer, according to a study. The research is the largest study of its kind: more than 15,000 bowel cancer patients were asked about their current level of physical activity and whether they were advised to be more active after their diagnosis.
Babies as young as six months using mobile media28 de Abril de 2015
More than one-third of babies are tapping on smartphones and tablets even before they learn to walk or talk, and by one year of age, one in seven toddlers is using devices for at least an hour a day, according to a new study.
Strength vs. endurance: Does exercise type matter in the fight against obesity?25 de Abril de 2015
Researchers look at which form of exercise -- strength, endurance or a combination of both -- work best in tandem with diet to reduce weight and change body composition among obese study participants.
Sugar and carbs, not physical inactivity, behind surge in obesity, say experts25 de Abril de 2015
Excess sugar and carbs, not physical inactivity, are behind the surge in obesity, say experts. It is time to bust myth that anyone -- including athletes -- can outrun a bad diet, they say.
Caloric restriction: A fountain of youth for aging muscles?25 de Abril de 2015
Caloric restriction has been studied as a way to increase longevity in animals. Now, researcher explore how it may positively affect muscle and find that aging muscles receive the most benefit. Calorie restriction is thought to have a protective effect on muscle cells and may help cells better use antioxidants, avoid damage caused by free radicals and function better.
Just two weeks of drinking sugary drinks boost risk factors for heart disease, study suggests24 de Abril de 2015
Beverages sweetened with low, medium and high amounts of high-fructose corn syrup significantly increase risk factors for cardiovascular disease, even when consumed for just two weeks by young, healthy men and women. Consumption of sugary drinks increases risk factors for cardiovascular disease in a dose-dependent manner -- the more you drink, the greater the risk. The study is the first to demonstrate such a direct, dose-dependent relationship.
How does bench angle affect upper body muscle activation during bench press exercise?24 de Abril de 2015
Muscular activation during exercise is the key to developing muscle mass and strength and the bench press exercise is a popular and widely used method of building upper body strength. In a new study, researchers set out to discover the effects on muscle activation during free weight barbell bench press at 0°, 30°, 45° and –15° bench angles. If greater or lesser angles enhance muscle activation, the results can be used to plan successful upper body exercise programs.
More salt doesn´t mean better performance for endurance athletes24 de Abril de 2015
A new study cast doubts on the popular idea that salt consumption can help endurance athletes during competition. "While moderate sodium consumption is perfectly reasonable and should be encouraged, high sodium intake is associated with health concerns, like hypertension," an author said. "Many Americans already consume too much salt on a daily basis."
32 fotos tiradas na hora certa de crianças brincando ao redor do mundo. A #27 é a mais divertida!21 de Abril de 2015
Mesmo quem não tem muitas lembranças da infância já deve ter percebido que uma criança não precisa de muito para se divertir.
Criança não precisa de brinquedos caros porque a imaginação e a inocência juntas são capazes de criar inúmeras brincadeiras.
Five days of eating fatty foods can alter how your body´s muscle processes food18 de Abril de 2015
After just five days of eating a high-fat diet, the way in which the body´s muscle processes nutrients changes, which could lead to long-term problems such as weight gain, obesity, and other health issues, a new study has found. "Most people think they can indulge in high-fat foods for a few days and get away with it," said one investigator. "But all it takes is five days for your body´s muscle to start to protest."
Telling the time of day by color18 de Abril de 2015
New research has revealed that the color of light has a major impact on how the brain clock measures time of day and on how the animals´ physiology and behavior adjust accordingly. The study, for the first time, provides a neuronal mechanism for how our internal clock can measure changes in light color that accompany dawn and dusk.
Cardiorespiratory fitness reduces disease risk among smokers18 de Abril de 2015
Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with reduced metabolic syndrome risk among smokers, according to researchers. Smoking is estimated to cause 443,000 deaths each year in the United States, primarily from cancer, cardiovascular diseases and respiratory disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Brain development suffers from lack of fish oil fatty acids, study finds17 de Abril de 2015
While recent reports question whether fish oil supplements support heart health, scientists have found that the fatty acids they contain are vitally important to the developing brain. Neurobiologists report that dietary deficiencies in the type of fatty acids found in fish and other foods can limit brain growth during fetal development and early in life. The findings suggest that women maintain a balanced diet rich in these fatty acids for themselves during pregnancy and for their babies after birth.
Male offspring get most benefit from pregnant mother´s exercise17 de Abril de 2015
Male offspring appear to benefit more than females from the positive effects of exercise during pregnancy, an animal study has found. "Maternal exercise significantly improved male offspring´s insulin and glucose metabolism whereas female offspring showed only modest improvements," a researcher said.
Difficult to break the soda habit? Sugar-sweetened beverages suppress body´s stress response16 de Abril de 2015
Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages can suppress the hormone cortisol and stress responses in the brain, but diet beverages sweetened with aspartame do not have the same effect, according to a new study.
After prostate cancer, start walking, experts say16 de Abril de 2015
Walking at an easy pace for about three hours every week may be just enough physical activity to help prostate cancer survivors reduce damaging side effects of their treatment, according to a new study. "Non-vigorous walking for three hours per week seems to improve the fatigue, depression and body weight issues that affect many men post-treatment," said the lead author of the study. "If you walk even more briskly, for only 90 minutes a week, you could also see similar benefits in these areas."
What is more rewarding: Soccer goal or prize money?15 de Abril de 2015
Soccer fans hold their breath in situations like these: Two players on a team are in front of the opponent´s goal with the attacking player having to make an important decision: Is it better to pass the ball to the teammate or to take the shot yourself? What happens in the brain during the course of such situations and upon scoring a goal is very similar to the processes and reward sequence with monetary incentives, researchers have discovered.
Testicular cancer link found for muscle-building supplements15 de Abril de 2015
A new study associates taking muscle-building supplements with an increased risk of testicular cancer. Men who used such pills and powders were more likely to have developed testicular cancer than those who did not, especially if they started before age 25, took more than one supplement, or used the supplements for three or more years.
Exercise improves non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, new study indicates12 de Abril de 2015
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the Western world. A new study shows that exercise, regardless of frequency or intensity, benefits obese and overweight adults with NAFLD.Saiba mais
Clinical Sense App lets you play doctor on your phone12 de Abril de 2015
For many providers, medical applications are primarily about finding answers to clinical questions as rapidly as possible. However, a number of developers are exploring medical applications that resemble games. Games theory and gamification of medical education is still in its infancy, but more and more apps are being developed especially as the mobile technology platform continues to mature. The latest iPhone and Android devices are much more capable of high quality game play then even a generation or two ago.
Shorter height is directly associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease09 de Abril de 2015
A genetic approach has been used by researchers to show link between height and disease. "We have shown that the association between shorter height and higher risk of coronary heart disease is a primary relationship and is not due to confounding factors such as nutrition or poor socioeconomic conditions," a researcher notes. Coronary heart disease is the most common cause of death worldwide. Nearly one in six men and one in ten women die from coronary heart disease.Saiba mais
Small portions of fast food just as effective for recovery after work-out as sports supplements07 de Abril de 2015
A new study found there was no significant difference in glycogen recovery when cyclists ate fast food after a workout versus when they ingested traditional sports supplements such as Gatorade, Powerbar and Clif products.
Few commercial weight-loss programs show reliable evidence of effectiveness: Most don´t work07 de Abril de 2015
In a bid to help physicians guide obese and overweight patients who want to try a commercial weight-loss program, researchers reviewed 4,200 studies for solid evidence of their effectiveness but concluded only a few dozen of the studies met the scientific gold standard of reliability.
Turbo-charging hormone can regrow the heart, animal study suggests07 de Abril de 2015
Researchers have discovered a way to stimulate muscle regrowth in the heart of a mouse, opening up prospects of new treatments for people who suffer heart attacks.
Characteristic pattern of protein deposits in brains of retired NFL players who suffered concussions07 de Abril de 2015
A new study takes another step toward the early understanding of a degenerative brain condition called chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, which affects athletes in contact sports who are exposed to repetitive brain injuries. Using a new imaging tool, researchers found a strikingly similar pattern of abnormal protein deposits in the brains of retired NFL players who suffered from concussions.
Guide to getting full text papers through the apps on your mobile device03 de Abril de 2015
So many abstracts, but where are the PDFs?
We have reviewed a number of journal apps lately. Some, like Read by QxMD and Docphin, are designed for both browsing and reading of medical journals, whether it is intentional or serendipitous. Others, like PubMed for Handhelds, PubMed on Tap, and Unbound MEDLINE, allow you to search PubMed for articles on a topic. One question common to users of any of these apps is how to get to the full text of the manuscripts you need.
That’s what we’re going to review here.
Deaths from cardiovascular disease increase globally while mortality rates decrease02 de Abril de 2015
Deaths from cardiovascular disease increase globally while mortality rates decrease, a new report suggests. Cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of premature death in the world, include heart attacks, strokes, and other circulatory diseases. At the same time, efforts to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases appear to be working as the rise in deaths is slower than the overall growth of the population.
Each hour spent watching TV daily increases risk of developing diabetes by 3.4 percent02 de Abril de 2015
Each hour spent watching TV daily increases the risk of developing diabetes by 3.4 percent, concludes a study, emphasizing that changing sedentary behavior has the opportunity to improve health in many different ways.
Physical activity benefits lung cancer patients, survivors02 de Abril de 2015
Exercise and physical activity should be considered as therapeutic options for lung cancer as they have been shown to reduce symptoms, increase exercise tolerance, improve quality of life, and potentially reduce length of hospital stay and complications following surgery for lung cancer.
Worked-based wellness programs reduce weight02 de Abril de 2015
Workplace wellness programs can be effective in helping people lose weight by providing healthier food choices and increasing opportunities for physical activity, particularly if these efforts are designed with the input and active participation of employees, a new study confirms. The two-year project successfully reduced the number or people considered overweight or obese by almost 9 percent.
Decline in heart health can start in childhood02 de Abril de 2015
Most people start life with robust heart health but can lose it with unhealthy childhood behaviors. In a nationally representative survey, few children under age 12 had an ideal diet and about 30 percent were overweight or obese. The better equipped children are to make healthy choices, the healthier their hearts will be in adulthood, researchers said.
Antioxidant therapy may have promising potential in concussion treatment02 de Abril de 2015
Antioxidants may play a key role in reducing the long-term effects of concussions and could potentially offer a unique new approach for treatment, a new study suggests. Common among athletes and soldiers, it is estimated that 3.4 million concussions occur each year in the United States. The development of a readily available oral supplement would have the potential to improve brain function in a percentage of concussion sufferers.
Marketing of energy drinks placed on TV channels that appeal to teens01 de Abril de 2015
Though the Academy of Pediatrics advises against the consumption of energy drinks by teens, research finds that manufacturers market the bulk of their products on TV channels that likely appeal to teens.
Exercise largely absent from US medical school curriculum, study shows01 de Abril de 2015
Fewer than half of the physicians trained in the United States in 2013 received formal education or training on the subject of exercise, according to new research. "There are immense medical benefits to exercise; it can help as much as medicine to address some health concerns," said a national expert on the benefits of physical activity. "Because exercise has medicinal as well as other benefits, I was surprised that medical schools didn´t spend more time on it."
Short bouts of high-intensity exercise before a fatty meal best for vascular health01 de Abril de 2015
A short burst of intensive exercise before eating a high fat meal is better for blood vessel function in young people than the currently recommended moderate-intensity exercise, according to a new study. Cardiovascular diseases including heart attacks and stroke a leading cause of death, and the process underlying these diseases start in youth. An impairment in the function of blood vessels is thought to be the earliest event in this process, and this is known to occur in the hours after consuming a high fat meal.
Exercise can outweigh harmful effects of air pollution01 de Abril de 2015
The beneficial effects of exercise are more important for our health than the negative effects of air pollution, in relation to the risk of premature mortality, new research shows. In other words, benefits of exercise outweigh the harmful effects of air pollution.
More weight-loss strategies needed for people with neurological disabilities01 de Abril de 2015
A review of nutrition and weight-loss interventions for people with impaired mobility found strategies are sorely lacking for people with neurological disabilities. Interventions are overwhelmingly geared toward muscular disorders, leaving a gap in approaches that could help people with neurological disabilities become more active, eat healthier and lose weight, researchers conclude.
Incorporating exercise into classroom lessons increases children´s physical activity levels28 de Março de 2015
Short-burst exercise program incorporated into classroom lessons increases children´s activity levels, a study confirms.
`Exercise hormone´ irisin may be a myth28 de Março de 2015
The discovery of the `exercise hormone´ irisin and more than 170 papers about it since have been called into question by a new study showing the findings were based on flawed assay kits. An international team has found that the commercial antibodies used to measure levels of irisin in blood were poorly vetted and nonspecific. They argue that the irisin levels reported by these commercial kits were actually due to unknown blood proteins.
More than one-third of Division I college athletes may have low vitamin D levels28 de Março de 2015
A new study found that more than one-third of elite, Division I college athletes may have low levels of vitamin D, which is critical in helping the body to absorb calcium needed to maintain bone mass, and to minimize musculoskeletal pain and injury risk.
Cerebral blood flow as a possible marker for concussion outcomes28 de Março de 2015
Cerebral blood flow recovery in the brain could be a biomarker of outcomes in patients following concussion, a new imaging study suggests. Most of the 3.8 million sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) that occur annually are concussions. Developing methods to diagnose the presence and severity of concussions is imperative, the authors say.
Most NFL players with injuries to the midfoot return to game action28 de Março de 2015
Nearly 93 percent of National Football League (NFL) athletes who sustained traumatic injuries to the midfoot returned to competition less than 15 months after injury and with no statistically significant decrease in performance, according to new research.
Neither vitamin D nor exercise affected fall rates among older women in Finland26 de Março de 2015
In a clinical trial that explored the effectiveness of exercise training and vitamin D supplementation for reducing falls in older women, neither intervention affected the overall rate of falls, according to a new article.
Along with antiretroviral medications, doctors may prescribe exercise for people with HIV26 de Março de 2015
In addition to antiretroviral medications, people with HIV may soon begin receiving a home exercise plan from their doctors, according to a researcher. An estimated 1.2 million people in the United States live with HIV, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Therapeutic exercise lessens lung injury, muscle wasting in critically ill patients26 de Março de 2015
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening lung condition that affects approximately 200,000 people a year in the United States and has a higher mortality rate than breast and prostate cancer combined. The condition most often occurs in people who are critically ill or who have significant injuries; those who do survive it often experience profound skeletal muscle weakness.
New score predicts heart disease and stroke risk for anyone in world aged over 4026 de Março de 2015
For the first time, scientists have developed a new risk score that can predict the 10-year risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke in persons aged 40 years or older in any world country.
Top 15 Internal Medicine apps for iPhone and Android26 de Março de 2015
The following is a list of the best apps for Internal Medicine physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and other clinicians. For some areas, we offer two or three apps to form a more complete set of tools for the task at hand. We selected apps based on our experiences working as internal and family medicine physicians as well as the thousands of apps that the iMedicalApps team has screened and comprehensively reviewed.
Running barefoot may increase injury risk in older, more experienced athletes24 de Março de 2015
In recent years there has been an explosion in barefoot running, as well as the purchase and use of `minimalist´ running shoes that more closely resemble barefoot running by encouraging the balls of the feet, between the arch and toes, to hit the pavement first. A new study found that a significant number of experienced runners, age 30 and older (40 percent of men and 20 percent of women), maintained a heel-first running pattern -- which naturally occurs when wearing a shoe with an elevated heel -- when running without shoes.
Social media training works best for student-athletes, study shows24 de Março de 2015
Placing less reliance on monitoring software and modifying new media training to align with student-athletes´ habits and input will promote more positive and responsible usage on social networks, research shows.
Exercise linked to improved erectile, sexual function in men24 de Março de 2015
Men who exercise more have better erectile and sexual function, regardless of race, according to a recent study. "This study is the first to link the benefits of exercise in relation to improved erectile and sexual function in a racially diverse group of patients," said the senior author of the study.
Recommendation for vitamin D intake was miscalculated, is far too low, experts say24 de Março de 2015
Researchers are challenging the intake of vitamin D recommended by the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine saying their Recommended Dietary Allowance for vitamin D underestimates the need by a factor of ten.
Patients with mental illness less likely to receive diet, exercise advice24 de Março de 2015
Many patients with mental illness, even those at high risk for diabetes and other diseases, are not being counseled by health care providers to exercise or eat healthy, a recent studied has found.
Free interactive medical app that teaches surgical techniques23 de Março de 2015
Learning any new technique or skill can be challenging or overwhelming at times. This is especially true when learning something with multiple steps that must be performed in a fixed sequence, as is the case with many surgical techniques. Many surgical textbooks and technique guides focus on a step-by-step educational model in an attempt to simplify this learning process.
Exercise slows tumor growth, improves chemotherapy in mouse cancers22 de Março de 2015
One way many cancers grow resistant to treatment is by generating a web of blood vessels that are so jumbled they fail to provide adequate oxygen to the tumor. With oxygen starvation, the tumor gains a sort of cloaking device that protects it from the toxic effects of chemotherapy drugs and radiation, which are designed to seek out well-oxygenated tissue. Researchers have long tested various approaches to improving blood flow to the tumor in the hopes of restoring potency to treatments, however, to date, not much has shown promise.
Friends may make the difference in keeping children active22 de Março de 2015
Children who engaged in physical activity with a friend had less negative feelings about exercise than children who were joined by or encouraged by family members to exercise. Children cited feeling self-conscious, lack of enjoyment, poor health, lack of self-discipline, and lack of energy as the most common barriers to being physically active.
From soda bans to bike lanes: Which `natural experiments´ really reduce obesity?22 de Março de 2015
Many public health researchers take advantage of `natural experiments´ -- comparing people´s calorie consumption or physical activity levels, either before and after a policy or environmental change, or in contrast to a similar group of people not affected by that change. But not all natural experiments are created equal. A public health team has now systematically reviewed the state of the science.
Body Temperature and Obesity: New Study Suggests Connection18 de Março de 2015
A new study suggests that a biological inability to create sufficient core body heat could be linked to the obesity epidemic.
Healthy diet reduces risk of cardiovascular disease by a third in over-40s18 de Março de 2015
Men and women who adapt their daily diet to meet current UK dietary guidelines could reduce their risk of a heart attack or a stroke by up to a third, according to a new English study. Those on the modified diet ate oily fish once a week, more fruit and vegetables, replaced refined with wholegrain cereals, swapped high-fat dairy products and meats for low-fat alternatives, and restricted their intake of added sugar and salt.
Changes in health care delivery essential to combat chronic disease18 de Março de 2015
Chronic disease accounts for 7 of every 10 deaths in the United States and more than 75% of total health care costs. Among people 65 years old and older, over 92% suffer from one or more chronic diseases. By 2020, it is estimated that 48% of the total population will have chronic disease. In a new article, researchers discuss how existing health care delivery models are poorly constructed to manage chronic disease, and how a reengineering of the health care system might offer some hope in meeting this challenge.
Scientists move closer to creating cartilage from stem cells18 de Março de 2015
Scientists have succeeded in producing cartilage formed from embryonic stem cells that could in future be used to treat the painful joint condition osteoarthritis. With their huge capacity to proliferate, embryonic stem cells, which can be manipulated to form almost any type of mature cell, offer the possibility of high-volume production of cartilage cells. Their use would also be cheaper and applicable to greater number of arthritis patients, the researchers claim.
Keeping the heart´s engine in sync: Study shows contractions rely on critical protein for efficient function18 de Março de 2015
A remarkable protein that helps choreograph the highly specific series of events that ensure the heart beats consistently and accurately has been discovered by researchers. Called myosin-binding protein C (cMyBP-C), this protein performs its masterpiece inside the sarcomere, a part of the heart muscle tissue that is one-fiftieth the diameter of a human hair. Trillions or more sarcomeres must contract simultaneously in order for the heart to maintain its beat. Problems with this protein can cause sudden death via a condition called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Energy drinks raise resting blood pressure, with effect most dramatic in those not used to caffeine14 de Março de 2015
Healthy young adults who don´t consume caffeine regularly experienced greater rise in resting blood pressure after consumption of a commercially available energy drink — compared to a placebo drink — thus raising the concern that energy drinks may increase the risk of cardiac events, researchers found.
Loneliness and social isolation are just as much a threat to longevity as obesity14 de Março de 2015
Loneliness and social isolation are just as much a threat to longevity as obesity. The effect occurs even for people who like to be alone. Lack of relationships is a bigger health risk for people under age 65.
Improving your fitness could improve fitness of your spouse14 de Março de 2015
Your exercise regimen isn’t just good for you; it may also be good for your spouse. New research finds that if one spouse improves his or her exercise regimen, the other spouse is significantly more likely to follow suit.
Pre-game jitters: Student athletes, parents both contribute to anxious feelings before competition, research suggests14 de Março de 2015
A student athlete´s anxiety levels before competition are determined not only by their own expectations for their performance, but their parents´ expectations as well, a new study concludes.
Why exercise magnifies exhaustion for chronic fatigue syndrome patients12 de Março de 2015
The mechanism that causes high-performance athletes to `feel the burn´ turns out to be the culprit in what makes people with chronic fatigue syndrome feel exhausted by the most common daily activities, new research shows.
Healthy eating, exercise, and brain-training program results in slower mental decline for older people12 de Março de 2015
A comprehensive program providing older people at risk of dementia with healthy eating guidance, exercise, brain training, and management of metabolic and vascular risk factors appears to slow down cognitive decline, according to the first ever randomized controlled trial of its kind.
Exercise may help keep seniors moving longer despite old age brain decline12 de Março de 2015
Older people who are physically active may be protecting themselves from the effects of small areas of brain damage that can affect their movement abilities, according to a new study. The results remained the same after researchers adjusted for other factors that could affect the relationship, such as body mass index (BMI), depression and vascular disease.
Find out what your apps are really doing12 de Março de 2015
Apps, these tiny programs on Internet-connected mobile phones are increasingly becoming entryways for surveillance and fraud. Computer scientists have now developed a program that can show users whether the apps on their smartphone are accessing private information, and what they do with that data.
Excess sitting linked to coronary artery calcification, an early indicator of heart problems07 de Março de 2015
Sitting for many hours per day is associated with increased coronary artery calcification, a marker of subclinical heart disease that can increase the risk of a heart attack, according to research. Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease and the leading cause of death in the United States.
Losing 30 minutes of sleep per day may promote weight gain and adversely affect blood sugar control07 de Março de 2015
Losing as little as 30 minutes of sleep per day on weekdays can have long-term consequences for body weight and metabolism, a new study finds.
ECG app uses live monitor displays to test interpretation skills07 de Março de 2015
For healthcare professionals and students looking to assess their ECG knowledge, ECG Test is an app that provides a collection of over 800 real-patient ECGs in a live-monitor display so as to mimic what a physician or paramedic would see on a patient.
Why nitrate supplementation may increase athletic performance03 de Março de 2015
Walk down the aisles of any food supplement store and you´ll see that the use of nitrate supplements by athletes and fitness buffs has been popular for years. The hope is that these supplements will increase endurance, and possibly other performance/health benefits, by improving the efficiency at which muscles use oxygen. Now, a research study helps explain how some of these supplements may work.
Review of frozen shoulder physical therapy app03 de Março de 2015
Home exercise plans are an integral part of rehabilitation and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. However, it can be hard for patients to understand directions or remember what the doctor showed them at their clinic visits. This is where an app demonstrating the exercises can be very useful. This is what the developers were going for when they developed the frozen shoulder app for treating adhesive capsulitis aka frozen shoulder.
Treadmill performance predicts mortality02 de Março de 2015
Analyzing data from 58,000 heart stress tests, Johns Hopkins cardiologists report they have developed a formula that estimates one´s risk of dying over a decade based on a person´s ability to exercise on a treadmill at an increasing speed and incline. For example, a 45-year-old woman with a fitness score in the bottom fifth percentile is estimated to have a 38 percent risk of dying over the next decade, compared with 2 percent for a 45-year-old woman with a top fitness score.
Study: MRI preferred to confirm exam-based diagnosis of meniscal tear02 de Março de 2015
Recently published data indicated the preferred and most cost-effective usage of MRI in the diagnosis of meniscal tears was as confirmation of a physical examiner´s diagnosis.
Novel computer model designed to understand cardiovascular diseases28 de Fevereiro de 2015
A novel three-dimensional, multiscale and multicomponent model of endothelial cells monolayer, the inner lining of artery, has been developed by researchers to identify the cellular mechanisms involved in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). New research based on the model is able to identify the main cellular pathways involved in the initiation and progression of the disease.
The £180 billion bill for living in a material world: Material lifestyles not making us happier28 de Fevereiro de 2015
Our modern material lifestyles are failing to make us happier, damaging our health, are no longer sustainable and cost the overall economy tens of billions of pounds every year.
Meditation can reduce chronic neck pain, study shows28 de Fevereiro de 2015
Meditation might be an effective treatment for reducing chronic neck pain, according to research. Chronic neck pain can lead to serious comorbidities like depression. Patients with chronic neck pain frequently experience distress. Meditation has been increasingly used as a supportive treatment for individuals with chronic pain.
Clinicians prevent diabetic heart condition by magnifying effect of exercise28 de Fevereiro de 2015
Magnifying a benefit of exercise in mice provided a `profound´ protection from diabetic cardiomyopathy, a potentially deadly heart condition that affects many people with diabetes. The discovery demonstrates the power of exercise to prevent chronic health conditions and suggests that one day some benefits of exercise may come in a pill or bottle.
More than two hours of TV a day increases high blood pressure risk in children by 30%28 de Fevereiro de 2015
A study on European children concludes that spending more than two hours a day in front of a screen increases the probability of high blood pressure by 30%. The article also points out that doing no daily physical activity or doing less than an hour a day increases this risk by 50%.
Medrills Fracture App Teaches Emergent Musculoskeletal Care28 de Fevereiro de 2015
Musculoskeletal injuries are one of the most common injuries encountered in medicine. The initial evaluation and management of fractures is especially important. Teaching medical personnel, including first responders, the proper evaluation and management of these injuries is crucial for patient comfort and appropriate treatment.
The Medrills Fracture app is one in a series of apps presented by ArchieMD for medical education. They have created several apps focused on teaching medical professionals how to evaluate and treat patients. The apps are utilized by military and hospital institutions to efficiently teach important health care topics.
Marine oil supplement has positive effects on post-exercise muscle damage24 de Fevereiro de 2015
There may be a greater connection between mussels and muscles than previously thought. A new study has found that taking a pre-exercise supplement of the omega-3 PCSO-524, a marine oil lipid derived from the New Zealand green-lipped mussel, has significant positive effects on post-exercise muscle damage.
`Walking Football´ phenomenon has great health benefits24 de Fevereiro de 2015
`Walking football´ could have a multitude of health benefits, researchers say, after studying the sport. The new sporting craze of `Walking Football´ may enable people to continue playing football into their 60s and 70s while reaping a multitude of health benefits, according to the researchers.
Injuries of professional soccer players twelve times more frequent in competition than during training sessions?24 de Fevereiro de 2015
The risk of injury during competition matches is twelve times higher than during training sessions in players of the "Professional Football League." The most common ones are muscular injuries and those resulting from overexertion, which imply recovery periods of around one week. These findings follow an extensive epidemiological study that analyses the characteristics of injuries to professional soccer players in Spain.
Minimally invasive achilles tendon surgery reduces healing complications and leaves a smaller scar24 de Fevereiro de 2015
A new minimally invasive surgery for repairing a ruptured Achilles tendon requires a smaller incision, minimizes wound healing complications and leaves less scar tissue, clinicians report.
Economists recommend paying college athletes24 de Fevereiro de 2015
The current compensation arrangement for big-time college athletics is inefficient, inequitable and very likely unsustainable, according to a new study by economists. The article concludes that an evolution to a competitive labor market with fewer restrictions on pay for top athletes may be inevitable, though the transition will be difficult.
Sauna use associated with reduced risk of cardiac, all-cause mortality23 de Fevereiro de 2015
A sauna may do more than just make you sweat. A new study suggests men who engaged in frequent sauna use had reduced risks of fatal cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality, according to a new article.
Reducing energy efficiency boosts calorie burning in muscle23 de Fevereiro de 2015
A targeted approach that overrides muscles´ intrinsic energy efficiency and allows muscle to burn more energy, even during low to moderate exercise, has been developed by scientists. The new findings might provide the basis of a therapy that could help people get a head start on losing weight by helping to overcome the body´s natural resistance to weight loss.
Older adults with limited mobility may lessen heart problems with activity23 de Fevereiro de 2015
Every minute of physical activity may lower risk of heart attack or coronary death in older adults with limited mobility. The amount of activity appeared more important to predicted heart risk than the intensity of the activity, researchers say.
Anti-inflammatory mechanism of dieting and fasting revealed23 de Fevereiro de 2015
Researchers have found that a compound produced by the body when dieting or fasting can block a part of the immune system involved in several inflammatory disorders such as type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer´s disease.
Primary care-based program helps overweight, middle-aged women increase physical activity21 de Fevereiro de 2015
Getting help from the family doctor may be a better way for overweight, middle-aged women to increase their physical activity, rather than trying to go it alone, according to a recent trial.
Treadmill desks offer limited benefits, pose challenges in the workplace, study shows21 de Fevereiro de 2015
Treadmill desks can help overweight or obese office workers get out of their chairs and get moving, but a 12-week study found that the increase in physical activity was small and did not help workers meet public health guidelines for daily exercise.
Smartphone apps just as accurate as wearable devices for tracking physical activity21 de Fevereiro de 2015
Although wearable devices have received significant attention for their ability to track an individual’s physical activity, most smartphone applications are just as accurate, according to new research. The study tested 10 of the top-selling smartphone apps and devices in the United States by having 14 participants walk on a treadmill for 500 and 1,500 steps, each twice (for a total of 56 trials), and then recording their step counts.
Widening health inequalities among adolescents, international study reveals21 de Fevereiro de 2015
Over the past decade, rising national wealth across high-income countries has contributed to some improvements in health and well-being among adolescents. But the gap in health between rich and poor has widened, an international study of nearly half a million adolescents from 34 countries across Europe and North America has found.
Med Pearls app reminds you to practice evidence based medicine21 de Fevereiro de 2015
How many times have you attended a conference or even a lecture at grand rounds and been excited about practice-changing information only to forget to put it into practice once you are back in clinic? As a provider who attends and presents at numerous conferences each year this is definitely a problem I have personally encountered.
I have seen residents and fellows get excited by the latest evidence from a guest speaker or new journal article that includes a practice-changing conclusion only to review charts days later seeing the “old” evidence still in use. Why can’t we more readily change our practice?
Awkward positions, distractions and fatigue may trigger low back pain21 de Fevereiro de 2015
New research reveals the physical and psychosocial factors that significantly increase the risk of low back pain onset. In fact results show that being engaged in manual tasks involving awkward positions will increase the risk of low back pain by eight times. Those who are distracted during activities or fatigued also significantly increase their risk of acute low back pain.
Though uncommon, stress fractures can significantly impact RTP in young athletes21 de Fevereiro de 2015
Recent study data showed that although relatively uncommon, stress fractures can significantly impact return to play in the young athlete.
Researchers culled data from the High School Reporting Information Online system on 51,773 injuries sustained by student-athletes between the 2005-2006 and 2012-2013 school years. Data were evaluated for rates and patterns of stress fracture sustained per athlete-exposure broken down by gender and sport.
FIQUE ATENTO: INFORMAÇÕES SOBRE RESIDÊNCIA EM MEDICINA DO ESPORTE NO PAÍS21 de Fevereiro de 2015
A residência em medicina do esporte tem como objetivo formar o profissional para atuar com atletas em programas de prevenção de lesões e treinamentos adequados, focado no rendimento esportivo, mas também com portadores de doenças crônicas relacionadas ao sedentarismo e que se beneficiam com exercícios físicos, entre outros.
Can you judge a man by his fingers? Link between relative lengths of index and ring fingers in men and behavior towards women19 de Fevereiro de 2015
Men with short index fingers and long ring fingers are on average nicer towards women. This phenomenon stems from their fetal life, and the hormones these men have been exposed to in their mother´s womb. The findings might help explain why these men have more children.
Individuals with type 2 diabetes should exercise after dinner19 de Fevereiro de 2015
Individuals with type 2 diabetes have heightened amounts of sugars and fats in their blood, which increases their risks for cardiovascular diseases such as strokes and heart attacks. Exercise is a popular prescription for individuals suffering from the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Now, researchers have found that individuals with type 2 diabetes can lower their risks of cardiovascular diseases more effectively by exercising after a meal.
Osteoarthritis patients benefit from jumping exercise19 de Fevereiro de 2015
Progressive high-impact training improved the patellar cartilage quality of the postmenopausal women who may be at risk of osteoporosis (bone loss) as well as at risk of osteoarthritis. The effects of high-impact exercise were examined on knee cartilages, osteoarthritis symptoms and physical function in postmenopausal women with mild knee osteoarthritis.
Beating high blood pressure with a combination of coconut oil and physical exercise: Animal study19 de Fevereiro de 2015
Researchers set out to test the hypothesis that a combination of daily coconut oil intake and exercise training would restore baroreflex sensitivity and reduce oxidative stress, resulting in reduction in blood pressure.
Women active a few times weekly have lower risk of heart disease, stroke and blood clots17 de Fevereiro de 2015
Middle-aged women physically active a few times per week have lower risks of heart disease, stroke and blood clots than inactive women. More frequent physical activity does not appear to lower the risks further, research shows.
Experts question value of current obesity treatments17 de Fevereiro de 2015
The mantra in obesity treatment is `eat less and move more´. But a leading group of obesity experts question the belief that this is sufficient to treat obesity. They argue that obesity is a chronic disease with largely biological causes that cannot be cured with just diet and exercise.
High cholesterol in 30s, 40s, increases later risk of heart disease17 de Fevereiro de 2015
Most young adults might assume they have years before needing to worry about their cholesterol. But new findings suggest that even slightly high cholesterol levels in otherwise healthy adults between the ages of 35 and 55 can have long-term impacts on their heart health, with every decade of high cholesterol increasing their chances of heart disease by 39 percent.
Attention runners: Achilles can handle `ups and downs´ better than you think16 de Fevereiro de 2015
A new study reveals great news about the Achilles heel: the Achilles tendon is capable of adapting to uphill and downhill running better than previously believed. Their findings show that there is no increased risk for Achilles injury when running at different grades. The research should be of interest to marathon runners, who often face various grades during competition.
Would you take dieting advice from a friend?16 de Fevereiro de 2015
Is a new diet or exercise program working for a friend? If so, there´s a good chance that you will try it, too. A person who finds success in a wellness program is more influential in getting friends to sign up than a charismatic, but less successful pal, according to a new study.
Motorized cycling may prime brain for relearning after stroke16 de Fevereiro de 2015
Exercise on a motorized stationary bike appeared to give stroke patients an advantage in relearning everyday tasks and improving motor function of their arms. A motorized bike helps patients with limited mobility pedal and achieve a target aerobic heart rate.
Universal access to physical activity could save billions in health costs13 de Fevereiro de 2015
A little more than half of family health teams in Ontario offer physical activity services such as classes or counselling to encourage exercise among patients, and new research finds that standardizing access could help reduce the $6.8-billion cost associated with a sedentary lifestyle. There is a link between a lack of physical activity and chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and obesity.
Data-storage for eternity, stored in the form of DNA13 de Fevereiro de 2015
How can we preserve our knowledge today for the next millennia? Researchers have found a way to store information in the form of DNA, presumably preserving it for nearly an eternity.
Caution concerning the possible health benefits of alcohol: Beneficial only for women over 65?13 de Fevereiro de 2015
Any health benefits from alcohol may be limited to women aged 65 and over -- and even then may have been exaggerated by existing studies. High alcohol consumption has been associated with more than 200 acute and chronic conditions. Globally, more than three million deaths each year are attributed to alcohol.
Google working with Mayo Clinic to make googling health information more useful13 de Fevereiro de 2015
This week, Google announced plans to make those searches your patients are doing for health information more reliable by delivering information curated by its own physicians and others from the Mayo Clinic.
Largest ever genome-wide study strengthens genetic link to obesity12 de Fevereiro de 2015
While diet and exercise are important, new findings sharpen the role genetics play in people´s tendency to gain weight and where the fat is stored. This work is the first step toward finding individual genes that play key roles in body shape and size.
Researchers identify peptide that reduces urge to eat12 de Fevereiro de 2015
Researchers have identified a peptide and hormone that when administered to a specific area of the brain may reduce the desire for food. The study may one day lead to medications that treat obesity and binge eating disorders.
Sunlight and vitamin D levels higher for coastal populations12 de Fevereiro de 2015
People living close to the coast in England have higher vitamin D levels than inland dwellers. Exposure to sunlight is a crucial factor in vitamin D production and the research has also found that English coasts tend to see a greater amount of sunlight across the year when compared with inland areas. The study is the first time that data on sunlight and vitamin D levels have been linked to detailed geographical information.
Oxygen uptake in respiratory muscles differs between men and women during exercise11 de Fevereiro de 2015
Muscles necessary for breathing need a greater amount of oxygen in women than in men, according to a new study.
Review of University of Michigan´s concussion management app, Return2Play11 de Fevereiro de 2015
In light of the spotlight placed on the NFL concussion settlement and evidence of the detrimental long-term effects of concussions, iMedicalApps began an extensive review of the most up to date concussion guidelines. Based on these guidelines, iMedicalApps published an article with recommendations on the best apps for concussion assessment and evaluation.
However, after the athlete has been assessed using tools like the Concussion Assessment & Response App, how can we manage the day-to-day recovery of athletes? Athletes, by nature, are highly competitive individuals and want to return to action as soon as possible. Allowing a player to return to play too early or at an inappropriate stage of recovery can lead to an increased risk for a repeat concussion and long-term brain injury.
Another reason to drink wine: It could help you burn fat, study suggests09 de Fevereiro de 2015
Drinking red grape juice or wine -- in moderation -- could improve the health of overweight people by helping them burn fat better, a new study indicates. The findings suggest that consuming dark-colored grapes, whether eating them or drinking juice or wine, might help people better manage obesity and related metabolic disorders such as fatty liver.
Physician review of iHealth wireless blood pressure monitor09 de Fevereiro de 2015
To help more effectively manage high blood pressure, many physicians and healthcare professionals, myself included, recommend home blood pressure monitoring. Many patients with hypertension proactively engage in home blood pressure monitoring as well.
The iHealth Wireless Blood Pressure Monitor was one of the first smartphone compatible blood pressure monitors on the market.
Physical activity as medicine among Family Health Teams: Study09 de Fevereiro de 2015
To better understand the current use of physical activity as medicine among Family Health Teams (FHTs) in Ontario, researchers conducted an environmental scan of 102 FHTs. Family Health Teams (FHTs) are part of a shift towards a multidisciplinary primary care model that addresses the healthcare needs of a community by allowing different healthcare professionals to work collaboratively under one roof.
Bring PubMed to the bedside: using your mobile device to do quick searches09 de Fevereiro de 2015
Like most clinicians, scientists, or other members of the healthcare team, you probably search PubMed regularly to find research articles to support your clinical decision-making and research. PubMed functions perfectly on computers and tablets, but there are plenty of scenarios where you may want to run a quick search on your smartphone.
A number of apps for searching PubMed are available and we´re going to look at some of the options for accessing PubMed on a small mobile device, starting with those available from the US National Library of Medicine, which creates and manages PubMed.
If Facebook use causes envy, depression could follow07 de Fevereiro de 2015
Facebook use can lead to symptoms of depression if the social networking site triggers feelings of envy among its users, research shows. "Facebook can be a fun and healthy activity if users take advantage of the site to stay connected with family and old friends and to share interesting and important aspects of their lives," an author said. "However, if Facebook is used to see how well an acquaintance is doing financially or how happy an old friend is in his relationship--things that cause envy among users--use of the site can lead to feelings of depression."
HIV and syphilis biomarkers: Smartphone, finger prick, 15 minute diagnosis07 de Fevereiro de 2015
Medical researchers have developed a low-cost smartphone accessory that can perform a point-of-care test that simultaneously detects three infectious disease markers -- HIV and syphilis -- from a finger prick of blood in just 15 minutes. The device replicates, for the first time, all mechanical, optical, and electronic functions of a lab-based blood test without requiring any stored energy: all necessary power is drawn from the smartphone.
Who´s going to win? The answer could depend on biological clocks of the athletes07 de Fevereiro de 2015
The outcome of that big sporting event you just can´t wait to watch may depend on how the timing of the match aligns -- or doesn´t -- with the internal biological clocks of the athletes on the teams, according to a new study. Athletes and coaches would do well to make note and adjust their schedules accordingly, the researchers say.
Pay-to-play sports: Parents with traditional beliefs about gender may shortchange daughters07 de Fevereiro de 2015
Parents with the most traditional beliefs about masculinity and femininity are likelier to view pay-to-play sports fees as too high for daughters compared with sons, a new study suggests.
Light jogging may be most optimal for longevity: Too much strenuous jogging may be harmful06 de Fevereiro de 2015
Jogging may be best in small quantities according to a new study. The study, which tracked hours of jogging, frequency, and the individual´s perception of pace, found that over the 12-year study strenuous joggers were as likely to die as sedentary non-joggers, while light joggers had the lowest rates of death.
How to make your New Year´s resolution last one year, not one month06 de Fevereiro de 2015
A kinesiologist breaks down some simple steps to stick to your weight loss resolution for the full year. "If you start with lofty goals, it´s easy to become discouraged if you don´t meet those goals right away," she says. "Start by trying to do something once or twice a week for short durations of about 10 to 15 minutes. Then you can build up from there. This way you can set yourself up to be successful." Saiba mais
Sleep problems may impact bone health03 de Fevereiro de 2015
The daily rhythm of bone turnover is likely important for normal bone health, and recent research suggests that sleep apnea may be an unrecognized cause of some cases of osteoporosis. Sleep apnea´s effects on sleep duration and quality, oxygen levels, inflammation, and other aspects of health may have a variety of impacts on bone metabolism, experts say.
Simple intervention can make your brain more receptive to health advice03 de Fevereiro de 2015
A new discovery shows how a simple intervention -- self-affirmation -- can open our brains to accept advice that is hard to hear. Psychologists have used self-affirmation as a technique to improve outcomes ranging from health behaviors in high risk patients to increasing academic performance in at risk youth, suggesting that the findings may be applicable across a wide range of interventions.
Seeing the knee in a new light: Fluorescent probe tracks osteoarthritis development03 de Fevereiro de 2015
A harmless fluorescent probe injected into a joint may make it easier to diagnose and monitor osteoarthritis, leading to better patient care. A new study led by biomedical researchers reports that such a probe successfully tracked the development of early to moderate osteoarthritis in male mice.
Fitness game for the physically impaired03 de Fevereiro de 2015
Modern IT has the potential to make fitness training more varied for people with physical limitations. But what exactly is required? Researchers put this question to thalidomide victims, and developed new IT-based fitness training technology in close collaboration with them. The method motivates users with elements found in computer games.
CDC Measles information for physicians available in app form03 de Fevereiro de 2015
The CDC provides great guidelines for physicians — especially in regards to influenza management, STD treatment, and other infectious disease algorithms.
I wrote about how their CDC influenza app was a great resource for determining when to give Tamiflu or other antiviral therapy to patients.
But it´s impossible for the CDC to create apps for specific disease pathology that are “trending”. Instead, their relationship with AgileMD is enabling them to transform their content to mobile seamlessly and quickly.
The best medical apps for keeping up with new literature02 de Fevereiro de 2015
Keeping up with medical literature is challenging. In the first seven days of 2015, there were over 40,000 article citations added to the PubMed database.
We’ve reviewed several great apps that are designed to help you read medical journals on your smartphone or tablet: Docphin, Read by QXMD, Browzine, and DocNews (formerly known as DocWise). When we set out to pick the best, we realized pretty quickly that we have a somewhat unique challenge here. Clinicians have very different needs and styles when it comes to the literature in their field so they prioritize different features.
Expert panel recommends new sleep durations02 de Fevereiro de 2015
The National Sleep Foundation, along with a multi-disciplinary expert panel, issued its new recommendations for appropriate sleep durations. The NSF convened experts from sleep, anatomy and physiology, as well as pediatrics, neurology, gerontology and gynecology to reach a consensus from the broadest range of scientific disciplines. The report recommends wider appropriate sleep ranges for most age groups.
Brain circuit that controls compulsive overeating and sugar addiction discovered02 de Fevereiro de 2015
Compulsive overeating and sugar addiction are major threats to human health, but potential treatments face the risk of impairing normal feeding behaviors that are crucial for survival. A new study reveals a reward-related neural circuit that specifically controls compulsive sugar consumption in mice without preventing feeding necessary for survival, providing a novel target for the safe and effective treatment of compulsive overeating in humans.
Heavy drinking in middle-age may increase stroke risk more than traditional factors02 de Fevereiro de 2015
Drinking more than two alcoholic beverages a day in middle-age raised stroke risks more than traditional factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Heavy drinking in mid-life was linked to having a stroke about five years earlier in life irrespective of genetic and early-life factors.
Heat waves becoming more prominent in urban areas, research reveals02 de Fevereiro de 2015
The world´s urban areas have experienced significant increases in heat waves over the past 40 years, according to new research. These prolonged periods of extreme hot days have significantly increased in over 200 urban areas across the globe between 1973 and 2012, and have been most prominent in the most recent years on record.
Future of athletes is one of the unresolved matters of managers in their planning strategies02 de Fevereiro de 2015
The current model of management of the Personal Sports Brand (in Spanish MPD) is based on obtaining short-term results, on sports success but it gives little importance to academic education and lacks an explicit methodology, says a Spanish expert.
Older adults: Double your protein to build more muscle30 de Janeiro de 2015
Older adults may need to double up on the recommended daily allowance of protein to efficiently maintain and build muscle. Current US recommendations for daily dietary protein intake are 0.8 grams/kilogram of body weight (roughly 62 g of protein per day for a 170-pound person).
Mobile and interactive media use by young children: The good, the bad and the unknown30 de Janeiro de 2015
Mobile devices are everywhere and children are using them more frequently at young ages. The impact these mobile devices are having on the development and behavior of children is still relatively unknown. Researchers review the many types of interactive media available today and raise important questions regarding their use as educational tools, as well as their potential detrimental role in stunting the development of important tools for self-regulation.
Pacemakers with Internet connection, a not-so-distant goal30 de Janeiro de 2015
An efficient security protocol has been designed to protect the information provided by pacemakers and similar medical devices connected to the Internet. Thanks to the latest advances in microelectronics and communications technologies, it is not difficult to imagine a future with medical sensors connected to the Internet. Now, thanks to a group of researchers, a little more progress has been made in the area of the remote monitoring of patients by means of implanted sensors.
Modified AliveCor Heart Monitor used in study to diagnose ST-elevation heart attacks30 de Janeiro de 2015
A study published this month has demonstrated the use of the AliveCor Heart Monitor to capture 12-lead EKGs and diagnose ST-elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs).
Nocturnal leg cramps more common in summer28 de Janeiro de 2015
Painful nocturnal leg cramps are about twice as common during summer than in winter, found a new study. Because quinine is commonly prescribed to treat leg cramps, researchers looked at the number of new quinine prescriptions for adults over 50 years of age in British Columbia, Canada, from Dec. 1, 2001 to Oct. 31, 2007. They found that prescriptions for quinine peaked in British Columbia in July as did Google searches for leg cramps.
More realistic physical activity targets needed, say experts27 de Janeiro de 2015
Physical activity guidelines should focus on getting inactive people to do a little activity rather than strive for the entire population to meet the current target of 150 minutes of moderate activity a week, say experts.
For obesity research, self-reported diet, physical activity data too inaccurate, expert report says27 de Janeiro de 2015
New strategies for acquiring objective data are in their infancy, and support for better tools is needed, say experts involved in obesity research. The core group of authors argues that self-reported totals of energy intake (EI) and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) are regularly used in health research, yet they repeatedly are shown to be so inaccurate that they should be considered unacceptable for scientific research.
Is cheating on the field worse than cheating on a spouse? Some fans think so27 de Janeiro de 2015
Why did fans and sponsors such as Nike drop Lance Armstrong but stay loyal to Tiger Woods? Probably because Armstrong´s doping scandal took place on the field, unlike Wood´s off-the-field extramarital affairs, according to new studies.
Newer foam rollers benefit muscles, not hair27 de Janeiro de 2015
“Think of your muscles as shoelaces,” advises an exercise physiologist. “If you have a knot in your muscle, stretching pulls it tighter.” The answer to eliminating the knots and restoring optimal flexibility is foam rollers, this expert says.
FDA approves first seamless diabetes glucose monitoring app27 de Janeiro de 2015
Continuing the steady stream of favorable and swift FDA approvalsregarding Diabetes technology, yet another landmark decision came in Dexcom’s favor over the weekend. The FDA approved a new version of the Dexcom Share platform, which will make the Dexcom G4 continuous glucose monitor (CGM) the first on the market to be able to wirelessly transmit glucose readings directly to an iPhone.
For university students, walking beats sitting26 de Janeiro de 2015
Walking classrooms are better for not only for students´ physical health, but classroom engagement, a study shows. What began in a response to a physical activity challenge for the computer science facultyat one university has become a study in how education and fitness can be combined to improve both physical well-being, and classroom discussions.
NASA, Microsoft collaboration will allow scientists to `work on Mars´26 de Janeiro de 2015
NASA and Microsoft have teamed up to develop software called OnSight, a new technology that will enable scientists to work virtually on Mars using wearable technology called Microsoft HoloLens.
New Canadian guideline to help prevent, manage adult obesity26 de Janeiro de 2015
A new Canadian guideline to help prevent and manage obesity in adult patients recommends body mass index measurement for both prevention and management and structured behavioral changes to help those who are overweight or obese to lose weight. The guideline is aimed at physicians and health care providers.
Revolutionary device found to lower blood pressure24 de Janeiro de 2015
A revolutionary device has been shown to significantly lower blood pressure among patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure, compared to those treated with usual drug measures. "High blood pressure is very dangerous and leads to hospital treatment, stroke, heart attack and chronic kidney disease. We must find better means of treating high blood pressure as drugs do not work for everyone and the Coupler is a big step forward in our search for alternative treatment," said the lead investigator.
New hope for understanding sudden cardiac arrest24 de Janeiro de 2015
New biosciences research could point the way to greater understanding of the heart mutations that cause sudden cardiac arrest. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic condition that one in 500 people carry and is a leading cause of sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes.
First contracting human muscle grown in laboratory24 de Janeiro de 2015
Researchers have grown human skeletal muscle in the laboratory that, for the first time, contracts and responds just like native tissue to external stimuli such as electrical pulses, biochemical signals and pharmaceuticals. The development should soon allow researchers to test new drugs and study diseases in functioning human muscle outside of the human body.
Why do only some people with hereditary heart disease experience symptoms?24 de Janeiro de 2015
In addition to gene mutations, environmental stress plays a key role in the development of the heart disease hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, researchers have found for the first time. As many as 500,000 people in the United States have a heritable and potentially fatal heart disease called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The disease can cause irregular heartbeats, heart valve problems, heart failure and, in rare cases, sudden cardiac death in young people. But some people who carry gene mutations that cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy never experience symptoms.
Sitting for long periods increases risk of disease and early death, regardless of exercise19 de Janeiro de 2015
The amount of time a person sits during the day is associated with a higher risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and death, regardless of regular exercise, according to a review study.
To beet or not to beet? Researchers test theories of beet juice benefits19 de Janeiro de 2015
Athletes who down beet juice before exercising to increase blood flow and improve performance may be surprised at the results of a recent study. While beetroot juice rich in nitrates did not enhance muscle blood flow or vascular dilation during exercise, researchers found that it did `de-stiffen´ blood vessels under resting conditions, potentially easing the workload of the heart.
Self-directed walking program for older people increased physical activity levels but did not prevent falls19 de Janeiro de 2015
The results of the Easy Steps randomized controlled trial show that a self-directed walking program designed for sedentary older people did not reduce incidence of falls, although it did increase mobility levels.
Does screening asymptomatic adults for major disease save lives? It seems not16 de Janeiro de 2015
Screening for disease is a key component of modern healthcare. Yet, new surprising new research shows that few currently available screening tests for major diseases where death is a common outcome have documented reductions in disease-specific mortality. Evidence was evaluated on 16 screening tests for 9 major diseases where mortality is a common outcome. The researchers found 45 randomized controlled trials and 98 meta-analyses that evaluated disease-specific or all-cause mortality. Reductions in disease-specific mortality were uncommon and reductions in all-cause mortality were very uncommon.
Bone stem cells shown to regenerate bones, cartilage in adult mice16 de Janeiro de 2015
A stem cell capable of regenerating both bone and cartilage has been identified in bone marrow of mice. The cells, called osteochondroreticular (OCR) stem cells, were discovered by tracking a protein expressed by the cells. Using this marker, the researchers found that OCR cells self-renew and generate key bone and cartilage cells, including osteoblasts and chondrocytes. The discovery has implications for bone repair, the scientists say.
Obesity experts recommend weight loss drugs, surgery as supplement to lifestyle interventions16 de Janeiro de 2015
A Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) has been released by experts on strategies for prescribing drugs to manage obesity and promote weight loss. Obesity is a worsening public health problem. According to the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, about 33.9 percent of adults ages 19-79 were overweight, 13.4 percent were obese and 6.4 were extremely obese.
Study reveals lack of data on opioid drugs for chronic pain16 de Janeiro de 2015
Researchers have found little to no evidence for the effectiveness of opioid drugs in the treatment of long-term chronic pain, despite the explosive recent growth in the use of the drugs.
Heart arrhythmias detected in deep-diving marine mammals16 de Janeiro de 2015
A new study of dolphins and seals shows that despite their remarkable adaptations to aquatic life, exercising while holding their breath remains a physiological challenge for marine mammals. The study found a surprisingly high frequency of heart arrhythmias in bottlenose dolphins and Weddell seals during the deepest dives.
Lack of exercise responsible for twice as many early deaths as obesity15 de Janeiro de 2015
A brisk 20 minute walk each day could be enough to reduce an individual´s risk of early death, according to new research published today. The study of over 334,000 European men and women found that twice as many deaths may be attributable to lack of physical activity compared with the number of deaths attributable to obesity, but that just a modest increase in physical activity could have significant health benefits.
Can your cellphone help you lose weight?15 de Janeiro de 2015
Cellphone support can help people lose significantly more weight, according to a recent study. Using one of the many mobile apps with daily text messages or videos incites the user to think about dieting and eating well, researchers said.
Good life satisfaction has beneficial effects on bone health15 de Janeiro de 2015
Women aged 60-70 who are satisfied with their lives have a higher bone density and they suffer from osteoporosis less frequently than their unsatisfied peers, according to a recent study. Osteoporosis is a common disease, which easily leads to bone fracture, and hip fractures in particular can have serious consequences. Bone density gets lower as people age; however, for women, the menopause constitutes a significant risk factor.
Long duration weightlessness in space induces a blood shift15 de Janeiro de 2015
In space, the shift of blood and fluid from the lower to the upper body caused by weightlessness is much higher and the blood pressure much lower than previously thought, researchers have found.
Mom´s exercise habits good for blood pressure in kids15 de Janeiro de 2015
It´s been well established among doctors and researchers alike, that babies with lower birth weight have a greater risk of having high blood pressure later in life. However, a new study is the first to suggest that the exercise habits of expecting moms can actually reverse this long-standing belief.
Parents can now use iPhone attachment & app to diagnose ear infections at home10 de Janeiro de 2015
Cellscope announced today the launch of an iPhone otoscope attachment for parents to use at home. The Oto HOME attachment will allow parents to capture video of an ear exam on their kids and connect with a physician for remote assessment and treatment.
Top five apps for echocardiography10 de Janeiro de 2015
Echocardiography is a frequently used tool in the evaluation of a wide range of cardiac disease. Used by internists in the evaluation of dyspnea on exertion, anesthesiologists concerned about that loud systolic murmur as well as pulmonologists worried about enlarged pulmonary arteries on chest x ray–its a tools that is utilized across a wide range of specialties and practice areas.
Optimistic people have healthier hearts, study finds09 de Janeiro de 2015
Using the American Heart Association´s criteria, a study of 5,000 adults found that the most optimistic people had twice the odds of being in ideal cardiovascular health as their pessimistic counterparts.
Rihanna´s music eases kids´ pain after surgery09 de Janeiro de 2015
Pediatric patients who listened to 30 minutes of songs by Rihanna, Taylor Swift and other singers of their choosing -- or audio books -- had a significant reduction in pain after major surgery, according to a new study. Audio therapy avoids risky side effects of opioid drugs, which can cause breathing problems in children. Because caregivers usually limit the amount of opiods prescribed, children´s pain can sometimes be not well controlled.
Blueberries may help reduce blood pressure and arterial stiffness09 de Janeiro de 2015
Just one cup of blueberries per day could be the key to reducing blood pressure and arterial stiffness, both of which are associated with cardiovascular disease.
Sticking to lifestyle guidelines may reduce risk for certain cancers and for overall mortality07 de Janeiro de 2015
Following cancer prevention guidelines from the American Cancer Society may modestly reduce your overall risk of developing cancer and have a greater impact on reducing your overall risk of dying early, a study of nearly a half-million Americans has found. Having a healthy body weight and staying active appeared to have the most positive impact.
Use CDC´s flu app to determine appropriate antiviral treatment07 de Janeiro de 2015
With flu season ratcheting up over the past few weeks, Emergency providers and primary care providers have been flooded with patients presenting with influenza like illnesses. I´ve personally experienced this while working this past week in the Emergency Room.
Mind over matter: Can you think your way to strength?05 de Janeiro de 2015
Regular mental imagery exercises help preserve arm strength during 4 weeks of immobilization, researchers have found. Strength is controlled by a number of factors -- the most studied by far is skeletal muscle. However, the nervous system is also an important, though not fully understood, determinant of strength and weakness. In this study, researchers set out to test how the brain´s cortex plays into strength development.
Can exercise help people with Parkinson´s disease?05 de Janeiro de 2015
Exercise may help people with Parkinson´s disease improve their balance, ability to move around and quality of life, even if it does not reduce their risk of falling, according to a new study.
Hospital-based exercise program improves quality of life for adults with arthritis, other muscle and joint conditions03 de Janeiro de 2015
Older adults experienced less pain, reduced stiffness and less fatigue after participating in a hospital-based exercise program, researchers report. "The study adds to the growing body of evidence that exercise can help people with muscle and joint conditions," said one clinician.
Yoga has potential to reduce risk factors of cardiovascular disease03 de Janeiro de 2015
Following a systematic review of 37 randomized controlled trials, investigators from the Netherlands and USA have found that yoga may provide the same benefits in risk factor reduction as such traditional physical activities as biking or brisk walking. Yoga, an ancient mind-body practice which originated in India and incorporates physical, mental, and spiritual elements, has been shown in several studies to be effective in improving cardiovascular risk factors, with reduction in the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
High fitness level reduces chance of developing hypertension03 de Janeiro de 2015
People who performed at the highest fitness levels on a stress test were projected to have a 20 percent less chance of developing high blood pressure over five years.
Paying for health apps doesn´t mean better quality03 de Janeiro de 2015
Researchers in New Zealand recently published a study on fitness and food apps trying to answer two questions. Can established methods be used to identify behavior change techniques (BCTs) in health and fitness iPhone apps, and are they being incorporated?
Light-based technology tracks oxygen levels underwater for swim performance, muscle repair03 de Janeiro de 2015
A new light-based technology for measuring oxygen content in muscles while underwater has been released by researchers. The technology provides valuable information for competitive swimmers as well as patients using water-based therapies to recover from muscle injuries.
Project LAB app gives you medical differentials based on lab results02 de Janeiro de 2015
The Project LAB app was developed to give users a list of normal lab values for the most commonly used labs. The app includes explanations of each lab, what it is used for, and a differential for what may cause increased or decreased values. The app also has a quiz option for students to test their knowledge about the different labs within the app.
Significant link between daily physical activity, vascular health01 de Janeiro de 2015
As millions of Americans resolve to live healthier lives in 2015, research shows just how important diligent daily physical activity is. The researchers found that reducing daily physical activity for even a few days leads to decreases in the function of the inner lining of blood vessels in the legs of young, healthy subjects causing vascular dysfunction that can have prolonged effects.
Weight training appears key to controlling belly fat01 de Janeiro de 2015
Healthy men who did 20 minutes of daily weight training had less of an increase in age-related abdominal fat compared with men who spent the same amount of time doing aerobic activities, according to a new study. Combining weight training and aerobic activity led to the most optimal results. Aerobic exercise by itself was associated with less weight gain compared with weight training.
The best medical apps released in 201401 de Janeiro de 2015
As 2014 is coming to an end, I have put together a list of the most notable medical apps that were released in 2014. While 2014 was dominated by wearable technology, it still saw the addition of several innovative physician and healthcare provider centric apps.
Google Fit review01 de Janeiro de 2015
Going head to head with Apple´s new Health app built into iOS 8, Google´s Android equivalent is a similar hub for all your health and fitness data. However, unlike its iOS rival, which merely collates data from third-party fitness apps, Google Fit also offers its own built-in tracking of three activities: walking, running and cycling.
Nanotechnology used to engineer ACL replacements31 de Dezembro de 2014
A synthetic graft for ACL reconstruction has been developed that integrates with the native bone, promotes growth of new ligament tissue, and stabilizes the knee. Connecting the femur to the tibia, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is one of the most devastating injuries in sports. No other injury has sidelined more athletes for a season or even the rest of a career. And ACL sprains and tears affect more people than just the pros.
Top 10 Family Medicine apps for iPhone and Android31 de Dezembro de 2014
The following is a list of 10 essential medical apps that Family Medicine providers should have on their smartphones. Links to iPhone and Android platforms are provided for each app.
Treinos com realidade virtual podem chegar à NFL em breve31 de Dezembro de 2014
Antes de chegar à Minnesota para jogar com os Vikings, Teddy Bridgewater começou a conhecer o livro de jogadas com repetições virtuais, jogando com a equipe no Madden. E em um futuro não tão distante assim, as franquias poderão oferecer essas repetições virtuais aos seus jogadores de uma forma bem mais tecnológica.
Cardiorespiratory fitness improves memory among older adults, study shows29 de Dezembro de 2014
Older adults who have greater heart and lung health also have better memory recall and cognitive capabilities. A new study examines the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness, memory and cognition in young and older adults.
How information moves between cultures29 de Dezembro de 2014
Networks that map strength of connections between languages predict global influence of their speakers. By analyzing data on multilingual Twitter users and Wikipedia editors and on 30 years´ worth of book translations in 150 countries, researchers have developed network maps that they say represent the strength of the cultural connections between speakers of different languages.
Molecular mechanism behind health benefits of dietary restriction identified27 de Dezembro de 2014
A key molecular mechanism behind the health benefits of dietary restriction has been identified by researchers. Also known as calorie restriction, dietary restriction is best known for its ability to slow aging in laboratory animals. The findings here show that restricting two amino acids, methionine and cysteine, results in increased hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production and protection against ischemia reperfusion injury, damage to tissue that occurs following the interruption of blood flow as during organ transplantation and stroke.
That smartphone is giving your thumbs superpowers27 de Dezembro de 2014
When people spend time interacting with their smartphones via touchscreen, it actually changes the way their thumbs and brains work together, according to a new report. More touchscreen use in the recent past translates directly into greater brain activity when the thumbs and other fingertips are touched, the study shows.
The heat is on: Causes of hospitalization due to heat waves identified27 de Dezembro de 2014
In the largest and most comprehensive study of heat-related illness to date, researchers have identified a handful of potentially serious disorders that put older Americans at significantly increased risk of winding up in the hospital during periods of extreme heat.
Hunter-gatherer past shows our fragile bones result from inactivity since invention of farming25 de Dezembro de 2014
Latest analysis of prehistoric bones show there is no anatomical reason why a person born today could not develop the skeletal strength of a prehistoric forager or a modern orangutan. Findings support the idea that activity throughout life is the key to building bone strength and preventing osteoporosis risk in later years, say researchers.
New concussion laws result in big jump in concussion treatment25 de Dezembro de 2014
New laws regulating concussion treatment, bolstered by heightened public awareness, have resulted in a large increase in the treatment of concussion-related injuries for school-age athletes. Since 2009, all 50 states and the District of Columbia have enacted concussion laws regulating concussion treatment--the first laws written to address a specific injury.
Overweight teens lose weight for the right reasons, study shows25 de Dezembro de 2014
A new study looked at formerly obese or overweight teens who had lost weight and kept it off. Their motives were more intrinisic, such as being healthy and feeling good. Parents can help by being supportive during major life transitions, the researchers say.
DDx Teacher app is great for differential diagnosis formulation25 de Dezembro de 2014
Between third year of medical school and intern year in residency a transition occurs from asking absolutely everything and doing non-directed physical exams to completing a focused review of systems and a goal directed physical exam. This transition can be difficult because in the beginning you ask seemingly random questions to come up with a diagnosis until experience teaches you to ask specific questions.
ACC Guideline app has great information but design falls short25 de Dezembro de 2014
Guidelines issued by the American College of Cardiology, in conjunction with other organizations like the American Heart Association or various subspecialty societies, are incredibly influential and valuable resources. While many of these documents are freely available online, mobile access has been limited to apps like the ASCVD Risk Estimator for the 2014 ACC/AHA guidelines or storing the PDF in your preferred literature management tool.
Light-emitting e-readers before bedtime can adversely impact sleep22 de Dezembro de 2014
Use of a light-emitting electronic device (LE-eBook) in the hours before bedtime can adversely impact overall health, alertness, and the circadian clock which synchronizes the daily rhythm of sleep to external environmental time cues, according to new research that compared the biological effects of reading an LE-eBook compared to a
New distance rehabilitation system developed for patients with heart pathologies22 de Dezembro de 2014
A new distance heart rehabilitation system based on physical exercise routines for people affected by heart pathologies has been developed by researchers. The system is designed for both chronic patients and the recovery of people who have suffered a heart event (for instance, a heart attack) or if they have had heart surgery. In any of these cases, it helps patients to exercise and adopt a healthy lifestySaiba mais
Research shows protective effects of exercise22 de Dezembro de 2014
One exercise session can improve the body´s antioxidant system, researchers have found. "What we found is the young people got protection from this one bout of exercise, their response to the oxidative stress challenge was lower," the lead author said. The older participants did not have a protective effect after one exercise session, which may be related to impaired cell signaling, a process that could potentially be improved with regular
Review of Oxford Handbook of Sport and Exercise Medicine app22 de Dezembro de 2014
The Oxford Handbook of Sport and Exercise Medicine is a sports medicine reference book published by Oxford University press and has extensive information backed by strong references. The team at Medhand International has attempted to convert this book into a mobile app as they have done with many medical textbooks before. I will note that I accessed the book app through the Dr companion library app, also developed by Medhand, but there is an option to download the app as a standalone book as well.Saiba mais
Self-reported daily exercise associated with lower blood pressure, glucose readings22 de Dezembro de 2014
Moderate to vigorous exercise was associated with lower blood pressure and blood glucose levels in a recent study. Data revealed associations between exercise and improved measures of cardiometabolic health for both men and women.Saiba mais
Study validates app for use in assessment of shoulder motion22 de Dezembro de 2014
A study recently published in the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery demonstrated that an app can be an effective replacement for joint evaluation.Saiba mais
Study supports the theory that men are idiots15 de Dezembro de 2014
The theory that men are idiots and often do stupid things is backed up by new evidence. The findings are actually based on an analyses of sex differences in idiotic behavior. Worthy candidates of idiocy include a man stealing a ride home by hitching a shopping trolley to the back of a train, only to be dragged two miles to his death before the train was able to stop; and the terrorist who posted a letter bomb with insufficient postage stamps and who, on its return, unthinkingly opened his own letter.Saiba mais
How-to exercise pamphlet for people with MS developed10 de Dezembro de 2014
Fatigue and pain, along with other symptoms, prevent many people with multiple sclerosis from exercising. But a new how-to guide for a home-based exercise program offers a way for people with MS to stay more
Vitamin C may help people who suffer from airway obstruction or respiratory symptoms after exercise08 de Dezembro de 2014
Vitamin C may reduce bronchoconstriction and respiratory symptoms caused by exercise, according to a study. Physical activity increases oxidative stress, and therefore, as an antioxidant vitamin C might have particularly evident effects on people who are participating in vigorous exercise. In several studies, vitamin C administration attenuated the increases in oxidative stress markers caused by exercise.Saiba mais
Best iPhone & iPad apps for echocardiography08 de Dezembro de 2014
Echocardiography is a frequently used tool in the evaluation of a wide range of cardiac disease.
Used by internists in the evaluation of dyspnea on exertion, anesthesiologists concerned about that loud systolic murmur as well as pulmonologists worried about enlarged pulmonary arteries on chest x ray–its a tools that is utilized across a wide range of specialties and practice areas.Saiba mais
Why does physical activity during childhood matter?08 de Dezembro de 2014
Most scientific research on the topic of physical inactivity has focused on the consequences of physical inactivity for physical health, with significant attention to obesity and medical conditions such as diabetes. A new article provides compelling new data on the consequences of physical inactivity for neural function, cognitive task performance, and academic achievement.Saiba mais
Occupational sitting among women linked to obesity08 de Dezembro de 2014
You might want to stand up for this. Occupational sitting is associated with an increased likelihood of obesity, especially among black women, independent of occupational and leisure time physical activity, finds a
3 cheaper UpToDate alternatives for physicians08 de Dezembro de 2014
For many of us, especially my residents and fellows, UpToDate is the medical application of choice for answering clinical questions. It´s not surprising why. UpToDate is now one of the oldest and most respected sources of medical information. Founded in 1992 by Dr Burton Rose, UpToDate has grown into a juggernaut. Nearly every academic medical center in the United States uses UpToDate. I have been using it since I first was exposed to it during my Family Medicine residency. It became my go to app on my Palm Pilot and every Smart Device I have owned
Commuting linked to lower life satisfaction08 de Dezembro de 2014
The more time you spend getting to and from work, the less likely you are to be satisfied with life, says a new study. The research reveals exactly why commuting is such a contentment killer -- and surprisingly, traffic isn´t the only reason to blame.Saiba mais
ECG screening app for athletes is great idea, but fails06 de Dezembro de 2014
App Review of JS SportsECG app for iPhone and Android
The ECG is a common and versatile diagnostic tool that is used in everyday medicine by many different types of physicians. However, true mastery of ECG interpretation can be elusive and usually takes a strong foundation and years of practice.Saiba mais
9 medical apps for orthopedic surgeons to keep up with literature06 de Dezembro de 2014
We all have our favorite journals we follow in order to keep up to date with the latest medical literature. And while many journals have their own mobile versions, keeping up with each publication separately can be a tedious and time consuming task. We’ve reviewed several apps recently that can help you streamline that process, saving time and making you more efficient. Here we´ll share a few great resources we’ve come across that can help keep orthopedic surgeons up to date.Saiba mais
Read by QxMD Offers Medical Journal Browsing With Some Twists06 de Dezembro de 2014
Review of QxMD app for iOS & Android
It has been almost two years since we last reviewed the journal app Read. Since then, it has undergone a number of changes so we´re going to take a fresh look to help you decide if Read is the medical literature tool for you.Saiba mais
Obesity may shorten life expectancy up to eight years05 de Dezembro de 2014
`Tis the season to indulge. However, restraint may be best, according to a new study. The researchers examined the relationship between body weight and life expectancy. Their findings show that overweight and obese individuals have the potential to decrease life expectancy by up to eight years.Saiba mais
How red wine prevents cancer05 de Dezembro de 2014
`Alcohol damages cells and resveratrol kills damaged cells,´ says a scientist who studied red wine and its relationship to preventing cancer. "Alcohol bombards your genes. Your body has ways to repair this damage, but with enough alcohol eventually some damage isn´t fixed. That´s why excessive alcohol use is a factor in head and neck cancer. Now, resveratrol challenges these cells -- the ones with unrepaired DNA damage are killed, so they can´t go on to cause cancer. Alcohol damages cells and resveratrol kills damaged cells," he says.Saiba mais
Cerebral oxygenation in elite kenyan athletes05 de Dezembro de 2014
A pioneering study in the world of the physiology of exercise describes for the first time that elite Kenyan athletes have greater brain oxygenation during periods of maximum physical effort, which contributes to their success in long-distance races.Saiba mais
Prompt, appropriate medical care for dislocated shoulder injuries05 de Dezembro de 2014
Prompt and appropriate treatment of a dislocated shoulder -- when the head of the upper arm bone is completely knocked out of the shoulder socket -- can minimize risk for future dislocations as well as the effects of related bone, muscle and nerve injuries, according to a literature review.Saiba mais
Natural substance in red wine has an anti-inflammatory effect in cardiovascular diseases04 de Dezembro de 2014
A natural substance present in red wine, resveratrol, inhibits the formation of inflammatory factors that trigger cardiovascular diseases, a research team concludes. They report that resveratrol binds with the KSRP regulator protein and provides for its activation.Saiba mais
Athletes perform better when exposed to subliminal visual cues02 de Dezembro de 2014
Athletes who are exposed to subliminal visual cues when they are participating in endurance exercise will perform significantly better, a study has demonstrated. Subliminal visual cues are words, pictures or symbols which are unidentifiable in someone´s conscious.Saiba mais
For severe allergic reaction, epinephrine first and fast02 de Dezembro de 2014
The fast administration of epinephrine is essential to the treatment of a severe allergic reaction, according to new guidelines. Unfortunately, not all medical personnel know how important epinephrine is in bringing an allergic reaction under control, experts say.Saiba mais
Exercise following bariatric surgery provides health benefits beyond weight loss02 de Dezembro de 2014
Researchers discover that moderate exercise following bariatric surgery reduces specific metabolic risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes. The findings suggest that moderate exercise may provide additional benefits to health beyond weight loss in these patients.Saiba mais
Protein elevated in blood predicts post-concussion symptom severity in professional athletes29 de Novembro de 2014
Elevated levels in the blood of the brain-enriched protein calpain-cleaved ±II-spectrin N-terminal fragment, known as SNTF, shortly after sports-related concussion can predict the severity of post-concussion symptoms in professional athletes, new research has found.Saiba mais
Sportswomen still second best to sportsmen, in the press29 de Novembro de 2014
Despite a sequence of stellar performances by Britain´s female athletes and team game players, coverage of women´s sport in the Press still occupies a fraction of the space given to men, according to an expert who has analyzed thousands of articles in newspapers that she describes as a “football-saturated boyzone”. Saiba mais
Commuting by bicycle: Why the Irish aren´t like the Dutch yYet)29 de Novembro de 2014
Cities around the world are pouring money into beautiful bicycle paths in hopes of convincing citizens to drive less and bike more. According to a new study, however, getting people to go from four to two wheels isn´t quite that simple.Saiba mais
Athletes´ testosterone surges not tied to winning, study finds27 de Novembro de 2014
A higher surge of testosterone in competition, the so-called `winner effect,´ is not actually related to winning, suggests a new study of intercollegiate cross country runners.Saiba mais
New guide to genetic jungle of muscles can help health research27 de Novembro de 2014
A comprehensive overview of how tens of thousands of genes interact in relation to the behavior of muscles has been developed by scientists. At the same time, they have developed a guide to the enormous amounts of data and thus paved the way for new knowledge about diseases associated with lack of activity.Saiba mais
More public health interventions required to tackle grim reaper of `lifestyle´ diseases27 de Novembro de 2014
More public health interventions, along the lines of the smoking ban, are needed to tackle the devastating toll of `lifestyle´diseases, including heart disease and cancer, according to academics.Saiba mais
Overweight, obesity linked to nearly 500,000 new cancers in 2012 worldwide27 de Novembro de 2014
Researchers estimate that a quarter of all obesity-related cancers in 2012 were attributable to the rising average body mass index (BMI) in the population since 1982, and were therefore “realistically avoidable”. Saiba mais
To reap the brain benefits of physical activity, just get moving27 de Novembro de 2014
Everyone knows that exercise makes you feel more mentally alert at any age. But do you need to follow a specific training program to improve your cognitive function? Science has shown that the important thing is to just get moving. It´s that simple.Saiba mais
Medium amount of physical activity can lower risk of Parkinson´s disease27 de Novembro de 2014
A new study followed 43,368 individuals for an average of 12.6 years to examine the impact of physical activity on Parkinson´s disease risk. It was found that `a medium amount´ of physical activity lowers the risk of Parkinson´s disease.Saiba mais
Only half of patients take their medications as prescribed: Are there interventions that will help them?24 de Novembro de 2014
The cost of patients not taking their medications as prescribed can be substantial in terms of their health. Although a large amount of research evidence has tried to address this problem, there are no well-established approaches to help them.Saiba mais
Study supports free `Super WiFi´24 de Novembro de 2014
The need for the wireless transfer of data will increase significantly in the coming years. Scientists therefore propose to turn some of the TV frequencies that will become free into common property and to use it to extend existing wireless networks (WiFi) instead of using the frequencies for mobile communications. Their study recommends that the additional frequencies not be marketed but made available to the population and companies at no cost.Saiba mais
Exercise regimens offer little benefit for one in five people with type 2 diabetes24 de Novembro de 2014
As many as one in five people with Type 2 diabetes do not see any improvement in blood sugar management when they engage in a supervised exercise regimen, according to a new scientific review.Saiba mais
Physically demanding work may increase effects of inflammation in ankylosing spondylitis24 de Novembro de 2014
Physically demanding jobs may increase the effects of inflammation on the progression of ankylosing spondylitis, possibly leading to increased bone formation in these patients, according to new research. Ankylosing spondylitis, or AS, is a type of inflammatory arthritis characterized by joint stiffness, pain and new bone formation that can result in partial or complete fusion of the spine. AS tends to develop in young adults, and tends to affect young men more often than young women. The prevalence of AS in the United States is estimated at 0.5 percent.Saiba mais
Bigger is not always better: Smaller hospitals have better hip fracture outcomes24 de Novembro de 2014
Patients suffering from a hip fracture receive higher quality of care and have a lower mortality rate in smaller hospital departments. That is the surprising conclusion of a major registry study which has compared data from Danish hospitals.Saiba mais
Improvement in heart disease risk factors shown in project results24 de Novembro de 2014
The Heart of New Ulm is a 10-year community intervention aimed at reducing the rate of modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors in a rural community through interventions delivered through clinical, worksite, and broader community settings with goals of improving lifestyle changes, clinical care, and the environment where community members work and play. Interventions include heart health screenings, health coaching, worksite health improvement, improving the food environment with restaurants and farmers markets, and increasing physical activity.Saiba mais
The American athletics track is still a man´s world21 de Novembro de 2014
The limited coverage that American female athletes get in the media is one of many subtle forms of gender biases they have to cope with. The little exposure they do get often focuses more on their attire, or how attractive, sexy or ladylike they are than on their actual athletic prowess. In the long run, this influences their performance in sports. So say the authors of a new review.Saiba mais
Jogging keeps you young: Seniors who run regularly can walk as efficiently as 20-somethings21 de Novembro de 2014
A new study is shedding light on an unexpected benefit of jogging in older adults. The study looked at adults over the age of 65 -- some of whom walk for exercise and some who run for exercise. The researchers found that those who run at least 30 minutes, three times a week were less likely to experience age-related physical decline in walking efficiency than those who simply walked.
Wheat in diet: Study on health impact of wheat challenges Stone Age myths and costly diets, providing you go whole grain21 de Novembro de 2014
A review of the current evidence on the dietary and health impact of whole grain cereal consumption finds that many of the myths attributed to wheat-free diets are just that – myths, and that whole grains such as wheat are beneficial for the majority of people.
New treatment for marfan syndrome shows promise18 de Novembro de 2014
An investigational treatment for Marfan syndrome is as effective as the standard therapy at slowing enlargement of the aorta, the large artery of the heart that delivers blood to the body, new research shows. The findings indicate a second treatment option for Marfan patients, who are at high risk of sudden death from tears in the aorta.Saiba mais
Home cooking a main ingredient in healthier diet, study shows18 de Novembro de 2014
People who frequently cook meals at home eat healthier and consume fewer calories than those who cook less, according to new research. The findings also suggest that those who frequently cooked at home -- six-to-seven nights a week -- also consumed fewer calories on the occasions when they ate out.Saiba mais
Poor-quality weight loss advice often appears first in an online search18 de Novembro de 2014
More than 40 percent of U.S. Internet users use online search engines to seek guidance on weight loss and physical activity. A new study finds that high-quality weight loss information often appears after the first page of search engine results.Saiba mais
Teens with earlier school start times have higher motor vehicle crash rates18 de Novembro de 2014
Teen drivers who start class earlier in the morning are involved in significantly more motor vehicle accidents than peers with a later high school start time, a study shows. The results underscore the importance of the `Awake at the Wheel´ campaign of the National Healthy Sleep Awareness Project.Saiba mais
Exercise, manual therapy improve pain, function in osteoarthritis18 de Novembro de 2014
Patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis may improve their pain, stiffness and physical function with sustained physical exercise, manual therapy or both, according to new research findings.Saiba mais
Chronic kidney disease: Exercise provides clear benefits18 de Novembro de 2014
Simple exercises can help improve the health of patients with kidney disease, experts say. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Because exercise capacity is significantly reduced in CKD patients, experts examined the effect of 12 months of exercise training on kidney function and measures of heart disease risk in patients with progressive CKD stages 3-4.Saiba mais
Gene found in kidney may play role in high blood pressure in male mice17 de Novembro de 2014
A gene abundant in the kidneys may actually play a role in the regulation of blood pressure and hypertension in experimental male mouse models, scientists have discovered. The gene, a kidney androgen-regulated protein (KAP) that is abundantly and exclusively found in the kidney proximal tubule, is stimulated by an androgen hormone such as testosterone.Saiba mais
Poison control data show energy drinks and young kids don´t mix17 de Novembro de 2014
More than 40 percent of reports to the National Poison Data System for `energy drink exposure´ in a three-year span involved children under age 6. The effects of energy drinks in the reported cases included abnormal heart rhythms and seizures. Researchers call for better labeling of energy drink´s high caffeine content and subsequent health consequences.Saiba mais
Running does not lead to knee osteoarthritis, may protect people from developing disease, experts say17 de Novembro de 2014
Running as a habitual exercise at any stage in life not only does not increase a person’s risk of developing knee osteoarthritis and may even help protect a person from developing the painful disease, according to new research findings.Saiba mais
Chemical in coffee may help prevent obesity-related disease17 de Novembro de 2014
A chemical compound commonly found in coffee may help prevent some of the damaging effects of obesity. Scientists have found that chlorogenic acid, or CGA, significantly reduced insulin resistance and accumulation of fat in the livers of mice who were fed a high-fat diet.Saiba mais
New online calculator estimates cardiovascular disease risk17 de Novembro de 2014
The new Healthy Heart Score gives individuals an easy method to estimate their 20-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease based on simple lifestyle habits.Saiba mais
Facial structure predicts goals, fouls among World Cup soccer players12 de Novembro de 2014
The structure of a soccer player´s face can predict his performance on the field -- including his likelihood of scoring goals, making assists and committing fouls -- according to a new study.
Moderate consumption of sugary drinks has little impact on adolescents´ metabolic health12 de Novembro de 2014
Short-term, moderate consumption of high-fructose and high-glucose beverages has little impact on the metabolic health of weight-stable, physically active adolescents, scientists have found. The study measured several aspects of metabolic health, including insulin sensitivity and cholesterol levels, after participants had consumed moderate amounts of either high-glucose or high-fructose beverages every day for two weeks.Saiba mais
`Nudges´ try to help college students live healthier12 de Novembro de 2014
Here´s one way to try to get college students to live healthier lifestyles: They log onto their computer and get lessons and emails, telling them why they should eat better, exercise and sleep right. That´s what researchers at 13 universities discovered.Saiba mais
Sense of meaning and purpose in life linked to longer lifespan12 de Novembro de 2014
A study of 9,050 English people with an average age of 65 found that the people with the greatest well-being were 30 percent less likely to die during the average eight and a half year follow-up period than those with the least well-being.Saiba mais
Walking workstations improve physical, mental health, builds healthier workplace10 de Novembro de 2014
Walking workstations can improve not only physical, but also mental health during the workday, a new study has found. With growing concerns regarding obesity in the United States, the author hopes the study encourages employers to examine methods to assist workers in in healthy living.Saiba mais
Resveratrol could reverse benefits of being active10 de Novembro de 2014
Adding resveratrol supplements to your exercise routine may not enhance the effects of physical activity, scientists say. "The easiest way to experience the benefits of physical activity is to be physically active," says Dr. Gurd, a professor in the School of Kinesiology and Health Studies. "The efficacy of resveratrol at improving metabolic and cardiovascular functions is not as profound as was once thought."Saiba mais
Osteoporosis: Not just a woman´s disease10 de Novembro de 2014
While osteoporosis prevention and treatment efforts have historically been focused on post-menopausal women, a new study suggests that critical opportunities are being lost by not focusing more attention on bone loss and fracture risk in older men.Saiba mais
New dietary supplement beats calcium, vitamin D for bone strength10 de Novembro de 2014
A new study reveals that a new dietary supplement is superior to calcium and vitamin D when it comes to bone health in post-menopausal women.Saiba mais
Fun and games make for better learners10 de Novembro de 2014
Four minutes of physical activity can improve behavior in the classroom for primary school students, according to new research. A brief, high-intensity interval exercise, or a `FUNterval,´ for Grade 2 and Grade 4 students reduced off-task behaviors like fidgeting or inattentiveness in the classroom.Saiba mais
Intragastric balloon beats diet, exercise alone for weight loss10 de Novembro de 2014
After six months, people with intragastric balloons in their stomachs lost more than twice their excess weight, compared to people who tried to lose weight under a medically supervised diet and exercise program alone, according to new research from a randomized clinical trial.Saiba mais
Sensors used to monitor dangerous hits on football field03 de Novembro de 2014
In football, a tackle can supply 100 G´s of force or more, well above the amount that can cause a concussion and more than 10 times the force of an F-16 jet roll maneuver. Now, researchers are using the helmets of Gator football players to help measure the force of on-field hits as part of ongoing efforts to better understand and prevent concussions and treat them before they cause lasting damage.Saiba mais
ECG on the run: Continuous ECG surveillance of marathon athletes is feasible03 de Novembro de 2014
The condition of an athlete´s heart has for the first time been accurately monitored throughout the duration of a marathon race. The real-time monitoring was achieved by continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) surveillance and data transfer over the public mobile phone network to a telemedicine center along the marathon route. This new development in cardiac testing in endurance athletes, said investigators, `would allow instantaneous diagnosis of potentially fatal rhythm disorders.´
Overuse injuries becoming more common in young athletes03 de Novembro de 2014
From Little League players injuring their elbow ligaments to soccer and basketball players tearing their ACLs, sports injuries related to overuse are becoming more common in younger athletes.Saiba mais
Device developed for running shoes that prevents injuries02 de Novembro de 2014
A prototype running shoe has been designed with an integrated device that improves training management and prevents injuries. The device consists of a microelectronic measuring system capable of gathering biomechanical parameters that characterize the runner´s technique during a race. This information is wirelessly transmitted to the runner´s mobile phone and a mobile phone application provides real-time feedback, including level of performance and suggestions to change the running pattern or to stop running in case of detecting a high risk of injury.Saiba mais
People change their moral values to benefit themselves over others02 de Novembro de 2014
People are quick to change their moral values depending on which rule means more cash for them instead of others, a study shows. The researchers conclude that the "Pursuit of self-interest is tempered by the constraints of coordination. People seek not only to benefit themselves but also to persuade other people that they are morally right in doing so."Saiba mais
Peripheral clocks don´t need the brain´s master clock to function correctly02 de Novembro de 2014
New research further adds to our understanding of the circadian rhythm by suggesting that the suprachiasmaticus nucleus clock, a tiny region of the hypothalamus considered to be the body´s `master´ timekeeper, is not necessary to align body rhythms with the light-dark cycle.Saiba mais
Does exercise slows the onset of type 1 diabetes in children, adults?02 de Novembro de 2014
Rates of type 1 diabetes -- the autoimmune form of the condition that often begins in childhood and eventually results in lifelong dependency on insulin -- are increasing in almost all nations worldwide. However, while it appears possible from research in other forms of diabetes that physical exercise could slow the progression of this disease, there have been no studies to date that explore this in patients with type 1 diabetes.Saiba mais
Endurance athletes at risk of swimming-induced pulmonary oedema28 de Outubro de 2014
Endurance athletes taking part in triathlons are at risk of the potentially life-threatening condition of swimming-induced pulmonary oedema, which causes an excess collection of watery fluid in the lungs, is likely to become more common with the increase in participation in endurance sports.
When faced with higher prices, swimming is the activity most likely to take a dive28 de Outubro de 2014
Swimming is the individual activity that most people would drop if they faced higher prices, a study concludes. But a similar increase in the cost of a workout or brisk walk would hardly dent enthusiasm.Saiba mais
Meditation makes you more creative, study suggests28 de Outubro de 2014
Certain meditation techniques can promote creative thinking, even if you have never meditated before. The study is a clear indication that you don´t need to be an experienced meditator to profit more from meditation. The findings support the belief that meditation can have a long-lasting influence on human cognition, including how we conceive new ideas.Saiba mais
Prostate cancer risk reduced by sleeping with many women, but increased with many men, study finds28 de Outubro de 2014
Compared to men who have had only one partner during their lifetime, having sex with more than 20 women is associated with a 28% lower risk of one day being diagnosed with prostate cancer. However, having more than 20 male partners in one´s lifetime is associated with a twofold higher risk of getting prostate cancer compared to those who have never slept with a man.Saiba mais
Active aging is much more than exercise25 de Outubro de 2014
The global population is aging rapidly, and the growing numbers of elderly challenge our societal structures, not least the health sector, which is why authorities encourage the elderly to lead active and healthy life styles. But to equate active aging strictly with health is too narrow a focus, new research shows; the elderly can reap many benefits from activities that do not necessarily conform to official life style recommendations -- billiards for
Tailored `activity coaching´ by smartphone25 de Outubro de 2014
Today´s smartphone user can obtain a lot of data about his or her health, thanks to built-in or separate sensors. Researchers now take this health monitoring to a higher level. Using the system he developed, the smartphone also acts as an `activity coach´: it advices the user to walk or take a rest. In what way the user wants to be addressed, is typically something the system learns by itself.Saiba mais
VAGAS DE RESIDÊNCIA MÉDICA MEDICINA DO EXERCÍCIO E DO ESPORTE – 201525 de Outubro de 2014
O Instituto de Assistência Médica ao Servidor Público Estadual - IAMSPE, por meio do Centro de Desenvolvimento de Ensino e Pesquisa e Comissão de Residência Médica, abriu inscrições para os candidatos ao Programa de Residência em Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte.Saiba mais
High percentage of recalled dietary supplements still have banned ingredients24 de Outubro de 2014
About two-thirds of FDA recalled dietary supplements analyzed still contained banned drugs at least 6 months after being recalled, according to a study. Banned substances identified in recalled supplements included sibutramine, sibutramine analogs, sildenafil, fluoxetine, phenolphthalein, aromatase inhibitor, and various anabolic steroids.
Coastal living boosts physical activity, study shows24 de Outubro de 2014
People who live close to the coast are more likely to meet physical activity guidelines than inland dwellers, finds a new study. The research involved participants from across England and describes a particularly noticeable effect on western -- but unexpectedly not eastern -- coasts of the nation.Saiba mais
Beetroot beneficial for athletes, heart failure patients, research finds24 de Outubro de 2014
The nitrate in beetroot targets fast-twitch muscles, increasing the blood flow to muscles that receive less oxygen, researchers report. This can increase high-intensity athletic performance and improve quality of life of heart failure patients.Saiba mais
Screening tools to detect lung, heart disease developed by two high school students24 de Outubro de 2014
Screening tools using electronic stethoscopes to detect lung and heart disease have been developed by two Michigan high school students. An electronic stethoscope overcomes the problem of low sound levels by electronically amplifying body sounds, using an electromagnetic diaphragm that captures the diaphragm movement as an electrical signal.Saiba mais
Sport in old age can stimulate brain fitness, but effect decreases with advancing age20 de Outubro de 2014
Physical exercise in old age can improve brain perfusion as well as certain memory skills, say neuroscientists who studied men and women aged between 60 and 77. In younger individuals regular training on a treadmill tended to improve cerebral blood flow and visual memory. However, trial participants who were older than 70 years of age tended to show no benefit of exercise.Saiba mais
Cells´ powerhouses were once energy parasites: Study upends current theories of how mitochondria began17 de Outubro de 2014
Parasitic bacteria were the first cousins of the mitochondria that power cells in animals and plants -- and first acted as energy parasites in those cells before becoming beneficial, according to a new study.Saiba mais
New way to lose weight: Scientists stimulate brown fat to burn more energy from food17 de Outubro de 2014
The number of overweight persons is greatly increasing worldwide - and as a result is the risk of suffering a heart attack, stroke, diabetes or Alzheimer´s disease. For this reason, many people dream of an efficient method for losing weight. Scientists have now come one step closer to this goal. The scientists discovered a new way to stimulate brown fat and thus burn energy from food: The body´s own adenosine activates brown fat and "browns"
Weight gain study suggests polyunsaturated oil healthier option17 de Outubro de 2014
Rapid weight gain from eating foods rich in saturated fats quickly increased bad cholesterol levels, even in otherwise healthy and normal-weight adults in their mid-20s. The opposite was true in those who ate products made with polyunsaturated fats, even though they gained equal weight in the same amount of time.Saiba mais
Change your walking style, change your mood17 de Outubro de 2014
Our mood can affect how we walk -- slump-shouldered if we´re sad, bouncing along if we´re happy. Now researchers have shown it works the other way too -- making people imitate a happy or sad way of walking actually affects their mood.Saiba mais
Energy drinks may pose danger to public health, researchers warn17 de Outubro de 2014
Increased consumption of energy drinks may pose danger to public health, especially among young people, warns a team of researchers. Energy drinks are non-alcoholic beverages that contain caffeine, vitamins, and sometimes other ingredients such as taurine, ginseng, and guarana. They are typically marketed as boosting energy and increasing physical and mental performance.
Diet, exercise during pregnancy has hidden benefits14 de Outubro de 2014
It might not be obvious on the scales, but healthy eating and increased physical activity from walking during pregnancy is directly associated with a range of improved outcomes at birth, according to researchers.Saiba mais
Teenage baseball pitchers at risk for permanent shoulder injury14 de Outubro de 2014
Young baseball pitchers who throw more than 100 pitches per week are at risk for a newly identified overuse injury that can impede normal shoulder development and lead to additional problems, including rotator cuff tears, according to a new study.Saiba mais
Dads, not just moms, battle balancing work, family, exercise13 de Outubro de 2014
Fathers experience the same exercise barriers as mothers: family responsibilities, guilt, lack of support, lack of time, scheduling constraints and work, a researcher has found. Although barriers for both parents are similar, working moms reported an additional hurdle. Mothers cited work and scheduling constraints as more of a barrier than fathers. Many active fathers found time to exercise during the workday, but mothers reported fear of being judged by co-workers for leaving to workout and lack of time to freshen up after a workout.Saiba mais
Early signs of heart trouble in obese youth found in study13 de Outubro de 2014
A study that used two-dimensional echocardiography to closely examine the hearts of 100 children and teens found physical and functional signs of future heart problems already developing in obese children.Saiba mais
Price gap between more and less healthy foods grows13 de Outubro de 2014
Novel use of UK national data finds a growing gap between the prices of more and less healthy foods between 2002 and 2012. Healthy foods in 2012 are three times more expensive per calorie than less healthy foods.Saiba mais
Talking while driving safest with someone who can see what you see13 de Outubro de 2014
A new study offers fresh insights into how talking on a cell phone or to a passenger while driving affects one´s performance behind the wheel. The study used a driving simulator and videophone to assess how a driver´s conversation partner influences safety on the road.
College athletes in contact sports more likely to carry MRSA, study finds11 de Outubro de 2014
Even if they don´t show signs of infection, college athletes who play football, soccer and other contact sports are more likely to carry the superbug methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This puts them at higher risk for infection and increases the likelihood of spreading the bug, which can cause serious and even fatal
Drinking decaf or regular coffee maybe good for the liver, study suggests11 de Outubro de 2014
Researchers report that decaffeinated coffee drinking may benefit liver health. Results show that higher coffee consumption, regardless of caffeine content, was linked to lower levels of abnormal liver enzymes. This suggests that chemical compounds in coffee other than caffeine may help protect the liver.Saiba mais
Why men are the weaker sex when it comes to bone health11 de Outubro de 2014
Alarming new data shows that one-third of all hip fractures worldwide occur in men, with mortality rates as high as 37 percent in the first year following fracture. This makes men twice as likely as women to die after a hip fracture. Osteoporosis experts warn that as men often remain undiagnosed and untreated, millions are left vulnerable to early death and disability, irrespective of fracture type.Saiba mais
Less than half of Canadians exercise to relieve stress09 de Outubro de 2014
People were more likely to cope with stress by problem-solving, looking on the bright side, trying to relax, talking to others, blaming oneself, ignoring stress or praying, rather than being active, a new study has found.Saiba mais
Active aging is much more than exercise09 de Outubro de 2014
The global population is aging rapidly, and the growing numbers of elderly challenge our societal structures, not least the health sector, which is why authorities encourage the elderly to lead active and healthy life styles. But to equate active aging strictly with health is too narrow a focus, new research shows; the elderly can reap many benefits from activities that do not necessarily conform to official life style recommendations -- billiards for
Sex difference in distance running has disappeared for participation but not for competitiveness07 de Outubro de 2014
When it comes to distance running participation, even among contemporary U.S. distance runners, men are still much more likely than women to have a competitive orientation, according to researchers.Saiba mais
Hill training benefits distance runners07 de Outubro de 2014
Most running magazines contain articles endorsing hill training for serious long distance runners, “but there was virtually no research to support it,” explained one researcher. As part of his doctoral work in health and nutritional sciences, he confirmed that running on a 10 percent incline can improve the overall performance of long distance runners.Saiba mais
Run, cheetah, run: New algorithm enables cheetah robot to run and jump, untethered, across grass07 de Outubro de 2014
Speed and agility are hallmarks of the cheetah: The big predator is the fastest land animal on Earth, able to accelerate to 60 mph in just a few seconds. As it ramps up to top speed, a cheetah pumps its legs in tandem, bounding until it reaches a full gallop.Saiba mais
Association of physical activity with diabetes is weakest among women at high genetic risk06 de Outubro de 2014
The protective effect of physical activity against diabetes is weakest among those at high genetic risk, a new study suggests. The researchers say: "We conclude that although physical activity appears to have an overall protective effect on type 2 diabetes, this putative effect is weakest among individuals with high genetic risk for type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance."Saiba mais
Energy drinks cause insomnia, nervousness in athletes04 de Outubro de 2014
A study analyzing the positive and negative effects of energy drinks on athletes has seen that, although in principle their sports performance was seen to improve by between 3% and 7%, there was also an increase in the frequency of insomnia, nervousness and the level of stimulation in the hours following competition, scientists report.Saiba mais
Acupuncture does not improve chronic knee pain, study finds04 de Outubro de 2014
In patients older than 50 years with moderate or severe chronic knee pain, acupuncture did not provide any benefit, a study has concluded. Acupuncture is the most popular of alternative medical systems. Although traditionally administered with needles, laser acupuncture (low-intensity laser therapy to acupuncture points) is a non-invasive alternative with evidence of benefit in some pain conditions.Saiba mais
Keeping your eyes on the prize can help with exercise, study finds04 de Outubro de 2014
The adage that encourages people to keep their `eyes on the prize´ may be on target when it comes to exercise. When walking, staying focused on a specific target ahead can make the distance to it appear shorter and help people walk there faster, psychology researchers have found.Saiba mais
Why wet feels wet: Understanding the illusion of wetness02 de Outubro de 2014
Though it seems simple, feeling that something is wet is quite a feat because our skin does not have receptors that sense wetness. UK researchers propose that wetness perception is intertwined with our ability to sense cold temperature and tactile sensations such as pressure and texture.Saiba mais
After-school exercise program enhances cognition in 7-, 8- and 9-year-olds02 de Outubro de 2014
A nine-month-long, randomized controlled trial involving 221 prepubescent children found that those who engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes a day after school saw substantial improvements in their ability to pay attention, avoid distraction and switch between cognitive tasks, researchers report.Saiba mais
Lift weights, improve your memory, study shows02 de Outubro de 2014
Here´s another reason why it´s a good idea to hit the gym: it can improve memory. A new study shows that an intense workout of as little as 20 minutes can enhance episodic memory, also known as long-term memory for previous events, by about 10 percent in healthy young adults.Saiba mais
Cardiorespiratory fitness is often misdiagnosed01 de Outubro de 2014
Scaling maximal oxygen uptake and maximal workload by body weight confounds measures of cardiorespiratory fitness, a recent study has shown. It has been a common practice in exercise testing to scale the results by body weight and, according to researchers, this practice should be abandoned. More reliable data on cardiorespiratory fitness can be observed by using lean mass proportional measures, they say.Saiba mais
Osteoarthritis of the hip: appropriate exercise therapy can alleviate symptoms01 de Outubro de 2014
Osteoarthritis of the hip is a progressive degenerative disorder affecting the hip joints, which affects one in 10 adults. The symptoms range from pain after intense joint loading to morning pain/stiffness and impaired mobility in everyday life. To date, no cure exists. Appropriate exercise therapy can, however, delay progression of the disease and alleviate symptoms, as shown in a randomized controlled study.Saiba mais
Revolutionary hamstring tester will keep more players on the field01 de Outubro de 2014
Elite sporting stars can assess and reduce their risk of a hamstring injury thanks to a breakthrough in research. `We showed, for the first time, that hamstring injury risk can be quantified by measuring an athlete´s hamstring strength when they´re performing the Nordic hamstring curl exercise,´one researcher said.Saiba mais
Yoga, meditation may help train brain to help people control computers with their mind28 de Setembro de 2014
People who practice yoga and meditation long term can learn to control a computer with their minds faster and better than people with little or no yoga or meditation experience, new research by biomedical engineers shows. The research could have major implications for treatments of people who are paralyzed or have neurodegenerative diseases.Saiba mais
Activity restriction in pregnancy: New paper outlines physician recommendations on bed rest26 de Setembro de 2014
Physicians recommend against the routine use of activity restriction or bed rest, and in a new article outline their recommendations on its use.Saiba mais
Cardiorespiratory fitness can delay male, age-associated blood pressure hikes26 de Setembro de 2014
A man´s cardiorespiratory fitness can drastically delay the natural, age-associated increase of his blood pressure over his adult life span. According to a study, men with higher fitness levels experience a delay in the development of hypertension when compared to those with lower fitness levels.
Parents´ activity unlikely to influence teen fitness26 de Setembro de 2014
Teens don´t necessarily follow in their parents´ footsteps when it comes to physical activity, finds a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.Saiba mais
Many elite college athletes return to play after ACL surgery25 de Setembro de 2014
The majority of athletes included in a new study were able to return to play after having knee surgery to repair an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. "It´s very clear from our data that the younger the elite athlete, the higher risk for reinjury," said the lead author of the study.Saiba mais
Does size matter? MRI measures of joint´s geometry suggest role in athletes´ severe knee injuries25 de Setembro de 2014
With only 200-300,000 per year, ACL injuries are far less common than ankle ligament injuries, which number more than two million annually. But ACL injuries can end sports careers and are proven to lead to the early onset of osteoarthritis, putting young athletes on track for joint replacement as early as their 30s. Research provides insight into the potential role of the knee´s geometric characteristics in increasing injury risk.Saiba mais
Sporting events should ditch nutritional supps, sports drinks sponsorship, experts urge25 de Setembro de 2014
Sporting bodies should ditch the sponsorship of nutritional supplement and sports drinks manufacturers, because they could be lending `unwarranted credibility´ to these products, conclude two leading authorities on the promotion of sports for health and wellbeing.
Best exercise for obese youths analyzed24 de Setembro de 2014
What exercise program can best fight the `epidemic´ of teen obesity? According to a study, by combining aerobic exercise with resistance training. "Obesity is an epidemic among youth," says one author. "Adolescents who are overweight are typically advised to exercise more, but there is limited evidence on what type of exercise is best in order to lose fat."Saiba mais
Variability in heart beat keeps the body in balance22 de Setembro de 2014
Although the heart beats out a very familiar `lub-dub´ pattern that speeds up or slows down as our activity increases or decreases, the pattern itself isn´t as regular as you might think. In fact, the amount of time between heartbeats can vary even at a `constant´ heart rate -- and that variability, doctors have found, is a good thing.Saiba mais
Exercise boosts tumor-fighting ability of chemotherapy, team finds22 de Setembro de 2014
Study after study has proven it true: exercise is good for you. But new research suggests that exercise may have an added benefit for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Their work, performed in a mouse model of melanoma, found that combining exercise with chemotherapy shrunk tumors more than chemotherapy alone.Saiba mais
The effects of soy and whey protein supplementation on acute hormonal reponses to resistance exercise in men20 de Setembro de 2014
With protein supplement use by athletes on the rise, a group of researchers expanded upon prior research examining the effects of soy and whey protein supplementation on testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), and cortisol responses to an acute bout of resistance exercise.Saiba mais
Getting the jump on competitors: athletes´ focus determines winning jump19 de Setembro de 2014
Umpires and judges are the unwitting focus of some of Australia´s best fast bowlers, track and field athletes and gymnasts to improve their performance in competition, thanks to a new training technique.Saiba mais
Congenital, genetic heart disease screening recommendations for people 12-2518 de Setembro de 2014
Healthcare professionals should include 14 key elements that can be used as a checklist for screening young people age 12-25 for congenital and genetic heart disease. If any of the elements are positive, further testing may be needed, but initial screening using electrocardiograms (ECG) to detect underlying genetic and congenital heart disease in this age group prior to employing this checklist, has not been shown to save lives, according to a
Benefits, risks of yoga found for bipolar disorder17 de Setembro de 2014
A survey of people with bipolar disorder who practice yoga have identified benefits and risks of the practice. The information, plus a pilot clinical trial currently underway, could help psychologists develop yoga as an adjunctive therapy for the condition.Saiba mais
Sport, physical activity help against depression17 de Setembro de 2014
Depression is the most frequently diagnosed mental illness. In the western industrial nations, at least every tenth person suffers from depression once in the course of their life. Depression influences physical health more than diabetes or arthritis, clinicians say. Treatment of depression traditionally occurs with antidepressants and psychotherapy. But as research has shown, sport and physical activity partially encounters the same neurophysiological changes as antidepressants.
The benefits and dangers of supplements16 de Setembro de 2014
From multivitamins to supplements that pledge to help with everything from depression to treating athlete’s foot, whole stores are filled with these alternative medications. With so many options out there it can be difficult for patients to know what is beneficial or even where to start.Saiba mais
Neuroimaging technique identifies concussion-related brain disease in living brain16 de Setembro de 2014
An experimental positron emission tomography (PET) tracer is effective in diagnosing concussion-related brain disease while a person is still alive. A new study suggests that an experimental radiolabeled compound, which is designed to latch onto a protein called tau that accumulates in the brain with repetitive blows to the head, can be registered on a PET scanner to effectively diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).
A wife´s happiness is more crucial than her husband´s in keeping marriage on track14 de Setembro de 2014
When it comes to a happy marriage, a new study finds that the more content the wife is with the long-term union, the happier the husband is with his life no matter how he feels about the nuptials.Saiba mais
No innocent bystander: Cartilage contributes to arthritis14 de Setembro de 2014
Cartilage plays an active role in the destruction and remodeling of joints seen in rheumatoid arthritis, rather than being an `innocent bystander´ as previously thought, researchers report.Saiba mais
High levels of physical activity linked to better academic performance in boys14 de Setembro de 2014
Higher levels of physical activity are related to better academic achievement during the first three school years, particularly in boys, research shows. For instance, boys with higher levels of physical activity, and especially walking and bicycling to and from school, had better reading skills than less active boys.
High protein diets lead to lower blood pressure, study finds14 de Setembro de 2014
Adults who consume a high-protein diet may be at a lower risk for developing high blood pressure, concludes a study that found participants consuming the highest amount of protein -- an average of 100 g protein/day -- had a 40 percent lower risk of having high blood pressure compared to the lowest intake level.Saiba mais
New superfoods could help key protein keep bodies healthy14 de Setembro de 2014
A new generation of new superfoods that tackle heart disease and diabetes could be developed following research into a protein that helps keep cells in our bodies healthy. The beneficial substances comprise broccoli-derived sulforaphane and quercetin, which is found in high-levels in onions.Saiba mais
Brain differences: Sometimes, adolescents just can´t resist14 de Setembro de 2014
A new study finds teenagers are far more sensitive than adults to the immediate effect or reward of their behaviors. Even when a behavior is no longer in a teenager’s best interest to continue, they will because the effect of the reward is still there and lasts much longer in adolescents than in adults.Saiba mais
Re-analysis of clinical trial data can change conclusions in one-third of studies14 de Setembro de 2014
As many as one-third of previously published randomized clinical trials could be re-analyzed in ways that modify the conclusions of how many or what types of patients need to be treated, according to a new study.Saiba mais
Exercise before school may reduce ADHD symptoms in kids10 de Setembro de 2014
Offering daily, before-school, aerobic activities to younger, at-risk children could help in reducing the symptoms of ADHD in the classroom and at home, research suggests. Signs can include inattentiveness, moodiness and difficulty getting along with others.Saiba mais
Children with ADHD have higher risk of teenage obesity, physical inactivity10 de Setembro de 2014
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to become obese and sedentary teenagers, according to new research. Previous studies have suggested a link between ADHD and obesity, but whether one leads to the other is unclear. Conduct disorder, a condition related to ADHD and linked to tendencies towards delinquency, rulebreaking and violence, was also found to increase risk of obesity and physical inactivity among teens.Saiba mais
Sports broadcasting gender roles echoed on Twitter, study shows10 de Setembro de 2014
Twitter provides an avenue for female sports broadcasters to break down gender barriers, yet it currently serves to express their subordinate sports media roles, researchers have concluded after conducting a study.Saiba mais
Curb sitting time to protect aging DNA, possibly extend lifespan10 de Setembro de 2014
Curbing the amount of time spent sitting down might help to protect aging DNA and therefore possibly extend the lifespan, suggests a small study. Reducing sedentary activity appears to lengthen telomeres, which sit on the end of chromosomes, the DNA storage units in each cell, the findings show. Telomeres are important because they stop chromosomes from `fraying´ or clumping together and `scrambling´ the genetic codes they contain, performing a role similar to the plastic tips on the end of shoelaces, to which they have been likened.Saiba mais
Taking short walking breaks found to reverse negative effects of prolonged sitting09 de Setembro de 2014
Three easy -- one could even say slow -- 5-minute walks can reverse harm caused to leg arteries during three hours of prolonged sitting, researchers report. Sitting for long periods of time is associated with risk factors such as higher cholesterol levels and greater waist circumference that can lead to cardiovascular and metabolic disease. When people sit, slack muscles do not contract to effectively pump blood to the heart. Blood can pool in the legs and affect the endothelial function of arteries, or the ability of blood vessels to expand from increased blood
Sleeping on animal fur in infancy found to reduce risk of asthma09 de Setembro de 2014
Sleeping on animal fur in the first three months of life might reduce the risk of asthma in later childhood a new study has found. The chance of having asthma at the age of 6 years was 79% lower in children who had slept on animal skin after birth compared with those who were not exposed to animal skin. The risk decreased to 41% by the age
Guideline for determining effectiveness of college football training methods07 de Setembro de 2014
Athletic performance varies from day to day, which can make it difficult for strength and conditioning professionals to judge whether athletes´ improvements are due to effective training. Now, researchers have established a guideline that trainers can use to distinguish whether college football players´ improvements on weightlifting tests result from increased performance capability or day-to-day variability.Saiba mais
Liver injury caused by herbals, dietary supplements rises in study population05 de Setembro de 2014
Liver injury caused by herbals and dietary supplements increased from 7% to 20% in a U.S. study group over a ten-year period, research shows. According to the study, liver injury caused by non-bodybuilding supplements is most severe, occurring more often in middle-aged women and more frequently resulting in death or the need for transplantation than liver injury from bodybuilding supplements or conventional medications.Saiba mais
Recovery reversal seen in study of returning concussed athletes05 de Setembro de 2014
When are athletes who have suffered concussions ready to return to action? A new study has found that high school athletes who head back on the field with medical clearance within 60 days experience a significant regression in their abilities to simultaneously walk and do simple mental tasks.Saiba mais
Potassium-rich foods cut stroke, death risks among older women05 de Setembro de 2014
Older women who eat foods with higher amounts of potassium may be at lower risk of stroke and death than women who consume less potassium-rich foods. The health benefits from potassium-rich foods are greater among older women who do not have high blood pressure. Most older American women do not eat the recommended amounts of potassium from foods.Saiba mais
Outdoor activities may be linked to exfoliation syndrome in eyes05 de Setembro de 2014
Outdoor activities may increase the odds of developing exfoliation syndrome (XFS) in the eyes, a condition which has been linked to cataracts and glaucoma. XFS is a harmful aging of the eye associated cataracts, elevated intraocular pressure and retinal vein blockage. There is evidence that climate factors contribute to XFS. For example, aboriginal Australians who spend lots of time outdoors have a higher prevalence of the disorder.Saiba mais
What is keeping your kids up at night? Turning off electronics helps everyone sleep better05 de Setembro de 2014
Sleep, or lack thereof, and technology often go hand in hand when it comes to school-aged kids. Nearly three out of four children (72%) between the ages of 6 and 17 have at least one electronic device in their bedrooms while sleeping, according to a National Sleep Foundation survey. Children who leave those electronic devices on at night sleep less -— up to one hour less on average per night.Saiba mais
Lead and cadmium found in some chocolate bought in Brazil05 de Setembro de 2014
Scientists have found that commercial samples of chocolate purchased in Brazil contain varying levels of lead and cadmium, which can cause health problems, and that those levels are linked to how much cocoa a product
Comparison of named diet programs finds little difference in weight loss outcomes04 de Setembro de 2014
In an analysis of data from nearly 50 trials including about 7,300 individuals, significant weight loss was observed with any low-carbohydrate or low-fat diet, with weight loss differences between diet programs small, findings that support the practice of recommending any diet that a patient will adhere to in order to lose weight.Saiba mais
Direct brain-to-brain communication demonstrated in human subjects03 de Setembro de 2014
In a first-of-its-kind study, an international team of neuroscientists and robotics engineers has demonstrated the viability of direct brain-to-brain communication in humans.Saiba mais
An hour of moderate exercise a day may decrease heart failure risk03 de Setembro de 2014
Being physically active every day may lower your risk of developing heart failure. The more active you are, the greater your protection from heart failure, studies show.Saiba mais
Fruit consumption cuts cardiovascular disease risk by up to 40 percent03 de Setembro de 2014
Daily fruit consumption cuts the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) by up to 40 percent, according to research. The findings from the seven-year follow-up study of nearly a half million people in the China Kadoorie Biobank found that the more fruit people ate, the more their risk of CVD declined.Saiba mais
Antidepressants show potential for postoperative pain03 de Setembro de 2014
Anesthesiologists examine studies where antidepressants were prescribed for pain after surgery. Clinical trials are often used to answer questions about the efficacy of the off-label uses of drugs. In the case of antidepressants, their effects on postsurgical pain continue to be an area of research interest.Saiba mais
Batteryless cardiac pacemaker is based on automatic wristwatch: Powered by heart motion02 de Setembro de 2014
A new batteryless cardiac pacemaker based on an automatic wristwatch and powered by heart motion has been presented by researchers. The prototype device does not require battery replacement.Saiba mais
Wine only protects against cardiovascular disease in people who exercise, study finds01 de Setembro de 2014
Wine only protects against cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people who exercise, according to results from the a study. Evidence suggesting that mild to moderate consumption of wine protects against cardiovascular disease has been accumulating since the early 1990s. In particular, retrospective studies have found that wine increases levels of HDL, the "good" cholesterol. But until now there has been no long-term, prospective, randomised study comparing the effects of red and white wine on HDL cholesterol and other markers of atherosclerosis.Saiba mais
Intense exercise during long space flights helps astronauts protect aerobic capacity01 de Setembro de 2014
Many astronauts experience a dip in aerobic capacity during long space flights, which can impair their ability to perform complex and demanding routine tasks. In a new article, NASA researchers find that regular, intense in-flight exercise helps preserve cardiovascular stamina.Saiba mais
Men, women do not differ in clinical presentation of labral tears01 de Setembro de 2014
Although men and women differ in hip structure, biomechanics and operative findings of symptomatic labral tears, they do not differ substantially in clinical presentation, according to study results.Saiba mais
Energy drinks can cause heart problems, study suggests01 de Setembro de 2014
Energy drinks can cause heart problems according to research. "So-called `energy drinks´ are popular in dance clubs and during physical exercise, with people sometimes consuming a number of drinks one after the other. This situation can lead to a number of adverse conditions including angina, cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) and even sudden death," researchers report.
Men who exercise less more likely to wake up to urinate31 de Agosto de 2014
Men who are physically active are at lower risk of nocturia (waking up at night to urinate), according to a study. Nocturia is the most common and bothersome lower urinary tract symptom in men. Causes include overproduction of urine, low bladder capacity and sleep disturbances. Nocturia increases with age, and is estimated to occur in more than 50 percent of men 45 and older.Saiba mais
Education, dog-friendly neighborhoods could tackle obesity31 de Agosto de 2014
Investing in dog owner education and facilities as a strategy to target physical inactivity and problems such as obesity in both people and their pets. It is estimated that 40% of dog owners don´t take their dogs for a walk. In the UK, almost a quarter of households own a dog, but less than half of adults meet the recommended level of 150 minutes a week of physical activity.Saiba mais
Student designs soccer video game adapted to people with cerebral palsy31 de Agosto de 2014
A soccer game adapted for people with cerebral palsy has been designed that is operated with a foot switch, a push rod head switch and a hand switch. A new tool allows any player to have equal access with different physical conditions.Saiba mais
Female athletes at highest risk for first-time noncontact ACL tear29 de Agosto de 2014
Although multiple factors influence first-time noncontact ACL injuries, female athletes are most at risk to sustain them, according to recently published data.Saiba mais
From nose to knee: Engineered cartilage regenerates joints29 de Agosto de 2014
Human articular cartilage defects can be treated with nasal septum cells. Researchers now report that cells taken from the nasal septum are able to adapt to the environment of the knee joint and can thus repair articular cartilage defects. The nasal cartilage cells´ ability to self-renew and adapt to the joint environment is associated with the expression of so-called HOX genes.Saiba mais
The universal `anger face´: Each element makes you look physically stronger and more formidable29 de Agosto de 2014
Each element of the anger face makes the person expressing it appear physically stronger and more
Pump up the music -- especially the bass -- to make you feel powerful29 de Agosto de 2014
It´s the day of the big game -- before heading out to the field, you put on your headphones and blast some music to pump you up. The music seemingly empowers you to do great things. This effect is not all in your head: according to new research, music truly does make us feel powerful. But not all songs have the same effect, and the levels of bass are a key factor in their effectiveness.
Everest expedition provides first evidence of effects of altitude on blood pressure monitored over a 24-hour period28 de Agosto de 2014
An expedition to Mount Everest has shown for the first time that blood pressure monitored over a 24-hour period rises progressively as people climb to higher altitudes. The researchers also found that while a drug used for lowering blood pressure, called telmisartan, was effective in counteracting the effects of altitude up to 3400 meters, it was not effective at 5400 meters above sea level – the height of the Everest base camp.Saiba mais
Educated consumers more likely to use potentially unreliable online healthcare information28 de Agosto de 2014
Consumers are increasingly turning to forums, video-sharing sites, and peer support groups to gather anecdotal health-care information and advice, which may distract them from more reliable and trustworthy sources. New research studies the characteristics of consumers who use the Internet to collect health-care information.Saiba mais
Lifetime of fitness: Fountain of youth for bone, joint health?28 de Agosto de 2014
Being physically active may significantly improve musculoskeletal and overall health, and minimize or delay the effects of aging. "An increasing amount of evidence demonstrates that we can modulate age-related decline in the musculoskeletal system," said the lead study author.. "A lot of the deterioration we see with aging can be attributed to a more sedentary lifestyle instead of aging itself."Saiba mais
Unlike less educated people, college grads more active on weekends than weekdays28 de Agosto de 2014
People´s educational attainment influences their level of physical activity both during the week and on weekends, according to a new study.Saiba mais
Leave car at home for a healthier daily commute, say experts28 de Agosto de 2014
Commuting to work by active (walking or cycling) and public modes of transport is linked to lower body weight and body fat composition compared with those using private transport, suggests a study. The health benefits of physical activity are well known, and studies suggests that active commuters are at lower risk of being overweight.Saiba mais
26º CBMEE - Nota de agradecimento28 de Agosto de 2014
A Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte (SBMEE) gostaria de expressar o contentamento pela realização do 26º Congresso Brasileiro de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte, em especial pelo esforço dos colegas Dr. Ronaldo Cançado e Dr. Marconi Gomes da Silva e o apoio da Sociedade Mineira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte (SMEXE).Saiba mais
Key to speed? Elite sprinters unlike other athletes, deliver forceful punch to ground27 de Agosto de 2014
The world´s fastest sprinters have a distinctive ability unlike other runners to attack the ground and attain faster speeds, according to new research. The new findings indicate that sprinters use a combined limb motion and foot-strike mechanism that enhances speed by elevating foot-ground impact forces. "The sprinters we tested all used the same mechanism for maximizing force application and sprinting performance," said the study´s lead author.Saiba mais
New study first to examine quality of cardiac rehabilitation programs in Canada27 de Agosto de 2014
Seja um atleta do Minas26 de Agosto de 2014
Inscreva-se aqui, até o dia 31 outubro de 2014, para a primeira fase dos testes de seleção que formarão as equipes de base do Minas, em 2015, conforme o Projeto de Formação e Desenvolvimento de Atletas por meio da Integração das Ciências do Esporte.Saiba mais
Train your heart to protect your mind26 de Agosto de 2014
Exercising to improve our cardiovascular strength may protect us from cognitive impairment as we age, according to a new study. "Our body´s arteries stiffen with age, and the vessel hardening is believed to begin in the aorta, the main vessel coming out of the heart, before reaching the brain. Indeed, the hardening may contribute to cognitive changes that occur during a similar time frame," explained the first author of the study.Saiba mais
There´s More to Sports Medicine Than Concussions and ACL Injuries!26 de Agosto de 2014
My most recent travels have taken me to the great northwest, to Portland, Oregon, where I participated in the 4th World Conference on Science and Soccer. This is the second such meeting I have attended (the last was in Ghent, Belgium, in 2012) and a refreshing change from my usual attendance at hard core “sports medicine” meetings. Although my presentations at this meeting have focused on the topic of concussions and soccer heading, I’ve come to realize that the rest of the world is not so focused on the same issues that seem to have engulfed the sports medicine community here in the United States. In fact, it is this observation that I wish to address in this editorial and the premise that there are many more areas of concern that sports health care professionals are dealing with than just sport-related concussions and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.Saiba mais
Residentes e ex-residentes de Medicina Esportiva USP/Unifesp/UCS em 26º CBMEE - BH25 de Agosto de 2014
A Medicina Esportiva é uma área incrível e,infelizmente, pouco conhecida da medicina. Cuidamos não só do atleta profissional buscando melhora na performance como também do para-atleta, de pessoas com comorbidades, da promoção de saúde em geral e da reabilitação!! Saiba mais
Sociedade Mineira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte - SMEXE25 de Agosto de 2014
Hoje tivemos a parte final do Congresso Brasileiro de Medicina do Exercicio e do Esporte com a caminhada na Praça JK, em Belo Horizonte, com o Dr. Cooper! Saiba mais
When it comes to raising vitamin D levels, anesthesiologists advise: Don´t be wimpy!25 de Agosto de 2014
Enough observational studies -— it´s time for doctors to recommend steps to raise their patients´ vitamin D levels. That´s the message in a provocative editorial by anesthesiologists. There´s already enough evidence to justify increasing vitamin D levels to improve health, according to the opinion piece.Saiba mais
Does your computer know how you´re feeling?25 de Agosto de 2014
Researchers have designed a computer program that can accurately recognize users´ emotional states as much as 87% of the time, depending on the emotion. The study combined -- for the first time -- two established ways of detecting user emotions: keystroke dynamics and text-pattern analysis.Saiba mais
Recovery reversal seen in study of returning concussed athletes24 de Agosto de 2014
When are athletes who have suffered concussions ready to return to action? A new study has found that high school athletes who head back on the field with medical clearance within 60 days experience a significant regression in their abilities to simultaneously walk and do simple mental tasks.Saiba mais
Still no `justice for all´ for female athletes24 de Agosto de 2014
A new study takes stock of current sexual verification policies in athletics. While such policies were originally designed to weed out men who impersonate women at female-only events, issues of privacy and confidentiality remain paramount to safeguard athletes from unnecessary embarrassment, the lead author of the review says.Saiba mais
Playing hunger games: Are gamified health apps putting odds in your favor?23 de Agosto de 2014
For many people, finding motivation to exercise is a challenge. Thankfully, there are Zombies chasing you. At least that´s the approach of Zombies, Run! -- one of more than 31,000 health and fitness apps on the market today, and one of the growing number of apps that use games to increase physical activity. Gamification is currently the popular trend for mobile fitness apps, but whether or not it´s the best way to exercise remains to be seen.Saiba mais
Coronary calcium predicts heart disease risk in patients with chronic kidney disease23 de Agosto de 2014
Calcium build-up in the coronary artery walls was more useful for correctly predicting kidney disease patients´ risk of heart disease than other measures of atherosclerosis, such as thickness of the carotid artery walls and narrowing of the arteries in the legs, a new study reports.Saiba mais
Exercise may protect older women from irregular heartbeat23 de Agosto de 2014
Increasing the amount or intensity of physical activity can cut the chances of older women developing a life-threatening irregular heartbeat, according to new research. Researchers found that post-menopausal women who were the most physically active had a 10 percent lower risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF), compared to women with low levels of physical activity, even if they were obese. Obesity is an important risk factor for
Area of brain responsible for exercise motivation discovered23 de Agosto de 2014
An area of the brain that could control a person’s motivation to exercise and participate in other rewarding activities -– potentially leading to improved treatments for depression -- has been discovered by researchers. "Changes in physical activity and the inability to enjoy rewarding or pleasurable experiences are two hallmarks of major depression," one researcher said.Saiba mais
Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercicio do Esporte23 de Agosto de 2014
NO 33o. CONGRESSO DA FIMS, DR. JOSÉ KAWAZOE LAZZOLI FOI ELEITO TESOUREIRO DO COMITÊ EXECUTIVO DA ENTIDADESaiba mais
Taking a stand: Balancing the benefits, risks of physical activity in children20 de Agosto de 2014
Today the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology took a stand on the promotion of childhood physical activity. This position stand provides an important overview of knowledge in the area of risk of physical activity for children and suggests both practical guidelines and a research agenda. Uniquely, this position stand addresses both benefits and risks of physical activity for children.Saiba mais
Key to saving lives: Hands-only CPR20 de Agosto de 2014
Cardiac arrest -- an electrical malfunction in the heart that causes an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) and disrupts the flow of blood to the brain, lungs and other organs -- is a leading cause of death. Each year, over 420,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur in the United States. When a person has a cardiac arrest, survival depends on immediately getting CPR from someone nearby.Saiba mais
Physically fit kids have beefier brain white matter than their less-fit peers20 de Agosto de 2014
A new study of 9- and 10-year-olds finds that those who are more aerobically fit have more fibrous and compact white-matter tracts in the brain than their peers who are less fit. `White matter´ describes the bundles of axons that carry nerve signals from one brain region to another. More compact white matter is associated with faster and more efficient nerve activity.Saiba mais
Aspirin, take two: Research identifies a second effect of the drug against inflammation20 de Agosto de 2014
Aspirin has a second effect, researchers have found: Not only does it kill cyclooxygenase, thus preventing production of the prostaglandins that cause inflammation and pain, it also prompts the enzyme to generate another compound that hastens the end of inflammation, returning the affected cells to homeostatic health.Saiba mais
Baby aspirin? Many doctors don´t recommend, despite guidelines20 de Agosto de 2014
A majority of middle-aged men and women eligible to take aspirin to prevent heart attack and stroke do not recall their doctors ever telling them to do so, according to a study of an American sample of more than 3,000 patients. The finding illustrates a common disconnect between public health guidelines and what occurs in clinical practice. The study is consistent with other research showing that physicians often do not recommend aspirin as prevention therapy to the general population, despite established guidelines.Saiba mais
Hospitalizations, deaths from heart disease, stroke drop in last decade20 de Agosto de 2014
U.S. hospitalizations and deaths from heart disease and stroke dropped significantly in the last decade, according to new research. Furthermore, risks of dying for people who went to the hospital within a year decreased about 21 percent for unstable angina, 23 percent for heart attacks and 13 percent for heart failure and stroke.Saiba mais
Hand gestures improve learning in both signers, speakers20 de Agosto de 2014
Spontaneous gesture can help children learn, whether they use a spoken language or sign language, according to a new report. "Children who can hear use gesture along with speech to communicate as they acquire spoken language," a researcher said. "Those gesture-plus-word combinations precede and predict the acquisition of word combinations that convey the same notions. The findings make it clear that children have an understanding of these notions before they are able to express them in speech."Saiba mais
Children: Fruit, vegetable intake still too low; Human nutritionist says to focus on lunch20 de Agosto de 2014
Children between the ages of 2 and 18 are eating more whole fruits and drinking less fruit juice, a new report finds after the implementation of a new program. However, vegetable intake remains the same, they say. One expert says the switch from fruit juice to whole fruit has been a big improvement.Saiba mais
8,000-year-old mutation key to human life at high altitudes: Study identifies genetic basis for Tibetan adaptation18 de Agosto de 2014
In an environment where others struggle to survive, Tibetans thrive in the thin air of the Tibetan Plateau, with an average elevation of 14,800 feet. A new study is the first to find a genetic cause for the adaptation and demonstrate how it contributes to the Tibetans’ ability to live in low oxygen conditions.Saiba mais
Music to your ears? Evidence of damage to hearing from music18 de Agosto de 2014
Many people listen to loud music without realizing that this can affect their hearing. This could lead to difficulties in understanding speech during age-related hearing loss which affects up to half of people over the age of 65. New research has examined the cellular mechanisms that underlie hearing loss and tinnitus triggered by exposure to loud sound.Saiba mais
High-intensity exercise found safe and effective in long-term heart transplant, study concludes18 de Agosto de 2014
High-intensity exercise can help stable heart transplant patients reach higher levels of exercise capacity, and gain better control of their blood pressure than moderate intensity exercise, investigators report. Their research shows that high-intensity interval exercise -— training for a few minutes at close to the maximum heart rate -— is safe and more efficient than moderate exercise for improving exercise capacity in different groups of patients with heart
Temporary tattoo biobatteries produce power from sweat18 de Agosto de 2014
In the future, working up a sweat by exercising may not only be good for your health, but it could also power your small electronic devices. Researchers have designed a sensor in the form of a temporary tattoo that can both monitor a person’s progress during exercise and produce power from their perspiration.Saiba mais
Poor health literacy poses risks for pacemaker, defibrillator patients18 de Agosto de 2014
40 percent of patients with pacemakers and defibrillators had little to no ability to understand information about their cardiac health, according to results of a new study. The study examined literacy among patients with medical conditions that are common among patients with pacemakers and defibrillators. Individuals with hypertension or high cholesterol were more than twice as likely to have limited health literacy as individuals without those conditions. Diabetics were almost twice as likely to have low health literacy.Saiba mais
Natural light in office boosts health18 de Agosto de 2014
Office workers with more natural light exposure at the office had longer sleep duration, better sleep quality, more physical activity and better quality of life compared to office workers with less light exposure in the workplace, a study shows. "There is increasing evidence that exposure to light, during the day, particularly in the morning, is beneficial to your health via its effects on mood, alertness and metabolism," said the senior study author.Saiba mais
Evolutionary game: The English Premier League becomes a different ball game15 de Agosto de 2014
A new study is the largest of its kind to detail the physical and technical performance levels of more than 1,000 individual Premier League players across 23,000 match observations covering a seven season period, between 2006/07 and 2012/13.Saiba mais
Mental toughness: Why reaching the top in soccer is all in the mind, not the feet15 de Agosto de 2014
The mental edge that drives Premier League soccer players to succeed from a young age, including dealing with criticism, confronting challenges after repeated failures, and not being intimidated by others, has been outlined by researchers. "The report found that mentally tough players demonstrated a commitment to learning, had a strong level of trust with their coach, were more compliant with instructions and were always seeking ways to improve," researchers say.Saiba mais
Surprising differences in how teen athletes experience concussion14 de Agosto de 2014
The latest research on sports concussions in teens has been the focus of recent study. "We discovered a bidirectional relationship between both emotional symptoms developing in conjunction with physical symptoms, and also emotional symptoms developing because of the physical symptoms," said one researcher. In other words, "this research gives us a better understanding of the interaction between physical and emotional symptoms in concussion and will allow us to explore ways to help adolescents recover in a more timely fashion."Saiba mais
Estimated 1.65 million global cardiovascular deaths each year linked to high sodium consumption14 de Agosto de 2014
More than 1.6 million cardiovascular-related deaths per year can be attributed to sodium consumption above the World Health Organization´s recommendation of 2.0 grams per day, researchers have found in a new analysis of populations across 187 countries.
Both high physical activity, less sitting in leisure time may be required to substantially reduce risk of obesity14 de Agosto de 2014
Both higher levels of physical activity and lower levels of sitting in leisure time may be required to substantially reduce the risk of obesity, researchers report. Physical activity and sitting time (or `sedentariness´) are two common lifestyle-related behaviors associated with obesity and metabolic health, as well as with chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and with all-cause mortality.
Exercise associated with reduced risk of breast cancer in African American women14 de Agosto de 2014
Regular exercise, including brisk walking, is associated with a decrease in the incidence of breast cancer in African American women. In a recently published study, researchers found strong evidence linking physical exercise to a lower rate of breast cancer in African American women, a group in which previous evidence has been lacking.Saiba mais
Does your training routine really need to be that complicated?11 de Agosto de 2014
Researchers investigated the value of the Pre-Exhaustion training method and found that that the various arrangements of different exercise protocols is of less relevance than simply performing resistance training exercises with a high intensity of effort within any protocol. PreEx training is based on the principle that the targeted muscles can be pre-exhausted with isolation exercises immediately prior to a compound exercise -- thereby providing greater stimulation to the target muscles.Saiba mais
Extra exercise helps depressed smokers kick the habit faster11 de Agosto de 2014
People diagnosed with depression need to step out for a cigarette twice as often as smokers who are not dealing with a mood disorder. And those who have the hardest time shaking off the habit may have more mental health issues than they are actually aware of, research suggests. While nearly one in five North American adults are regular smokers, a figure that continues to steadily decline, about 40 per cent of depressed people are in need of a regular drag.Saiba mais
Stem cells aid muscle repair, strengthening after resistance exercise11 de Agosto de 2014
By injecting mesenchymal stem cells into mouse leg muscles prior to several bouts of eccentric exercise (similar to the lengthening contractions performed during resistance training in humans), researchers were able to increase the rate of repair and enhance the growth and strength of those muscles in the exercising mice.Saiba mais
SBMEE SE PRONUNCIA SOBRE A RÁDIO BANDNEWS11 de Agosto de 2014
À Rádio BandNews
A respeito do comentário do colunista Sérgio Xavier, sobre o trauma craniano sofrido pelo atleta Álvaro Pereira, no último sábado e que já tinha passado por um episódio semelhante, onde chama a Medicina Desportiva de criminosa porque este jogador retornou ao campo no mesmo jogo, a Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte (SBMEE) tem...Saiba mais
26O. CBMEE - AUMENTO DAS INSCRIÇÕES DOS TRABALHOS CIENTÍFICOS É QUASE O DOBRO ESTE ANO11 de Agosto de 2014
Está encerrado o prazo de recebimento dos trabalhos científicos para o 26o. Congresso Brasileiro de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte (CBMEE), que acontece nos dias 21 a 23 de agosto em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais.Saiba mais
In high-stakes soccer, goalkeepers exhibit `gambler´s fallacy´08 de Agosto de 2014
When goalkeepers are pitted against multiple kickers in tense penalty shootouts, their attempts to dive for the ball show a predictable pattern that kickers would do well to exploit. After kickers repeatedly kick in one direction, goalkeepers become increasingly likely to dive in the opposite direction, according to an analysis of all 361 kicks from the 37 penalty shootouts that occurred in World Cup and Union of European Football Associations Euro Cup matches over a 36-year period.Saiba mais
One shot, one chance: Can a soccer goalkeeper predict the kick strategy of a penalty taker?08 de Agosto de 2014
Since 1978, 23 nations have had their fate determined by a penalty shootout in the FIFA World Cup. When the penalty taker walks up to the penalty spot, they have the dreams of a nation on their shoulders; they have one shot to score the goal while the goalkeeper has one chance to predict which direction the penalty taker is going to kick the ball. As the tension mounts, all pressure falls on the penalty taker to score the goal, however why do few expectations fall on the goalkeeper to save the goal? Much research has been conducted designed to help penalty takers score, however a new study has identified the characteristics of kick strategies used by penalty takers which may improve a goalkeeper’s chance of making a save.Saiba mais
Boomers building muscle at the gym -- but where´s the passion07 de Agosto de 2014
Our motivations for exercise, from looking good to having fun, have been evaluated by researchers who find that for the baby boom generation, passion is the most important motivator -- a fact the fitness industry should embrace. “The marketing needs to be about passion, around finding deep personal meaning in physical activity,” one author says. “If you watch people playing tennis or slaloming down a hill, they’re not counting calories.”
Whole body CT scans of ancient and modern Egyptians show no significant differences in incidence or severity of atherosclerotic disease07 de Agosto de 2014
New research shows that there are no significant differences in the incidence or severity of atherosclerotic disease (narrowing of the arteries with fatty deposits) between ancient and modern Egyptians, showing that atherosclerosis is not just a disease of modern times.Saiba mais
Trends in substance use among high school athletes suggests increase of prescription pain medication usage07 de Agosto de 2014
Newly published research reports on the current trends of substance use by high school student athletes and notes an increase in the use of prescription pain medications. In the U.S., alcohol and marijuana use continue to threaten the collective health of American teenagers. At least half of the students enrolled in U.S. high schools consume alcohol. Furthermore, while the term “hard drug” often applies to illicit substances such as cocaine or LSD, it also now pertains to prescription pain relievers or analgesics (e.g. methadone, opium, morphine, and codeine).
Why interval walking training is better than continuous walking training06 de Agosto de 2014
Training with alternating levels of walking intensity could be better than walking at a constant speed to help manage blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes, research shows. The effects of exercise on blood sugar (glycaemic) control in individuals with type 2 diabetes are well documented but the optimal exercise intensity and type remains to be defined. Traditionally, high-intensity exercise has not been recommended for individuals with type 2 diabetes due to a fear of inducing injuries and discouraging patients from continuing with the exercise program.Saiba mais
Does your training routine really need to be that complicated?06 de Agosto de 2014
Researchers investigated the value of the Pre-Exhaustion training method and found that that the various arrangements of different exercise protocols is of less relevance than simply performing resistance training exercises with a high intensity of effort within any protocol. PreEx training is based on the principle that the targeted muscles can be pre-exhausted with isolation exercises immediately prior to a compound exercise -- thereby providing greater stimulation to the target muscles.Saiba mais
Children in immigrant families more likely to be sedentary06 de Agosto de 2014
Immigrant children from all racial and ethnic backgrounds are more likely to be sedentary than U.S.-born white children, according to a new study. The study also found that U.S.-born white children have higher rates of physical activity than minority children born in the U.S., although the gap is smaller than the one that exists with children of immigrants. U.S.-born black children are 1.35 times as likely to have lower levels of physical activity, U.S.-born Hispanic children are 1.23 times as likely and U.S.-born children of unspecified ethnicity are 1.52 times as likely.Saiba mais
The role of dairy in maintaining adult bone and skeletal muscle health06 de Agosto de 2014
Understanding that diets are often built around food groups rather than specific nutrients, researchers from Switzerland, France, and North America decided to examine interactions between four nutrients found in dairy products and their role in preserving bone and skeletal muscle.
Both high physical activity, less sitting in leisure time may be required to substantially reduce risk of obesity04 de Agosto de 2014
Both higher levels of physical activity and lower levels of sitting in leisure time may be required to substantially reduce the risk of obesity, researchers report. Physical activity and sitting time (or `sedentariness´) are two common lifestyle-related behaviors associated with obesity and metabolic health, as well as with chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and with all-cause mortality.Saiba mais
Advanced cancer patients can benefit from programs combining exercise, nutrition04 de Agosto de 2014
Patients with advanced cancer can benefit from a rehabilitation program combining exercise, nutritional counselling and symptom control, according to an evidence review. Palliative care programs should be expanded to include these elements and should be available to patients from diagnosis.
Exercise, relaxation activities positively impact people with social anxiety disorders04 de Agosto de 2014
New research has shed light on how exercise and relaxation activities like yoga can positively impact people with social anxiety disorders. The study found that exercise and relaxation activities literally change the way people perceive the world, altering their perception so that they view the environment in a less threatening, less negative way. For people with mood and anxiety disorders, this is an important breakthrough.
Five daily portions of fruit and vegetables may be enough to lower risk of early death01 de Agosto de 2014
Eating five daily portions of fruit and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of death from any cause, particularly from cardiovascular disease, but beyond five portions appears to have no further effect, finds a new study.Saiba mais
Intercollegiate contact athletes with shoulder instability return to in-season sports01 de Agosto de 2014
College athletes experiencing in-season shoulder instability regularly return to play within one week of injury, but developed recurrent instability in 63% of cases, according to new research. This latest information may help guide team physicians in providing the most optimal treatment plans for injured players.Saiba mais
New link between obesity in young, lowering of age of puberty01 de Agosto de 2014
A new link has been identified between obesity in childhood and the lowering of the age of puberty. The study focuses on a protein called sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), the regulation and role of which in children are poorly defined. SHBG binds to the sex hormones androgen and oestrogen. SHGB levels are initially high in childhood but decline significantly before puberty, in essence `allowing´ puberty to happen.Saiba mais
Does practice really make perfect?01 de Agosto de 2014
Does practice really make perfect? It´s an age-old question, and a new study finds that while practice won´t make you perfect, it will usually make you better at what you´re practicing. "Other factors matter as well, but even so, no one says that practice will ever hurt you; but be careful if you are walking tightropes," one researcher said.
Are motivations of 5km runner defined by individual ability?31 de Julho de 2014
5.2 million US citizens participated in 5km races in 2011 and 12,500 5km events were held in the US during the same time period. New research aims to find out what motivates 5km race participants and outline how race organizers can use the findings to their advantage when planning events.Saiba mais
Many people never grow out of their growing pains31 de Julho de 2014
Many adolescents suffer from knee pain for several years. The pain impacts both sporting activities and quality of life. "We can see from (a new) study that one in three young people between the ages of 12 and 19 experience problems with pain in their knees. Seven percent of the adolescents experience daily knee pain in the front of the knee," says a physiotherapist. "More than half still have problems after two years, so it is not something they necessarily grow out of."
Endurance runners more likely to die of heat stroke than heart condition29 de Julho de 2014
Heat stroke is 10 times more likely than cardiac events to be life-threatening for runners during endurance races in warm climates, according to a new study. The authors noted the findings may play a role in the ongoing debate over pre-participation ECG screenings for preventing sudden death in athletes by offering a new perspective on the greatest health risk for runners.Saiba mais
Running reduces risk of death regardless of duration, speed29 de Julho de 2014
Running for only a few minutes a day or at slow speeds may significantly reduce a person´s risk of death from cardiovascular disease compared to someone who does not run, according to a new study.Saiba mais
Why do men prefer nice women? Responsiveness and desire29 de Julho de 2014
Does responsiveness increase sexual desire in the other person? Do men perceive responsive women as more attractive, and does the same hold true for women´s perceptions of men? A recent study undertook to answer those questions.Saiba mais
Female triathletes at risk for pelvic floor disorders, other complications28 de Julho de 2014
Female triathletes are at risk for pelvic floor disorders, decreased energy, menstrual irregularities and abnormal bone density, according to researchers. "There has been a surge in popularity of high-impact sports such as triathlons, but little has been known until now about the prevalence of pelvic health and certain other issues associated with endurance training and events," said a study investigator.Saiba mais
Slow walking speed, memory complaints can predict dementia28 de Julho de 2014
A study involving nearly 27,000 older adults on five continents found that nearly 1 in 10 met criteria for pre-dementia based on a simple test that measures how fast people walk and whether they have cognitive complaints. People who tested positive for pre-dementia were twice as likely as others to develop dementia within 12 years.Saiba mais
Background TV can be bad for kids28 de Julho de 2014
Leaving the television on can be detrimental to children´s learning and development, according to a new study. Researchers found that background television can divert a child´s attention from play and learning. Regardless of family demographics, parenting can act as a buffer against the impacts of background TV, the research team found.
Activity level may predict orthopedic outcomes28 de Julho de 2014
Patients´ activity level is a strong predictor for how well they will do with certain treatments and how well they recover from injuries after treatment, research shows. "In orthopaedics, we want to restore function to take away pain and to help patients return to activity," said an orthopaedic surgeon and lead study author.Saiba mais
Does a work-out give you a bad hair day? Overcoming barriers to physical activity for African-American women28 de Julho de 2014
African American women whose hairstyle is affected by perspiration may avoid physical activity altogether, a study finds. However, researchers report that a recent societal culture shift may help African American women to overcome hairstyle barriers to activity. "We had some women (in the study) describe concerns of getting fired if they came to work with a low-maintenance hairstyle such as braids or natural hair, but we also heard women saying that they feel there is a growing cultural acceptance of these types of low-maintenance hairstyles."
Could heart attack patients could be treated more quickly?25 de Julho de 2014
Clinical judgement, combined with an electrocardiogram (ECG) and blood test on arrival, is effective in reducing unnecessary hospital admissions for chest pain, a new study shows. The findings of a research group could potentially make a huge difference to a large number of patients. Researchers assessed the diagnostic accuracy of emergency doctors´ clinical judgement for acute coronary syndromes – both alone and in combination with the tests available on arrival – ECG and a blood test which detects a protein called troponin.Saiba mais
Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging25 de Julho de 2014
Researchers argue that medicine focuses too much on fighting diseases individually instead of concentrating on interventions that prevent multiple chronic diseases and extend healthy lifespan. They call for moving forward with strategies that have been shown to delay aging in animals. In addition to promoting a healthy diet and regular exercise, these strategies include manipulating molecular pathways that slow aging and promote healthy longevity.Saiba mais
Age of puberty in girls influenced by which parent `imprinted´ genes are inherited from25 de Julho de 2014
The age at which girls reach sexual maturity is influenced by `imprinted´ genes, a small sub-set of genes whose activity differs depending on which parent passes on that gene, according to new research.
Extra exercise helps depressed smokers kick the habit faster23 de Julho de 2014
People diagnosed with depression need to step out for a cigarette twice as often as smokers who are not dealing with a mood disorder. And those who have the hardest time shaking off the habit may have more mental health issues than they are actually aware of, research suggests. While nearly one in five North American adults are regular smokers, a figure that continues to steadily decline, about 40 per cent of depressed people are in need of a regular drag.Saiba mais
The heart of an astronaut, five years on23 de Julho de 2014
The heart of an astronaut is a much-studied thing. Scientists have analyzed its blood flow, rhythms, atrophy and, through journal studies, even matters of the heart. But for the first time, researchers are looking at how oxidative stress and inflammation caused by the conditions of space flight affect those hearts for up to five years after astronauts fly on the International Space Station. Lessons learned may help improve cardiovascular health on Earth as well.Saiba mais
Stem cells aid muscle repair, strengthening after resistance exercise23 de Julho de 2014
By injecting mesenchymal stem cells into mouse leg muscles prior to several bouts of eccentric exercise (similar to the lengthening contractions performed during resistance training in humans), researchers were able to increase the rate of repair and enhance the growth and strength of those muscles in the exercising mice.Saiba mais
Eating disorders and depression in athletes: Does one lead to the other?22 de Julho de 2014
Sport is a proven contributor to high self-esteem, confidence, positive outlook and good health. It would be reasonable to assume then that athletes have higher than average protection from depression and dysfunctional eating? On the contrary, athletes are considered three times more likely to develop an eating disorder and there is strong empirical evidence linking eating disorders and depression. Previous research to determine causality between the two conditions has been conflicting.Saiba mais
Double standard? The use of performance-enhancing products22 de Julho de 2014
When professional athletes are found to be using performance-enhancing drugs, many people consider this an unfair advantage and say they are cheating. But when another person uses the same drug to overcome a disease or behavioral issue, society is more forgiving. A new study shows that people are more forgiving when the benefit is personal.Saiba mais
Business should embrace `boomerang employees´22 de Julho de 2014
The phenomenon of `boomerang employees´ is not unique to professional athletes, says two recent studies. Organizations of all types are beginning to recognize and embrace the value of recruiting and welcoming back former employees. From infantry soldiers to chief executives, accountants and professional basketball players, many organizations proactively recruit and rehire former employees as a way to offset high turnover costs and hedge against the uncertain process of socializing replacement employees.
Long jumpers do better with a spring in their step22 de Julho de 2014
Long jumpers and triple jumpers spend hours training to perfect their take-off. But what influences their performance? Scientists have discovered that taking off from a compliant surface -- such as a springboard -- compared with a firm, unyielding surface, reduces the energy cost of jumping over long distances.Saiba mais
The tortoise and the hare: A sex difference in marathon pacing21 de Julho de 2014
Men are more likely than women to slow their pace in the marathon, according to a new study. The researchers also showed that the sex difference in pacing held across age groups. It also held when adjusting women´s performances by 12 percent to address men’s greater maximal oxygen uptake and their typically faster performances.Saiba mais
Danish DNA could be key to happiness21 de Julho de 2014
Genetics could be the key to explaining nation’s levels of happiness, according to new research. Economists have found the closer a nation is to the genetic makeup of Denmark, the happier that country is. The research could help to solve the puzzle of why a country like Denmark so regularly tops the world happiness rankings.Saiba mais
Adding alcohol to energy drinks leads to an increased urge to drink18 de Julho de 2014
Public-health concerns continue to grow concerning the combining of alcohol with energy drinks (A+ED). New findings indicate that combining A+ED increased the urge to drink alcohol relative to drinking alcohol alone. Study participants who drank A+ED also had significantly higher ratings on liking the cocktail, and wanting to drink more of it, than the alcohol-only condition.Saiba mais
Fixation of osteochondritis dissecans lesions produces good outcomes in young athletes18 de Julho de 2014
SEATTLE — A study presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine demonstrated positive long-term outcomes for young athletes with osteochondritis dissecans lesions.Saiba mais
Transplanting gene into injured hearts creates biological pacemakers17 de Julho de 2014
Cardiologists have developed a minimally invasive gene transplant procedure that changes unspecialized heart cells into "biological pacemaker" cells that keep the heart steadily beating.Saiba mais
Gene that plays a surprising role in combating aging identified17 de Julho de 2014
It is something of an eternal question: Can we slow or even reverse the aging process? Even though genetic manipulations can, in fact, alter some cellular dynamics, little is known about the mechanisms of the aging process in living organisms.Saiba mais
Cholesterol-lowering drugs may reduce cardiovascular death in type 2 diabetes17 de Julho de 2014
Heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death and disability among people with Type 2 diabetes. In fact, at least 65 percent of people with diabetes die from some form of heart disease or stroke. However, a new study suggests that the use of cholesterol-lowering statins may help prolong the lives of people with diabetic cardiovascular
Do women talk more than men? It´s all about context17 de Julho de 2014
A new study has been able to tease out a more accurate picture of the talkative-woman stereotype we´re so familiar with -- and they found that context plays a large role. Using so-called "sociometers" -- wearable devices roughly the size of smartphones that collect real-time data about the user´s social interactions -- the research team was able to tease out a more accurate picture of the stereotype.Saiba mais
Post-concussion `return to play´ decision should be made solely by doctors, says new editorial17 de Julho de 2014
An editorial calls for sports authorities to take into consideration the long term neurological problems that repeated concussions can cause. Cerebral concussion is the most common form of sports-related traumatic brain injury (TBI), and the long-term effects of repeated concussions may include dementia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and other neurological disorders.Saiba mais
Abdominal aortic aneurysms: Surgeon explains who needs screening, treatment16 de Julho de 2014
An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a potentially life-threatening condition: If the body’s major blood vessel ruptures, it can prove deadly. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recently updated its recommendations on screening. Now a surgeon explains who should be watched for abdominal aortic aneurysms, how they are diagnosed and how surgery, which now includes a less invasive endovascular option, is improving survival rates.Saiba mais
Most common genetic heart valve abnormality associated with risk of aneurysm16 de Julho de 2014
It´s becoming increasingly clear that people with bicuspid aortic valves may also be at a higher risk of developing aortic aneurysms, a cardiologist researcher says. Up to 2 per cent of the population has a genetic abnormality in which their aortic valve has only two cusps or hinges ensuring that oxygenated blood from the heart is directed to the rest of the body -- a condition known as bicuspid aortic valve. Most people have three such cusps.Saiba mais
Want a higher GPA in college? Join a gym16 de Julho de 2014
For those students looking to bump up their grade point averages during college, the answer may not be spending more time in a library or study hall, but in a gym. New research shows that students who were members of the recreational sports and fitness centers during their freshman and sophomore years had higher GPAs than those who weren´t. The research also indicated that students with memberships stayed in school longer.Saiba mais
Physical fitness associated with less pronounced effect of sedentary behavior15 de Julho de 2014
Physical fitness may buffer some of the adverse health effects of too much sitting, according to a new study. Sedentary behavior has been linked to an increase risk of obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, and premature death. But previous studies of the association have not taken into account the protective impact of fitness, a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease incidence and
3D printed anatomy to mark a new era for medical training15 de Julho de 2014
The creators of a unique kit containing anatomical body parts produced by 3D printing say it will revolutionize medical education and training, especially in countries where cadaver use is problematic. The `3D Printed Anatomy Series´ is thought to be the first commercially available resource of its kind. The kit contains no human tissue, yet it provides all the major parts of the body required to teach anatomy of the limbs, chest, abdomen, head and neck.Saiba mais
Think fun when exercising and you´ll eat less later15 de Julho de 2014
If you think of your next workout as a `fun run´ or as a well-deserved break, you´ll eat less afterward, research has shown. However, if you think of it as exercise or as a workout you´ll later eat more dessert and snacks, to reward yourself. For beginning or veteran exercisers, the bottom line is this: "Do whatever you can to make your workout fun. Play music, watch a video, or simply be grateful that you´re working out instead of working in the office," said one author.Saiba mais
Physical fitness level affects kidney function in type 2 diabetes15 de Julho de 2014
Adults with Type 2 diabetes who improve their physical fitness lower their chances of getting chronic kidney disease (CKD), and if they already have kidney damage, they can improve their kidney function, new research shows.Saiba mais
Combined aerobic, resistance training, rather than either method alone, is best for controlling blood sugar in people with diabetes15 de Julho de 2014
Combined aerobic and resistance training, rather than either alone, is best for controlling both blood sugar and blood fat profiles among people with type 2 diabetes, a systematic review and meta-analysis of available data suggests. To date, no systematic review has compared the direct and indirect effects of these three different training modalities on the outcomes of blood sugar control and blood fats in patients with type 2 diabetes.Saiba mais
Brisk walking may improve symptoms of Parkinson´s15 de Julho de 2014
People with mild to moderate Parkinson’s disease who regularly walk for exercise may improve their motor function, mood, tiredness, fitness and some aspects of thinking abilities, according to a study. The study included 60 people who took part in sessions of walking at moderate intensity while wearing heart rate monitors three times a week for 45 minutes per session for six months.Saiba mais
Exercise is the best medicine, study shows14 de Julho de 2014
Women would benefit from being prescribed exercise as medicine, according to a study that revealed moderate to high intensity activity is essential to reducing the risk of death in older women. "What we are saying is that high-intensity exercise is not only good for your physical health but also your brain health. Doctors should be developing exercise programs that are home-based and easy to incorporate as part of everyday activities," authors say.Saiba mais
Go play outside: Outdoor time promotes physical activity in youth14 de Julho de 2014
The World Health Organization recommends that youth participate in a minimum of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) each day. Studies have shown that youth experience most of their MVPA during school hours. Therefore, it stands to reason that increasing outdoor time after school hours would increase MVPA. Researchers have now confirmed that time spent outdoors after school was positively associated with MVPA.Saiba mais
Adolescents from southern Europe are less fit, more obese than central-northern European peers14 de Julho de 2014
Adolescents in southern Europe are less fit in terms of cardiorespiratory capacity, strength and speed-agility than their central-northern European peers. Moreover, southern adolescents are more obese and p